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Kostnadseffektivitet för utvärdering av välgörenhetsorganisationer inom hälsa

Larsson, Julia LU and Turesson, Emmy LU (2016) NEKN05 20161
Department of Economics
Abstract
This study reviews cost effectiveness figures of health interventions against malaria and intestinal worms, in order to investigate how trustworthy and accurate the estimates are. The figures, measured as cost per Disability Adjusted Life Year (DALY) averted, lay the ground for the ranking of three charities based on cost effectiveness. This ranking is then being compared with the organization GiveWell’s ranking based on more criteria. The method used shows that the ranking remains the same for almost all reviewed outcomes. A meta-regression based on malaria studies was also conducted with the purpose of finding connections between the result of a cost effectiveness analysis and the method used. The regression shows that using non uniform... (More)
This study reviews cost effectiveness figures of health interventions against malaria and intestinal worms, in order to investigate how trustworthy and accurate the estimates are. The figures, measured as cost per Disability Adjusted Life Year (DALY) averted, lay the ground for the ranking of three charities based on cost effectiveness. This ranking is then being compared with the organization GiveWell’s ranking based on more criteria. The method used shows that the ranking remains the same for almost all reviewed outcomes. A meta-regression based on malaria studies was also conducted with the purpose of finding connections between the result of a cost effectiveness analysis and the method used. The regression shows that using non uniform age-weighting significantly impact calculated cost effectiveness. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Denna studie granskar publicerade kostnadseffektivitetsmått för malaria- och avmasknings-interventioner i syfte att utreda hur trovärdiga och fullständiga uppskattningarna är. Måtten, vilka uttrycks som kostnad per avvärjt funktionsjusterat levnadsår (DALY), utgör grunden för en rangordning av tre välgörenhetsorganisationer baserat på kostnadseffektivitet. Denna rangordning visar sig vara identisk med organisationen GiveWell:s rangordning utifrån fler kriterier i näst intill samtliga studerade utfall. Utöver detta utfördes även en metaregression på malariastudier i syfte att undersöka eventuella samband mellan kostnadseffektivitetsanalysens resultat och dess inkluderade faktorer. Regressionen visar att tillämpning av icke-uniform... (More)
Denna studie granskar publicerade kostnadseffektivitetsmått för malaria- och avmasknings-interventioner i syfte att utreda hur trovärdiga och fullständiga uppskattningarna är. Måtten, vilka uttrycks som kostnad per avvärjt funktionsjusterat levnadsår (DALY), utgör grunden för en rangordning av tre välgörenhetsorganisationer baserat på kostnadseffektivitet. Denna rangordning visar sig vara identisk med organisationen GiveWell:s rangordning utifrån fler kriterier i näst intill samtliga studerade utfall. Utöver detta utfördes även en metaregression på malariastudier i syfte att undersöka eventuella samband mellan kostnadseffektivitetsanalysens resultat och dess inkluderade faktorer. Regressionen visar att tillämpning av icke-uniform åldersviktning signifikant påverkar redovisad kostnadseffektivitet. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Larsson, Julia LU and Turesson, Emmy LU
supervisor
organization
course
NEKN05 20161
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
DALY, GiveWell, hälsointerventioner, kostnadseffektivitet, välgörenhetsorganisationer
language
Swedish
id
8875892
date added to LUP
2016-06-22 13:16:53
date last changed
2016-06-22 13:16:53
@misc{8875892,
  abstract     = {This study reviews cost effectiveness figures of health interventions against malaria and intestinal worms, in order to investigate how trustworthy and accurate the estimates are. The figures, measured as cost per Disability Adjusted Life Year (DALY) averted, lay the ground for the ranking of three charities based on cost effectiveness. This ranking is then being compared with the organization GiveWell’s ranking based on more criteria. The method used shows that the ranking remains the same for almost all reviewed outcomes. A meta-regression based on malaria studies was also conducted with the purpose of finding connections between the result of a cost effectiveness analysis and the method used. The regression shows that using non uniform age-weighting significantly impact calculated cost effectiveness.},
  author       = {Larsson, Julia and Turesson, Emmy},
  keyword      = {DALY,GiveWell,hälsointerventioner,kostnadseffektivitet,välgörenhetsorganisationer},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Kostnadseffektivitet för utvärdering av välgörenhetsorganisationer inom hälsa},
  year         = {2016},
}