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Waste to Energy: an alternate energy source for Ghana

Ofori, Grace Maa-Laje LU (2016) EKHM51 20161
Department of Economic History
Abstract
For the past three to four years, Ghana has experienced an energy crisis which has resulted in frequent power outages. Although water levels in the main Akosombo dam has been low, electricity generation from hydro has not declined but steadily increasing pointing to efficiency in generation. However inefficiencies in grid transmission coupled with decline in thermal generation of electricity from natural gas has led to the state the country currently finds itself. An alternative way to solve these problems and introduce the country to a more sustainable renewable energy that is environmentally friendly and encourages decentralized electrification is generating energy from waste. About 8.7 million households in urban areas or 12 million... (More)
For the past three to four years, Ghana has experienced an energy crisis which has resulted in frequent power outages. Although water levels in the main Akosombo dam has been low, electricity generation from hydro has not declined but steadily increasing pointing to efficiency in generation. However inefficiencies in grid transmission coupled with decline in thermal generation of electricity from natural gas has led to the state the country currently finds itself. An alternative way to solve these problems and introduce the country to a more sustainable renewable energy that is environmentally friendly and encourages decentralized electrification is generating energy from waste. About 8.7 million households in urban areas or 12 million rural households can have their monthly consumption of electricity covered with the use of an estimated 2,975.6 million m3CH4 biogas that can be technically produced from municipal solid and liquid waste, forestry residues, animal manure and crop residues. If the total estimated energy potential is channeled to the industrial sector, it can cover twice their annual electricity consumption.
Given the current waste to energy profile, there is the need to put up a framework that will encourage the generation of energy from waste. (Less)
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author
Ofori, Grace Maa-Laje LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHM51 20161
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
Waste, energy, anaerobic digestion, electricity, biogas, Ghana
language
English
id
8881431
date added to LUP
2016-06-22 13:36:02
date last changed
2016-06-22 13:36:02
@misc{8881431,
  abstract     = {For the past three to four years, Ghana has experienced an energy crisis which has resulted in frequent power outages. Although water levels in the main Akosombo dam has been low, electricity generation from hydro has not declined but steadily increasing pointing to efficiency in generation. However inefficiencies in grid transmission coupled with decline in thermal generation of electricity from natural gas has led to the state the country currently finds itself. An alternative way to solve these problems and introduce the country to a more sustainable renewable energy that is environmentally friendly and encourages decentralized electrification is generating energy from waste. About 8.7 million households in urban areas or 12 million rural households can have their monthly consumption of electricity covered with the use of an estimated 2,975.6 million m3CH4 biogas that can be technically produced from municipal solid and liquid waste, forestry residues, animal manure and crop residues. If the total estimated energy potential is channeled to the industrial sector, it can cover twice their annual electricity consumption. 
Given the current waste to energy profile, there is the need to put up a framework that will encourage the generation of energy from waste.},
  author       = {Ofori, Grace Maa-Laje},
  keyword      = {Waste,energy,anaerobic digestion,electricity,biogas,Ghana},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Waste to Energy: an alternate energy source for Ghana},
  year         = {2016},
}