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Är vi för upptagna av att vara upptagna? - en studie av mobiltelefonanvändandets effekter på hoppfullhet och kreativitet under en stund av väntan

Nilsson, Charlotta LU (2015) PSYK01 20151
Department of Psychology
Abstract (Swedish)
I denna studie undersöktes huruvida en stund av väntan med eller utan mobiltelefon innan en kreativ uppgift påverkade den kreativa förmågan samt känslan av hoppfullhet. Studien utgick ifrån vardagens väntestunder, pauser som uppkommer dagligen där vi tvingas vänta på något (exempelvis på bussen, mötet, middagen, hissen) och så får en oplanerad sysslolös stund. I studien undersöktes sextiosex gymnasieungdomars kreativa förmåga (med Alternative Uses Task och Test for Creative Thinking – Drawing Production) samt upplevda känsla av hoppfullhet (med State Hope Scale) efter en väntestund på tio minuter fylld med mobiltelefonanvändande eller icke-mobiltelefonanvändande. En förväntan ökning på hoppfullhet och kreativitet hos gruppen utan... (More)
I denna studie undersöktes huruvida en stund av väntan med eller utan mobiltelefon innan en kreativ uppgift påverkade den kreativa förmågan samt känslan av hoppfullhet. Studien utgick ifrån vardagens väntestunder, pauser som uppkommer dagligen där vi tvingas vänta på något (exempelvis på bussen, mötet, middagen, hissen) och så får en oplanerad sysslolös stund. I studien undersöktes sextiosex gymnasieungdomars kreativa förmåga (med Alternative Uses Task och Test for Creative Thinking – Drawing Production) samt upplevda känsla av hoppfullhet (med State Hope Scale) efter en väntestund på tio minuter fylld med mobiltelefonanvändande eller icke-mobiltelefonanvändande. En förväntan ökning på hoppfullhet och kreativitet hos gruppen utan mobiltelefon uteblev, och även den förväntade korrelationen mellan begreppen hoppfullhet och kreativitet. Studien uppvisade inga signifikanta resultat, dock fanns två tendenser i förväntad riktning, då TCT-DP och hoppfullhets delkomponent pathways uppvisade en indikation på högre medelvärde för gruppen utan mobiltelefon. Samma begrepp visade sig också i motsats till förväntat resultat uppvisa en stark tendens till negativ korrelation i gruppen utan mobiltelefon. Resultaten är intressanta då de kan tyda på den komplexitet och mångfald av processer som ligger bakom både mobiltelefonanvändande och en stund av väntan. De indikationer på nära signifikanta resultat som uppkom ger ansats till nya spännande studier på kreativitet, hopp och vår ständigt närvarande följeslagare; mobiltelefonen. (Less)
Abstract
This study explored how a break with or without a mobile phone before engaging in a creative task would affect the creative outcome and the feeling of hope. The study took its base in the moments of everyday life, the little breaks that we experience everyday where we are forced to wait for something or someone (e.g. for the bus, the meeting, dinner or elevator) and this becomes an unplanned inactive moment. The study involved sixty-six high school students, which were tested on their creative abilities (with Alternative Uses Task and Test for Creative Thinking – Drawing Production) and hope (with State Hope Scale) after a waiting period filled with either mobile phone use or no mobile phone use. The expected rise in hope and creativity in... (More)
This study explored how a break with or without a mobile phone before engaging in a creative task would affect the creative outcome and the feeling of hope. The study took its base in the moments of everyday life, the little breaks that we experience everyday where we are forced to wait for something or someone (e.g. for the bus, the meeting, dinner or elevator) and this becomes an unplanned inactive moment. The study involved sixty-six high school students, which were tested on their creative abilities (with Alternative Uses Task and Test for Creative Thinking – Drawing Production) and hope (with State Hope Scale) after a waiting period filled with either mobile phone use or no mobile phone use. The expected rise in hope and creativity in the condition without mobile phone use did not take place, and neither did the expected correlation between hope and creativity. The study showed no significant results, however there was two tendencies in the expected direction, as TCT-DP and one of the components of hope (pathways) showed a indication for a significant higher mean for the condition without mobile phone use. The same concepts also showed in contradiction to the expected results a strong tendency towards a negative correlation in the group without mobile phone use. The results are interesting as they show the complexity and diversity of processes that is behind the concepts of mobile phone use and the moments of waiting. The indications to near significant results that were shown gives call for the making of new exciting studies on creativity, hope and our ever constant companion; the mobile phone. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Nilsson, Charlotta LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSYK01 20151
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
media multitasking, waiting, mobile phone usage, hope, creativity, väntan, multitasking av media, mobiltelefonanvändande, hoppfullhet, kreativitet
language
Swedish
id
8146612
date added to LUP
2015-11-02 12:38:19
date last changed
2015-11-02 12:38:38
@misc{8146612,
  abstract     = {This study explored how a break with or without a mobile phone before engaging in a creative task would affect the creative outcome and the feeling of hope. The study took its base in the moments of everyday life, the little breaks that we experience everyday where we are forced to wait for something or someone (e.g. for the bus, the meeting, dinner or elevator) and this becomes an unplanned inactive moment. The study involved sixty-six high school students, which were tested on their creative abilities (with Alternative Uses Task and Test for Creative Thinking – Drawing Production) and hope (with State Hope Scale) after a waiting period filled with either mobile phone use or no mobile phone use. The expected rise in hope and creativity in the condition without mobile phone use did not take place, and neither did the expected correlation between hope and creativity. The study showed no significant results, however there was two tendencies in the expected direction, as TCT-DP and one of the components of hope (pathways) showed a indication for a significant higher mean for the condition without mobile phone use. The same concepts also showed in contradiction to the expected results a strong tendency towards a negative correlation in the group without mobile phone use. The results are interesting as they show the complexity and diversity of processes that is behind the concepts of mobile phone use and the moments of waiting. The indications to near significant results that were shown gives call for the making of new exciting studies on creativity, hope and our ever constant companion; the mobile phone.},
  author       = {Nilsson, Charlotta},
  keyword      = {media multitasking,waiting,mobile phone usage,hope,creativity,väntan,multitasking av media,mobiltelefonanvändande,hoppfullhet,kreativitet},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Är vi för upptagna av att vara upptagna? - en studie av mobiltelefonanvändandets effekter på hoppfullhet och kreativitet under en stund av väntan},
  year         = {2015},
}