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Sömn, försvar och ångest: Kan sömn påverka försvarsstrukturer och har mardrömmar samband med ångest och försvar?

Samuelsson, Jan LU (2016) PSYM99 20152
Department of Psychology
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether sleep leads to more flexible use of defense mechanisms, and linkages between defense structure, anxiety and nightmares, the two conditions, sleep and rest.
69 participants were recruited for the study and they were divided into a sleep group (n = 48) who received a period of sleep during the daytime while the other partcipants (n = 16) rested during the same period. Defense mechanisms were subsequently measured with a perceptgenetiskt process test (Meta-Contrast Technique, MCT). Anxiety was measured with both the MCT and the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory.
From the sleep group was created two groups: those that have ended up in non-REM sleep and those who ended up in REM sleep also.... (More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether sleep leads to more flexible use of defense mechanisms, and linkages between defense structure, anxiety and nightmares, the two conditions, sleep and rest.
69 participants were recruited for the study and they were divided into a sleep group (n = 48) who received a period of sleep during the daytime while the other partcipants (n = 16) rested during the same period. Defense mechanisms were subsequently measured with a perceptgenetiskt process test (Meta-Contrast Technique, MCT). Anxiety was measured with both the MCT and the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory.
From the sleep group was created two groups: those that have ended up in non-REM sleep and those who ended up in REM sleep also. In the result an ANOVA showed that the REM-group (n = 35), non-REM group (n = 13) and restgroup (n = 16) were significantly different for (p = .02). REM group were found to have significantly more flexible defense structure than vilogruppen (p = .007). The restgroup and non-REM divorced but not when it comes to defense structures.
The frequency of nightmares were associated with self-rated Trait anxiety (p = .023).
The study indicates that REM sleep can affect our defense structures, but can not demonstrate any link between defense structures and nightmares.
Design and confounding factors were discussed. Further research is suggested in order to separate out the individual's habitual defense from the effects of sleep. More research is needed to draw conclusions about REM sleep-specific relevance to the psyche flexibility. (Less)
Popular Abstract (Swedish)
Människans fysiska behov av sömn är uppenbara, men vilken funktion fyller egentligen sömnen och drömmarna för psyket? Det är något av ett mysterium trots att både sömn och drömmar är föremål för mycket debatt, teorier och studier.
I den här studien undersöks kopplingen mellan sömn, mardrömmar och försvarsstrukturer. Kan en kort sovstund dagtid påverka våra försvarsstrategier, gör den vårt psyke mer flexibelt? Hänger mängden mardrömmar ihop med våra försvarsstrukturer och hur vi mår?
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Samuelsson, Jan LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSYM99 20152
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
STAI, REM, nightmares, sleep, anxiety, microgenesis, MCT, Defense mechanisms, försvarsmekanismer, perceptgenes, ångest, sömn, mardrömmar
language
Swedish
id
8568326
date added to LUP
2016-01-26 15:51:30
date last changed
2016-01-26 15:51:30
@misc{8568326,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this study was to investigate whether sleep leads to more flexible use of defense mechanisms, and linkages between defense structure, anxiety and nightmares, the two conditions, sleep and rest.
69 participants were recruited for the study and they were divided into a sleep group (n = 48) who received a period of sleep during the daytime while the other partcipants (n = 16) rested during the same period. Defense mechanisms were subsequently measured with a perceptgenetiskt process test (Meta-Contrast Technique, MCT). Anxiety was measured with both the MCT and the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory.
From the sleep group was created two groups: those that have ended up in non-REM sleep and those who ended up in REM sleep also. In the result an ANOVA showed that the REM-group (n = 35), non-REM group (n = 13) and restgroup (n = 16) were significantly different for (p = .02). REM group were found to have significantly more flexible defense structure than vilogruppen (p = .007). The restgroup and non-REM divorced but not when it comes to defense structures.
The frequency of nightmares were associated with self-rated Trait anxiety (p = .023). 
The study indicates that REM sleep can affect our defense structures, but can not demonstrate any link between defense structures and nightmares.
Design and confounding factors were discussed. Further research is suggested in order to separate out the individual's habitual defense from the effects of sleep. More research is needed to draw conclusions about REM sleep-specific relevance to the psyche flexibility.},
  author       = {Samuelsson, Jan},
  keyword      = {STAI,REM,nightmares,sleep,anxiety,microgenesis,MCT,Defense mechanisms,försvarsmekanismer,perceptgenes,ångest,sömn,mardrömmar},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Sömn, försvar och ångest: Kan sömn påverka försvarsstrukturer och har mardrömmar samband med ångest och försvar?},
  year         = {2016},
}