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Rationalisering av Arbetsmiljön i häststallar Tävlings-och avelsstall

Johanna, Hindelang (2015) MVEK03 20121
Studies in Environmental Science
Abstract
The Horse Sector in Sweden today is growing and almost 10% of Sweden's population will be regularly in contact with horses. Interest in these animals is increasing all the time, which means that more people will also get in touch with the daily care of the horse. In the management of horses is heavy lifting and other strenuous movements regular. Something that has been overlooked in the horse sector is working in conjunction with the management of horses. There has hardly been any development work in the stables the last hundred years, which has taken place in agriculture where most things have been streamlined and led to most parts of the work has been mechanized. A rationalization of the work environment leads to more time that can be... (More)
The Horse Sector in Sweden today is growing and almost 10% of Sweden's population will be regularly in contact with horses. Interest in these animals is increasing all the time, which means that more people will also get in touch with the daily care of the horse. In the management of horses is heavy lifting and other strenuous movements regular. Something that has been overlooked in the horse sector is working in conjunction with the management of horses. There has hardly been any development work in the stables the last hundred years, which has taken place in agriculture where most things have been streamlined and led to most parts of the work has been mechanized. A rationalization of the work environment leads to more time that can be spent on such as the training of the horses and if the heaviest parts of the management of manual manure handling and feeding would be replaced with such mechanized alternatives, many injuries could be prevented and thus avoided. Many do not want to mechanize the work as they believe that this would lead to worse care of the horses, and they are afraid that it would not be worthwhile to invest in such a reconstruction or new machines.
The purpose of this work is to contribute to knowledge in order to improve working conditions as well as the protection of human health. I have therefore chosen to investigate two specific stables, to see how the work environment is in these stables, if anything could be streamlined or made more efficient, and if it would pay off financially. The stables examined belong Hästaks business and has a total space for 46 horses included in their breeding and racing operations. The various aspects that have been investigated in the stables where the overall design and their manure handling system, fodder and forage systems and even the placement of the gear. In the two specific investigated stables there had already been a mechanization of manure removal, which the employees and the owner was very pleased with. Using a spreadsheet used in a previous study (Wallertz, 2009) estimated that it still is possible to save about 92 000 SEK to the labor cost per year of concentrate and forage systems could be rationalized by using an electric trolley instead of the manually-drawn carriages and they would also lead to a better working environment for the employees, then they would not have to pull the cars with power and roughage manually. Other minor changes have tools for manure removal and feeding in several places in the same stall also leads to more efficient work and this is particularly true in the stable with longer stall aisles, which Hästaks both teams had. (Less)
Popular Abstract (Swedish)
Rationalisering av arbetsmiljön i häststallar - Tävlings- och avelsstall
Hästsektorn i Sverige idag håller på att växa och nästan 10 % av Sveriges befolkning kommer regelbundet i kontakt med hästar. Intresset för dessa djur ökar hela tiden, vilket innebär att allt fler människor även kommer att komma i kontakt med den dagliga skötseln av hästen. Vid skötseln av hästarna är tunga lyft och andra påfrestande rörelser vanliga. Detta kan leda till belastningsskador och något som har kommit i skymundan inom hästsektorn är just arbetsmiljön i samband med skötseln av hästarna.
Det har knappt skett någon utveckling av arbetsmiljön i häststall de senaste hundra åren, vilket har skett inom lantbruket där det mesta har rationaliserats och lett till... (More)
Rationalisering av arbetsmiljön i häststallar - Tävlings- och avelsstall
Hästsektorn i Sverige idag håller på att växa och nästan 10 % av Sveriges befolkning kommer regelbundet i kontakt med hästar. Intresset för dessa djur ökar hela tiden, vilket innebär att allt fler människor även kommer att komma i kontakt med den dagliga skötseln av hästen. Vid skötseln av hästarna är tunga lyft och andra påfrestande rörelser vanliga. Detta kan leda till belastningsskador och något som har kommit i skymundan inom hästsektorn är just arbetsmiljön i samband med skötseln av hästarna.
