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Modeling and Control of the Ball and Beam Process

Virseda, Marta (2004) In MSc Theses
Department of Automatic Control
Abstract
One of the most difficult problems that an engineer who works with modeling deals with, is the question about how to translate a physical phenomenon into a set of equations. It is usually difficult to capture all dynamics and phenomena, so one usually strives for a set of equations that describes the physical system approximately and adequately with the accuracy for the purpose. In our case, we model the dynamics relevant for control design. The topic of this thesis was to do an in-depth study of the Ball and Beam process. Two different experimental implementation of the Ball and Beam process have been considered, both available at the course lab at the Department of Automatic Control, Lund. The first step consisted of deriving the... (More)
One of the most difficult problems that an engineer who works with modeling deals with, is the question about how to translate a physical phenomenon into a set of equations. It is usually difficult to capture all dynamics and phenomena, so one usually strives for a set of equations that describes the physical system approximately and adequately with the accuracy for the purpose. In our case, we model the dynamics relevant for control design. The topic of this thesis was to do an in-depth study of the Ball and Beam process. Two different experimental implementation of the Ball and Beam process have been considered, both available at the course lab at the Department of Automatic Control, Lund. The first step consisted of deriving the equations of motion, that is, to do the mathematical modeling of the process. In order to implement this model Modelica has been used. Modelica, which is a powerful language for modeling of physical systems, uses the tool Dymola. Another model was designed also with Modelica but with the help of the extension of the multi body library, which uses a methodology based on object orientation and symbolic manipulation of equations. With this last model it was possible to visualize an animation in real time 3D. The following step of the project was to do control design for the different models. The obtained simulations were shown in Dymola and Simulink. Finally experiments on the real process were developed, based on vision feedback. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Virseda, Marta
supervisor
organization
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
Modeling, control, object-oriented modeling
publication/series
MSc Theses
report number
TFRT-5736
ISSN
0280-5316
language
English
id
8848046
date added to LUP
2016-03-18 19:01:52
date last changed
2016-03-18 19:01:52
@misc{8848046,
  abstract     = {One of the most difficult problems that an engineer who works with modeling deals with, is the question about how to translate a physical phenomenon into a set of equations. It is usually difficult to capture all dynamics and phenomena, so one usually strives for a set of equations that describes the physical system approximately and adequately with the accuracy for the purpose. In our case, we model the dynamics relevant for control design. The topic of this thesis was to do an in-depth study of the Ball and Beam process. Two different experimental implementation of the Ball and Beam process have been considered, both available at the course lab at the Department of Automatic Control, Lund. The first step consisted of deriving the equations of motion, that is, to do the mathematical modeling of the process. In order to implement this model Modelica has been used. Modelica, which is a powerful language for modeling of physical systems, uses the tool Dymola. Another model was designed also with Modelica but with the help of the extension of the multi body library, which uses a methodology based on object orientation and symbolic manipulation of equations. With this last model it was possible to visualize an animation in real time 3D. The following step of the project was to do control design for the different models. The obtained simulations were shown in Dymola and Simulink. Finally experiments on the real process were developed, based on vision feedback.},
  author       = {Virseda, Marta},
  issn         = {0280-5316},
  keyword      = {Modeling,control,object-oriented modeling},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {MSc Theses},
  title        = {Modeling and Control of the Ball and Beam Process},
  year         = {2004},
}