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Event segmentation causes a release of proactive interference - an attempt to integrate two classical paradigms

Dahlström, Alexander LU (2016) PSYK11 20152
Department of Psychology
Abstract
Past research on proactive interference has yielded many ways to cause a release of proactive interference. At the same time, the event segmentation paradigm attempts to explain why memory is sometimes enhanced and sometimes diminished and how we understand the world through perception. In a memory experiment carried out in Minecraft, a release of proactive interference is attempted not through a semantic shift as in the classic paradigm but by crossing an event boundary, here defined as a sudden shift of environment. 36 undergraduates at Nils Fredriksson gymnasium were recruited for the experiment.
The results were inconclusive for the average of the two counterbalanced groups and conflicting when the two groups’ results were analyzed... (More)
Past research on proactive interference has yielded many ways to cause a release of proactive interference. At the same time, the event segmentation paradigm attempts to explain why memory is sometimes enhanced and sometimes diminished and how we understand the world through perception. In a memory experiment carried out in Minecraft, a release of proactive interference is attempted not through a semantic shift as in the classic paradigm but by crossing an event boundary, here defined as a sudden shift of environment. 36 undergraduates at Nils Fredriksson gymnasium were recruited for the experiment.
The results were inconclusive for the average of the two counterbalanced groups and conflicting when the two groups’ results were analyzed separately, providing both support for the hypothesis and discrediting it. The causes of these conflicted results are discussed along with improvements for future studies. (Less)
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author
Dahlström, Alexander LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSYK11 20152
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Short-term memory, Proactive interference, Event segmentation, Event boundary
language
English
additional info
Many thanks to my supervisor, Mikael Johansson, the most brilliant researcher I've met. Many thanks to Nils Fredriksson Utbildning (NFU) for supporting me with possible participants and a lab.
id
8521216
date added to LUP
2016-01-19 10:03:20
date last changed
2016-01-19 10:03:20
@misc{8521216,
  abstract     = {Past research on proactive interference has yielded many ways to cause a release of proactive interference. At the same time, the event segmentation paradigm attempts to explain why memory is sometimes enhanced and sometimes diminished and how we understand the world through perception. In a memory experiment carried out in Minecraft, a release of proactive interference is attempted not through a semantic shift as in the classic paradigm but by crossing an event boundary, here defined as a sudden shift of environment. 36 undergraduates at Nils Fredriksson gymnasium were recruited for the experiment. 
The results were inconclusive for the average of the two counterbalanced groups and conflicting when the two groups’ results were analyzed separately, providing both support for the hypothesis and discrediting it. The causes of these conflicted results are discussed along with improvements for future studies.},
  author       = {Dahlström, Alexander},
  keyword      = {Short-term memory,Proactive interference,Event segmentation,Event boundary},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Event segmentation causes a release of proactive interference - an attempt to integrate two classical paradigms},
  year         = {2016},
}