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Responsibility to protect - En analys av skyldigheten att skydda

Johnsson, Jacob LU (2016) LAGF03 20161
Department of Law
Faculty of Law
Abstract
Humanitarian interventions, that is to say military interventions in a state, without its permission, to protect the population’s human rights, have during the past decades been controversial. The advocates of the interventions regard it as everyone’s duty to help humans in need. The interventions’ critics argue that the interventions are a violation of one cornerstone of the international law, the principle of non-intervention.

In 2001, International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty introduced the report The responsibility to protect. The report is based on the notion of a primary and a secondary responsibility to protect the human rights. According to the report, each and every state has a primary responsibility to... (More)
Humanitarian interventions, that is to say military interventions in a state, without its permission, to protect the population’s human rights, have during the past decades been controversial. The advocates of the interventions regard it as everyone’s duty to help humans in need. The interventions’ critics argue that the interventions are a violation of one cornerstone of the international law, the principle of non-intervention.

In 2001, International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty introduced the report The responsibility to protect. The report is based on the notion of a primary and a secondary responsibility to protect the human rights. According to the report, each and every state has a primary responsibility to protect its population. If the state in question is unwilling or unable to fulfil this responsibility, the international community has a secondary responsibility to assist the state to protect its population.

In order to be able to unite Responsibility to protect with state sovereignty, a more modern definition of sovereignty is used in the report. According to this definition the state is required to look after its population’s human rights, for the sovereignty to be legitimate. In 2005, Responsibility to protect was adopted by the UN General Assembly, after the removal of several of the report’s key components.

In Syria, one of the largest humanitarian crises of our time is taking place, with about half a million casualties. The Security Council has yet to authorize a military intervention to halt the crisis.

The aim of this essay is to analyse the role of the Responsibility to protect doctrine in the international law and in relation to the conflict in Syria. In conclusion, this essay finds that the adopted version of the Responsibility to protect is a lot less far-reaching than the original report, and is today not much more than a vague political ambition. In the Security Council’s handling of the Syria conflict it is evident that realpolitik is still being prioritized over human rights. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Humanitära interventioner, alltså militära ingripanden i en stat utan dess samtycke för att skydda befolkningens mänskliga rättigheter, har under de senaste årtiondena varit omdiskuterade. Interventionernas förespråkare menar att vi alla har en moralisk skyldighet att hjälpa människor i nöd. De som är kritiska till interventionerna menar att dessa innebär en kränkning av en av folkrättens hörnstenar, principen om non-intervention.

År 2001 lanserade International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty rapporten The Responsibility to protect. Rapporten baseras på tanken om ett primärt och ett sekundärt ansvar att skydda de mänskliga rättigheterna. Varje stat har enligt rapporten ett primärt ansvar att skydda sin befolkning. Är... (More)
Humanitära interventioner, alltså militära ingripanden i en stat utan dess samtycke för att skydda befolkningens mänskliga rättigheter, har under de senaste årtiondena varit omdiskuterade. Interventionernas förespråkare menar att vi alla har en moralisk skyldighet att hjälpa människor i nöd. De som är kritiska till interventionerna menar att dessa innebär en kränkning av en av folkrättens hörnstenar, principen om non-intervention.

År 2001 lanserade International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty rapporten The Responsibility to protect. Rapporten baseras på tanken om ett primärt och ett sekundärt ansvar att skydda de mänskliga rättigheterna. Varje stat har enligt rapporten ett primärt ansvar att skydda sin befolkning. Är staten inkapabel eller ovillig att efterleva denna skyldighet har världssamfundet ett sekundärt ansvar att hjälpa staten att skydda sin befolkning.

För att kunna förena Responsibility to protect med statssuveräniteten används i rapporten en modernare definition av begreppet suveränitet. Enligt denna modernare definition av suveränitet krävs det av den suveräna staten att tillgodose sin befolknings mänskliga rättigheter för att suveräniteten ska vara legitim. Responsibility to protect antogs av FN:s generalförsamling år 2005, efter att flera av rapportens nyckeldelar tagits bort.

I Syrien pågår en av vår tids största humanitära katastrofer med omkring en halv miljon dödsoffer. Säkerhetsrådet har ännu inte auktoriserat en militär intervention för att få stopp på katastrofen.

Uppsatsen syftar till att analysera Responsibility to protect-doktrinens roll inom folkrätten och i förhållande till konflikten i Syrien. Slutsatsen av analysen är att den antagna versionen av Responsibility to protect är mycket mindre långtgående än den ursprungliga rapporten och är idag i stort sett endast en vag politisk målsättning. I säkerhetsrådets hantering av Syrienkonflikten är det tydligt att realpolitik fortfarande prioriteras framför mänskliga rättigheter. (Less)
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author
Johnsson, Jacob LU
supervisor
organization
course
LAGF03 20161
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Folkrätt, Responisibility to protect, R2P
language
Swedish
id
8874399
date added to LUP
2016-07-04 11:50:54
date last changed
2016-07-04 11:50:54
@misc{8874399,
  abstract     = {Humanitarian interventions, that is to say military interventions in a state, without its permission, to protect the population’s human rights, have during the past decades been controversial. The advocates of the interventions regard it as everyone’s duty to help humans in need. The interventions’ critics argue that the interventions are a violation of one cornerstone of the international law, the principle of non-intervention. 

In 2001, International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty introduced the report The responsibility to protect. The report is based on the notion of a primary and a secondary responsibility to protect the human rights. According to the report, each and every state has a primary responsibility to protect its population. If the state in question is unwilling or unable to fulfil this responsibility, the international community has a secondary responsibility to assist the state to protect its population. 

In order to be able to unite Responsibility to protect with state sovereignty, a more modern definition of sovereignty is used in the report. According to this definition the state is required to look after its population’s human rights, for the sovereignty to be legitimate. In 2005, Responsibility to protect was adopted by the UN General Assembly, after the removal of several of the report’s key components. 

In Syria, one of the largest humanitarian crises of our time is taking place, with about half a million casualties. The Security Council has yet to authorize a military intervention to halt the crisis. 

The aim of this essay is to analyse the role of the Responsibility to protect doctrine in the international law and in relation to the conflict in Syria. In conclusion, this essay finds that the adopted version of the Responsibility to protect is a lot less far-reaching than the original report, and is today not much more than a vague political ambition. In the Security Council’s handling of the Syria conflict it is evident that realpolitik is still being prioritized over human rights.},
  author       = {Johnsson, Jacob},
  keyword      = {Folkrätt,Responisibility to protect,R2P},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Responsibility to protect - En analys av skyldigheten att skydda},
  year         = {2016},
}