Advanced

Barnkonventionen som svensk lag -- för barnets bästa?

Palmqvist, Thea LU (2016) LAGF03 20161
Faculty of Law
Department of Law
Abstract
In February 2016 The Inquiry on the rights of the child handed over a proposal for an act on incorporating the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) into Swedish law. The purpose of this essay has been to illuminate this proposal in view of the principle of the best interests of the child, and the question at issue has been if the principle would get affected of incorporation, and in that case how. Emphasis has been given to the best interests of the child as it is stipulated in chapter 6 of the Parental Code regarding custody, residence and access.

In both the CRC and chapter 6 of the Parental Code, the best interests of the child is a flexible principle with certain stated guidelines. Largely the definitions are alike.... (More)
In February 2016 The Inquiry on the rights of the child handed over a proposal for an act on incorporating the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) into Swedish law. The purpose of this essay has been to illuminate this proposal in view of the principle of the best interests of the child, and the question at issue has been if the principle would get affected of incorporation, and in that case how. Emphasis has been given to the best interests of the child as it is stipulated in chapter 6 of the Parental Code regarding custody, residence and access.

In both the CRC and chapter 6 of the Parental Code, the best interests of the child is a flexible principle with certain stated guidelines. Largely the definitions are alike. However, the best interests of the child has capacity as a general principle in the CRC and composes a threefold concept: it is both a substantive right, an interpretative principle and a rule of procedure. Furthermore, the right of the child to be heard has been pointed out as crucial for the meaning and assessment of the principle. Swedish law only consider the will of the child as a part of the assessment taken as a whole, and the right of the child to be heard can also be restricted in different manners.

Incorporation would imply that the CRC became applicable as Swedish law, which is relatively rare in Sweden. Foremost, the juridical arguments in the debate have appeared to derive from a child’s perspective and have therefore been the most relevant arguments for the question at issue. Based on how the best interests of the child is defined and assessed, together with occurring arguments in the debate, it is possible that incorporation would imply that the best interests of the child would be considered more as a general principle, like in the CRC, and therefore influence more legal areas. Regarding the best interests of the child in chapter 6 of the Parental Code, incorporation would possibly imply a renewed way of assessment. In the CRC the right of the child to be heard possesses a greater and more independent function, and it is possible that this approach would get acknowledgement in Swedish law after incorporation. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
I februari 2016 lämnade Barnrättighetsutredningen förslag på hur barnkonventionen ska inkorporeras i svensk rätt. Uppsatsens syfte har varit att belysa detta förslag utifrån principen om barnets bästa, och dess frågeställning har varit om principen om barnets bästa skulle påverkas av en inkorporering, och i så fall hur. Fokus har legat på betydelsen av barnets bästa i 6 kap. föräldrabalken (FB) gällande vårdnad, boende och umgänge.

I både barnkonventionen och 6 kap. FB är barnets bästa ett flexibelt begrepp med vissa angivna utgångspunkter. I stort liknar definitionerna varandra. I barnkonventionen ses dock barnets bästa som en grundprincip för hela konventionen, och utgör ett tredimensionellt begrepp: barnets bästa är både en... (More)
I februari 2016 lämnade Barnrättighetsutredningen förslag på hur barnkonventionen ska inkorporeras i svensk rätt. Uppsatsens syfte har varit att belysa detta förslag utifrån principen om barnets bästa, och dess frågeställning har varit om principen om barnets bästa skulle påverkas av en inkorporering, och i så fall hur. Fokus har legat på betydelsen av barnets bästa i 6 kap. föräldrabalken (FB) gällande vårdnad, boende och umgänge.

I både barnkonventionen och 6 kap. FB är barnets bästa ett flexibelt begrepp med vissa angivna utgångspunkter. I stort liknar definitionerna varandra. I barnkonventionen ses dock barnets bästa som en grundprincip för hela konventionen, och utgör ett tredimensionellt begrepp: barnets bästa är både en materiell rättighet, en tolkningsprincip och ett tillvägagångssätt. Barnets rätt att komma till tals har påpekats särskilt viktig för principens betydelse och bedömning. I svensk rätt är barnets vilja endast en del av en helhetsbedömning och barnets rätt att komma till tals kan villkoras på olika sätt.

En inkorporering skulle innebära att konventionen blir direkt gällande som svensk lag, vilket är relativt ovanligt i Sverige. Främst har debattens juridiska argument visat sig utgå från ett barnperspektiv och således varit mest relevanta för frågeställningen. Baserat på hur barnets bästa definieras och bedöms enligt svensk rätt och barnkonventionen, samt förekommande argument i debatten, kan tänkas att en inkorporering skulle innebära att barnets bästa skulle betraktas mer som en övergripande grundprincip, som i barnkonventionen, och således få genomslag på fler rättsområden. Vad gäller barnets bästa i 6 kap. FB skulle en inkorporering kunna innebära ett förnyat bedömningssätt. I barnkonventionen intar barnets rätt att komma till tals en starkare och mer självständig roll än den gör i svensk lagstiftning och rättstillämpning, och det kan tänkas att detta synsätt skulle anammas i svensk rätt. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Palmqvist, Thea LU
supervisor
organization
course
LAGF03 20161
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Familjerätt, Barnkonventionen, Inkorporering, Barnets bästa, Barnets rätt att komma till tals, Införlivandemetoder, SOU 2016:19
language
Swedish
id
8873872
date added to LUP
2016-07-04 08:39:08
date last changed
2016-07-04 08:39:08
@misc{8873872,
  abstract     = {In February 2016 The Inquiry on the rights of the child handed over a proposal for an act on incorporating the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) into Swedish law. The purpose of this essay has been to illuminate this proposal in view of the principle of the best interests of the child, and the question at issue has been if the principle would get affected of incorporation, and in that case how. Emphasis has been given to the best interests of the child as it is stipulated in chapter 6 of the Parental Code regarding custody, residence and access.

In both the CRC and chapter 6 of the Parental Code, the best interests of the child is a flexible principle with certain stated guidelines. Largely the definitions are alike. However, the best interests of the child has capacity as a general principle in the CRC and composes a threefold concept: it is both a substantive right, an interpretative principle and a rule of procedure. Furthermore, the right of the child to be heard has been pointed out as crucial for the meaning and assessment of the principle. Swedish law only consider the will of the child as a part of the assessment taken as a whole, and the right of the child to be heard can also be restricted in different manners. 

Incorporation would imply that the CRC became applicable as Swedish law, which is relatively rare in Sweden. Foremost, the juridical arguments in the debate have appeared to derive from a child’s perspective and have therefore been the most relevant arguments for the question at issue. Based on how the best interests of the child is defined and assessed, together with occurring arguments in the debate, it is possible that incorporation would imply that the best interests of the child would be considered more as a general principle, like in the CRC, and therefore influence more legal areas. Regarding the best interests of the child in chapter 6 of the Parental Code, incorporation would possibly imply a renewed way of assessment. In the CRC the right of the child to be heard possesses a greater and more independent function, and it is possible that this approach would get acknowledgement in Swedish law after incorporation.},
  author       = {Palmqvist, Thea},
  keyword      = {Familjerätt,Barnkonventionen,Inkorporering,Barnets bästa,Barnets rätt att komma till tals,Införlivandemetoder,SOU 2016:19},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Barnkonventionen som svensk lag -- för barnets bästa?},
  year         = {2016},
}