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A comparison of Chinese and Swedish maternity insurance

Zhao, Weiting LU (2016) SIMT19 20152
Master of Science in Social Studies of Gender
Graduate School
School of Social Work
Abstract
This thesis aims at comparing the differences between Chinese welfare system and Swedish welfare system in respects of maternity insurance, parental leave and childcare. The reason comparing welfare system in these specific aspects is because they have intense relations with the mothers’ and children’s benefits. They also influence the mothers’ will of pregnancy. Selecting these two countries as the comparative subjects is because they two face the same challenge of aging population problems. Since the New China established in 1949, there were no more specific family policies until the implementation of the one-child policy. Recently, Chinese government realized the ageing population crisis. Therefore, the separate two-child policy was... (More)
This thesis aims at comparing the differences between Chinese welfare system and Swedish welfare system in respects of maternity insurance, parental leave and childcare. The reason comparing welfare system in these specific aspects is because they have intense relations with the mothers’ and children’s benefits. They also influence the mothers’ will of pregnancy. Selecting these two countries as the comparative subjects is because they two face the same challenge of aging population problems. Since the New China established in 1949, there were no more specific family policies until the implementation of the one-child policy. Recently, Chinese government realized the ageing population crisis. Therefore, the separate two-child policy was launched at the end of 2013. By contrast, Sweden introduced the child supplement in 1918, and in order to increase birthrate benefits for caring was introduced in the 1930s. Maternity grants were included in the population policy in 1937 followed by maternity assistance in 1938. These were the basic principles of maternity insurance which were revised by the other policy reforms afterwards.
China, as a developing country, executes the one-child policy for controlling the population more than 30 years. However, recently more and more scholars and policy makers realize in the near future aging population problems will create multiple issues hinder the whole country’s development. The separate two-child policy is the new regulation of family planning policy in China based on the one-child policy, and it is also the first step of preparation to increase the fertility rate. Meanwhile, the maternity insurance has maintained the former version. Beijing, as the capital of China, does its regulations amendments in three month which is the policy sample for other local government reference. Therefore, Beijing is selected to be the compared party.
On the other side of the globe, Sweden is famous for its consummate welfare system. Since the 1970s, with the situation of low fertility rate and high requirements of women employment, Sweden attempts to exercise pronatalist policies to encourage women’s fertility, for example through various aspects of the maternity insurance. In addition parental leave and childcare are mentioned in the Swedish family policies which are based on the principle of gender equality and establish a well functioning childcare system that gives rights for men of caring children. All these efforts aim to balance work and family conflicts for both mothers and fathers in Sweden. (Less)
Popular Abstract
This thesis aims at comparing the differences between Chinese welfare system and Swedish welfare system in respects of maternity insurance, parental leave and childcare. The reason comparing welfare system in these specific aspects is because they have intense relations with the mothers’ and children’s benefits. They also influence the mothers’ will of pregnancy. Selecting these two countries as the comparative subjects is because they two face the same challenge of aging population problems. Since the New China established in 1949, there were no more specific family policies until the implementation of the one-child policy. Recently, Chinese government realized the ageing population crisis. Therefore, the separate two-child policy was... (More)
This thesis aims at comparing the differences between Chinese welfare system and Swedish welfare system in respects of maternity insurance, parental leave and childcare. The reason comparing welfare system in these specific aspects is because they have intense relations with the mothers’ and children’s benefits. They also influence the mothers’ will of pregnancy. Selecting these two countries as the comparative subjects is because they two face the same challenge of aging population problems. Since the New China established in 1949, there were no more specific family policies until the implementation of the one-child policy. Recently, Chinese government realized the ageing population crisis. Therefore, the separate two-child policy was launched at the end of 2013. By contrast, Sweden introduced the child supplement in 1918, and in order to increase birthrate benefits for caring was introduced in the 1930s. Maternity grants were included in the population policy in 1937 followed by maternity assistance in 1938. These were the basic principles of maternity insurance which were revised by the other policy reforms afterwards.
China, as a developing country, executes the one-child policy for controlling the population more than 30 years. However, recently more and more scholars and policy makers realize in the near future aging population problems will create multiple issues hinder the whole country’s development. The separate two-child policy is the new regulation of family planning policy in China based on the one-child policy, and it is also the first step of preparation to increase the fertility rate. Meanwhile, the maternity insurance has maintained the former version. Beijing, as the capital of China, does its regulations amendments in three month which is the policy sample for other local government reference. Therefore, Beijing is selected to be the compared party.
On the other side of the globe, Sweden is famous for its consummate welfare system. Since the 1970s, with the situation of low fertility rate and high requirements of women employment, Sweden attempts to exercise pronatalist policies to encourage women’s fertility, for example through various aspects of the maternity insurance. In addition parental leave and childcare are mentioned in the Swedish family policies which are based on the principle of gender equality and establish a well functioning childcare system that gives rights for men of caring children. All these efforts aim to balance work and family conflicts for both mothers and fathers in Sweden. (Less)
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author
Zhao, Weiting LU
supervisor
organization
course
SIMT19 20152
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
the male breadwinner model, childcare, parental leave, maternity insurance
language
English
id
8572021
date added to LUP
2016-06-27 11:45:26
date last changed
2016-06-27 11:45:26
@misc{8572021,
  abstract     = {This thesis aims at comparing the differences between Chinese welfare system and Swedish welfare system in respects of maternity insurance, parental leave and childcare. The reason comparing welfare system in these specific aspects is because they have intense relations with the mothers’ and children’s benefits. They also influence the mothers’ will of pregnancy. Selecting these two countries as the comparative subjects is because they two face the same challenge of aging population problems. Since the New China established in 1949, there were no more specific family policies until the implementation of the one-child policy. Recently, Chinese government realized the ageing population crisis. Therefore, the separate two-child policy was launched at the end of 2013. By contrast, Sweden introduced the child supplement in 1918, and in order to increase birthrate benefits for caring was introduced in the 1930s. Maternity grants were included in the population policy in 1937 followed by maternity assistance in 1938. These were the basic principles of maternity insurance which were revised by the other policy reforms afterwards.
China, as a developing country, executes the one-child policy for controlling the population more than 30 years. However, recently more and more scholars and policy makers realize in the near future aging population problems will create multiple issues hinder the whole country’s development. The separate two-child policy is the new regulation of family planning policy in China based on the one-child policy, and it is also the first step of preparation to increase the fertility rate. Meanwhile, the maternity insurance has maintained the former version. Beijing, as the capital of China, does its regulations amendments in three month which is the policy sample for other local government reference. Therefore, Beijing is selected to be the compared party.
On the other side of the globe, Sweden is famous for its consummate welfare system. Since the 1970s, with the situation of low fertility rate and high requirements of women employment, Sweden attempts to exercise pronatalist policies to encourage women’s fertility, for example through various aspects of the maternity insurance. In addition parental leave and childcare are mentioned in the Swedish family policies which are based on the principle of gender equality and establish a well functioning childcare system that gives rights for men of caring children. All these efforts aim to balance work and family conflicts for both mothers and fathers in Sweden.},
  author       = {Zhao, Weiting},
  keyword      = {the male breadwinner model,childcare,parental leave,maternity insurance},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {A comparison of Chinese and Swedish maternity insurance},
  year         = {2016},
}