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Evaluation of a Set of TCP Features over Narrowband Radio Bearer for Train Communication

Buzolli, Pajtim LU and Mucha, Jakub Tadeusz LU (2016) EITM02 20152
Department of Electrical and Information Technology
Abstract
An engineering approach to the evaluation of the TCP as a narrowband bearer for short messages in the low latency train-trackside communication scenario is described in this report. The project was developed in cooperation with Bombardier Transportation Sweden AB as a part of the “ETCS over GPRS” venture.

With the increase of the demands from the railway industry, the currently used circuit-switched GSM-R technology becomes unsatisfactory from the radio system capacity point of view and the need of a new solution is highly required. The packet-switched GPRS solution using TCP as a suite is under research for this specific scenario. The investigated problem in this report concerns the tuning of the retransmission mechanism, which... (More)
An engineering approach to the evaluation of the TCP as a narrowband bearer for short messages in the low latency train-trackside communication scenario is described in this report. The project was developed in cooperation with Bombardier Transportation Sweden AB as a part of the “ETCS over GPRS” venture.

With the increase of the demands from the railway industry, the currently used circuit-switched GSM-R technology becomes unsatisfactory from the radio system capacity point of view and the need of a new solution is highly required. The packet-switched GPRS solution using TCP as a suite is under research for this specific scenario. The investigated problem in this report concerns the tuning of the retransmission mechanism, which includes the TCP features TCP_RTO_MIN and TCP_KEEPALIVE. This implies the tuning of those features to be able to detect a loss of communication and to react less aggressively for the short and instantaneous changes in the network delay.

This thesis work began with a preparation phase in which a broad literature analysis of the background theory was made and followed by the development of applications that realizes the traffic model. Later in the performance phase the required changes were applied on the system and finally tested in a lab. The tests have been performed using one and four pairs of client-server applications communicating over an emulated link. The TCP features were modified at two levels, the TCP_RTO_MIN by a kernel recompilation and the TCP_KEEPALIVE by changes on the live system. Results from the tests have shown that for the higher than the default value of the TCP_RTO_MIN the less retransmissions were triggered. The TCP_KEEPALIVE has proven to be a sufficient feature to indicate a loss of the link. However the achieved improvement in performance was not as high as expected, but acceptable for this scenario. The train-trackside communication system could benefit from the proposed changes. (Less)
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author
Buzolli, Pajtim LU and Mucha, Jakub Tadeusz LU
supervisor
organization
course
EITM02 20152
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
TCP, TCP Features, Circuit Switched, GSM-R, Packet Switched, GPRS, Train Communication
report number
LU/LTH-EIT 2015--479
language
English
id
8512939
date added to LUP
2016-01-12 11:40:32
date last changed
2016-01-12 11:40:32
@misc{8512939,
  abstract     = {An engineering approach to the evaluation of the TCP as a narrowband bearer for short messages in the low latency train-trackside communication scenario is described in this report. The project was developed in cooperation with Bombardier Transportation Sweden AB as a part of the “ETCS over GPRS” venture.

With the increase of the demands from the railway industry, the currently used circuit-switched GSM-R technology becomes unsatisfactory from the radio system capacity point of view and the need of a new solution is highly required. The packet-switched GPRS solution using TCP as a suite is under research for this specific scenario. The investigated problem in this report concerns the tuning of the retransmission mechanism, which includes the TCP features TCP_RTO_MIN and TCP_KEEPALIVE. This implies the tuning of those features to be able to detect a loss of communication and to react less aggressively for the short and instantaneous changes in the network delay.

This thesis work began with a preparation phase in which a broad literature analysis of the background theory was made and followed by the development of applications that realizes the traffic model. Later in the performance phase the required changes were applied on the system and finally tested in a lab. The tests have been performed using one and four pairs of client-server applications communicating over an emulated link. The TCP features were modified at two levels, the TCP_RTO_MIN by a kernel recompilation and the TCP_KEEPALIVE by changes on the live system. Results from the tests have shown that for the higher than the default value of the TCP_RTO_MIN the less retransmissions were triggered. The TCP_KEEPALIVE has proven to be a sufficient feature to indicate a loss of the link. However the achieved improvement in performance was not as high as expected, but acceptable for this scenario. The train-trackside communication system could benefit from the proposed changes.},
  author       = {Buzolli, Pajtim and Mucha, Jakub Tadeusz},
  keyword      = {TCP,TCP Features,Circuit Switched,GSM-R,Packet Switched,GPRS,Train Communication},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Evaluation of a Set of TCP Features over Narrowband Radio Bearer for Train Communication},
  year         = {2016},
}