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Samband mellan kondition och depressivitet respektive stress hos äldre med Minimal Cognitive Impairment

Enocson, Charlott LU and Jacobson, Andrea LU (2016) PSYK11 20152
Department of Psychology
Abstract
Knowledge is needed to prevent dementia in a population with an increasing risk to develop dementia. Minimal Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is a preliminary stage to dementia, but not everyone with MCI fall ill. By understanding possible triggers for dementia preventive work could become more effective. Two risk factors are depression and stress. A preventive factor is good physical fitness. The aim of this study was to examine how fitness level is associated with depressive and stress levels in elderly with MCI, and to investigate potential gender differences. In total 31 individuals participated. Depressive levels were measured with Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS-S) and stress levels with Shirom Melamed Burnout... (More)
Knowledge is needed to prevent dementia in a population with an increasing risk to develop dementia. Minimal Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is a preliminary stage to dementia, but not everyone with MCI fall ill. By understanding possible triggers for dementia preventive work could become more effective. Two risk factors are depression and stress. A preventive factor is good physical fitness. The aim of this study was to examine how fitness level is associated with depressive and stress levels in elderly with MCI, and to investigate potential gender differences. In total 31 individuals participated. Depressive levels were measured with Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS-S) and stress levels with Shirom Melamed Burnout Questionnaire (SMBQ). To assess fitness level maximal oxygen uptake was measured during an ergospirometry test. The results showed no significant relationship between fitness level and depressive level. Noteworthy was the low prevalence of depressive symptoms in the sample, possibly due to individuals with higher depressive levels declining to participate in the study. The relationship between higher fitness level and lower stress level was of borderline significance. No gender differences were observed. Despite a small sample size, fitness level explained a relatively large share of the variance in stress. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Det behövs kunskap för att förebygga demens i en population med förhöjd risk för demenssjukdom. Minimal Cognitive Impairment (MCI) är ett förstadium till demens, men långt ifrån alla med MCI insjuknar. Genom att förstå utlösande faktorer för demens i denna population kan förebyggande arbete effektiviseras. Två identifierade riskfaktorer är depression och stress. En förebyggande faktor är god kondition. Syftet med aktuell studie var att studera samband mellan konditionsnivå och depressivitets- respektive stressnivå hos äldre individer med MCI, samt undersöka om det fanns skillnader mellan män och kvinnor. Totalt deltog 31 individer. För att mäta depressivitets- respektive stressnivå användes Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale... (More)
Det behövs kunskap för att förebygga demens i en population med förhöjd risk för demenssjukdom. Minimal Cognitive Impairment (MCI) är ett förstadium till demens, men långt ifrån alla med MCI insjuknar. Genom att förstå utlösande faktorer för demens i denna population kan förebyggande arbete effektiviseras. Två identifierade riskfaktorer är depression och stress. En förebyggande faktor är god kondition. Syftet med aktuell studie var att studera samband mellan konditionsnivå och depressivitets- respektive stressnivå hos äldre individer med MCI, samt undersöka om det fanns skillnader mellan män och kvinnor. Totalt deltog 31 individer. För att mäta depressivitets- respektive stressnivå användes Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS-S) respektive Shirom Melamed Burnout Questionnaire (SMBQ). Maximal syreupptagningsförmåga användes som konditionsmått och testades genom ett ergospirometritest. Resultatet visade inget signifikant samband mellan konditionsnivå och depressivitet. Anmärkningsvärt var den låga prevalensen av depressivitet i urvalet, vilket möjligen kan bero på att mer depressiva individer avstod från att delta i studien. Sambandet mellan högre konditionsnivå och lägre stressnivå var på gränsen till signifikant, men inga könsskillnader observerades. Trots ett litet urval förklarade kondition en relativt stor andel av variansen i stress. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Enocson, Charlott LU and Jacobson, Andrea LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSYK11 20152
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Minimal Cognitive Impairment (MCI), depressivitet, stress, kondition, äldre, depression, physical fitness, elderly
language
Swedish
id
8625760
date added to LUP
2016-02-15 16:05:49
date last changed
2016-02-15 16:05:50
@misc{8625760,
  abstract     = {Knowledge is needed to prevent dementia in a population with an increasing risk to develop dementia. Minimal Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is a preliminary stage to dementia, but not everyone with MCI fall ill. By understanding possible triggers for dementia preventive work could become more effective. Two risk factors are depression and stress. A preventive factor is good physical fitness. The aim of this study was to examine how fitness level is associated with depressive and stress levels in elderly with MCI, and to investigate potential gender differences. In total 31 individuals participated. Depressive levels were measured with Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS-S) and stress levels with Shirom Melamed Burnout Questionnaire (SMBQ). To assess fitness level maximal oxygen uptake was measured during an ergospirometry test. The results showed no significant relationship between fitness level and depressive level. Noteworthy was the low prevalence of depressive symptoms in the sample, possibly due to individuals with higher depressive levels declining to participate in the study. The relationship between higher fitness level and lower stress level was of borderline significance. No gender differences were observed. Despite a small sample size, fitness level explained a relatively large share of the variance in stress.},
  author       = {Enocson, Charlott and Jacobson, Andrea},
  keyword      = {Minimal Cognitive Impairment (MCI),depressivitet,stress,kondition,äldre,depression,physical fitness,elderly},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Samband mellan kondition och depressivitet respektive stress hos äldre med Minimal Cognitive Impairment},
  year         = {2016},
}