Det har knappt skett någon utveckling av arbetsmiljön i häststall de senaste hundra åren, vilket har skett inom lantbruket där det mesta har rationaliserats och lett till att de flesta delarna av arbetet har mekaniserats. En rationalisering av arbetsmiljön leder till att mer tid kan läggas på t.ex. träningen av hästarna. Om de tyngsta delarna av skötseln som manuell utgödsling och utfodring ersätts med t.ex. mekaniserade alternativ, skulle många skador kunna förebyggas och därmed undvikas. Många vill inte mekanisera arbetet då de anser att detta skulle leda till en sämre skötsel av hästarna och de är rädda att det inte skulle löna sig att investera i t.ex. en ombyggnation eller nya maskiner.
Syftet med detta arbete är att bidra till kunskap som kan förbättra arbetsvillkoren i häststallar, samt långsiktigt även skydda människors hälsa. Jag har därför valt att undersöka två specifika stall för att utreda hur arbetsmiljön i dessa stall är, om någonting skulle kunna rationaliseras eller effektiviseras samt om det skulle löna sig ekonomiskt. Stallen som undersöktes hade sammanlagt plats för 46 hästar som ingår i deras avels-och tävlingsverksamhet. De olika aspekterna som har undersökts är stallens allmänna utformning och deras utgödslingssystem, kraftfoder- och grovfodersystem och även placeringen av redskapen.
I de två undersökta stallen hade det redan skett en mekanisering av utgödslingen, vilket de anställda och ägaren var väldigt nöjda med. Med hjälp av en kalkyl som använts i en tidigare studie beräknades att det ändå går att spara ca 92 000 kr till i arbetskostnad per år om kraftfoder- och grovfodersystemen skulle rationaliseras med hjälp av elvagnar istället för de manuellt dragna vagnarna och de skulle även leda till en bättre arbetsmiljö för de anställda, då de skulle slippa dra vagnarna med kraft- och grovfodret manuellt. Andra mindre förändringar som att ha redskapen för utgödslingen och utfodringen på flera ställen i samma stall leder också till ett effektivare arbete och detta gäller framförallt i stall med längre stallgångar, vilket båda stallen har.
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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Johanna, Hindelang
supervisor
organization
course
MVEK03 20121
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Stall, hästskötsel, arbetsmiljlö
language
Swedish
id
8609760
date added to LUP
2016-02-09 13:08:20
date last changed
2016-02-09 13:08:20
@misc{8609760,
  abstract     = {The Horse Sector in Sweden today is growing and almost 10% of Sweden's population will be regularly in contact with horses. Interest in these animals is increasing all the time, which means that more people will also get in touch with the daily care of the horse. In the management of horses is heavy lifting and other strenuous movements regular. Something that has been overlooked in the horse sector is working in conjunction with the management of horses. There has hardly been any development work in the stables the last hundred years, which has taken place in agriculture where most things have been streamlined and led to most parts of the work has been mechanized. A rationalization of the work environment leads to more time that can be spent on such as the training of the horses and if the heaviest parts of the management of manual manure handling and feeding would be replaced with such mechanized alternatives, many injuries could be prevented and thus avoided. Many do not want to mechanize the work as they believe that this would lead to worse care of the horses, and they are afraid that it would not be worthwhile to invest in such a reconstruction or new machines.
The purpose of this work is to contribute to knowledge in order to improve working conditions as well as the protection of human health. I have therefore chosen to investigate two specific stables, to see how the work environment is in these stables, if anything could be streamlined or made more efficient, and if it would pay off financially. The stables examined belong Hästaks business and has a total space for 46 horses included in their breeding and racing operations. The various aspects that have been investigated in the stables where the overall design and their manure handling system, fodder and forage systems and even the placement of the gear. In the two specific investigated stables there had already been a mechanization of manure removal, which the employees and the owner was very pleased with. Using a spreadsheet used in a previous study (Wallertz, 2009) estimated that it still is possible to save about 92 000 SEK to the labor cost per year of concentrate and forage systems could be rationalized by using an electric trolley instead of the manually-drawn carriages and they would also lead to a better working environment for the employees, then they would not have to pull the cars with power and roughage manually. Other minor changes have tools for manure removal and feeding in several places in the same stall also leads to more efficient work and this is particularly true in the stable with longer stall aisles, which Hästaks both teams had.},
  author       = {Johanna, Hindelang},
  keyword      = {Stall,hästskötsel,arbetsmiljlö},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Rationalisering av Arbetsmiljön i häststallar Tävlings-och avelsstall},
  year         = {2015},
}