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Rankine Cycles, Modeling and Control

Teleman, Ylva LU (2016) MVK920 20152
Department of Energy Sciences
Abstract
As the demand for decreased use of energy increases, new ways of using energy sources are investigated. One of these ways is to be able to use low temperature heat sources, which can be done with a rankine or organic rankine cycle. In a rankine cycle there is a working fluid which is pressurized, evaporated, expanded and then condensed again, and the energy released during the expansion can drive a generator which generates electricity.
The aims of this master thesis were to model a rankine cycle, parameterise it according to data received from an external company, implement control strategies and gain knowledge about its behaviour. The external company provided 11 data sets from their rankine cycle test bench, and they were not all... (More)
As the demand for decreased use of energy increases, new ways of using energy sources are investigated. One of these ways is to be able to use low temperature heat sources, which can be done with a rankine or organic rankine cycle. In a rankine cycle there is a working fluid which is pressurized, evaporated, expanded and then condensed again, and the energy released during the expansion can drive a generator which generates electricity.
The aims of this master thesis were to model a rankine cycle, parameterise it according to data received from an external company, implement control strategies and gain knowledge about its behaviour. The external company provided 11 data sets from their rankine cycle test bench, and they were not all coherent; some had a mass flow that was too low, it required the turbine to have a mechanical efficiency that was above 100 %.
A new model of a pump was built, but otherwise models that already existed were used. The components were then parameterised to the different data sets and the simulations gave results that matched the data. For the data sets that were coherent, the simulations gave results that matched the data better. A power point tracking diagram done by the external company was also recreated.
Control strategies that controlled the super heating, torque of turbine and working
fluid charge in cycle were implemented. A tank before the pump was also added in order to prevent vapour to enter the pump. These control strategies as well as simulation results have created a base for knowledge about rankine cycles as well as organic rankine cycles. The results can be used by Modelon as a base for further investigation as well as for other projects. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Teleman, Ylva LU
supervisor
organization
course
MVK920 20152
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
dynamic, modeling, organic rankine cycles, Modelica, simulation, Dymola., Rankine cycles
report number
ISRN LUTMDN/TMHP-16/5360
ISSN
0282-1990
language
English
id
8522986
date added to LUP
2016-01-19 08:49:58
date last changed
2016-01-19 08:49:58
@misc{8522986,
  abstract     = {As the demand for decreased use of energy increases, new ways of using energy sources are investigated. One of these ways is to be able to use low temperature heat sources, which can be done with a rankine or organic rankine cycle. In a rankine cycle there is a working fluid which is pressurized, evaporated, expanded and then condensed again, and the energy released during the expansion can drive a generator which generates electricity.
The aims of this master thesis were to model a rankine cycle, parameterise it according to data received from an external company, implement control strategies and gain knowledge about its behaviour. The external company provided 11 data sets from their rankine cycle test bench, and they were not all coherent; some had a mass flow that was too low, it required the turbine to have a mechanical efficiency that was above 100 %.
A new model of a pump was built, but otherwise models that already existed were used. The components were then parameterised to the different data sets and the simulations gave results that matched the data. For the data sets that were coherent, the simulations gave results that matched the data better. A power point tracking diagram done by the external company was also recreated.
Control strategies that controlled the super heating, torque of turbine and working 
fluid charge in cycle were implemented. A tank before the pump was also added in order to prevent vapour to enter the pump. These control strategies as well as simulation results have created a base for knowledge about rankine cycles as well as organic rankine cycles. The results can be used by Modelon as a base for further investigation as well as for other projects.},
  author       = {Teleman, Ylva},
  issn         = {0282-1990},
  keyword      = {dynamic,modeling,organic rankine cycles,Modelica,simulation,Dymola.,Rankine cycles},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Rankine Cycles, Modeling and Control},
  year         = {2016},
}