Advanced

Determinants of Child Poverty in Uruguay: The impact of gender inequality

Perez Martinez, Paula Tatiana LU (2016) EKHM52 20161
Department of Economic History
Abstract
The objective of this thesis is to examine the response of child poverty to
wage and educational gender gaps within the household. The analysis combined
household level longitudinal data, from Uruguay’s Continuous Household Survey
carried on in 2012 and 2013, with the survey of Nutrition, Child Development and
Health conducted in the country in the same years. We use two different models to
estimate these linkages: a Probit model based on the income measurement of poverty, and a Logit model based on a multidimensional measurement of deprivations. Child poverty, both considered as an income constraint or deprivation, responds strongly to changes in wage and educational gender gaps, although the effects are larger in the first case. We... (More)
The objective of this thesis is to examine the response of child poverty to
wage and educational gender gaps within the household. The analysis combined
household level longitudinal data, from Uruguay’s Continuous Household Survey
carried on in 2012 and 2013, with the survey of Nutrition, Child Development and
Health conducted in the country in the same years. We use two different models to
estimate these linkages: a Probit model based on the income measurement of poverty, and a Logit model based on a multidimensional measurement of deprivations. Child poverty, both considered as an income constraint or deprivation, responds strongly to changes in wage and educational gender gaps, although the effects are larger in the first case. We find a strong and significant effect of parental education and labour status, especially for females, on child poverty. The study then calls for policy measures in favour of increasing opportunities in the labour market for women, and educational opportunities for adults in general, as an imperative tool to lower child poverty rates in the country. (Less)
Popular Abstract
The objective of this thesis is to examine the response of child poverty to
wage and educational gender gaps within the household. The analysis combined
household level longitudinal data, from Uruguay’s Continuous Household Survey
carried on in 2012 and 2013, with the survey of Nutrition, Child Development and
Health conducted in the country in the same years. We use two different models to
estimate these linkages: a Probit model based on the income measurement of poverty, and a Logit model based on a multidimensional measurement of deprivations. Child poverty, both considered as an income constraint or deprivation, responds strongly to changes in wage and educational gender gaps, although the effects are larger in the first case. We... (More)
The objective of this thesis is to examine the response of child poverty to
wage and educational gender gaps within the household. The analysis combined
household level longitudinal data, from Uruguay’s Continuous Household Survey
carried on in 2012 and 2013, with the survey of Nutrition, Child Development and
Health conducted in the country in the same years. We use two different models to
estimate these linkages: a Probit model based on the income measurement of poverty, and a Logit model based on a multidimensional measurement of deprivations. Child poverty, both considered as an income constraint or deprivation, responds strongly to changes in wage and educational gender gaps, although the effects are larger in the first case. We find a strong and significant effect of parental education and labour status, especially for females, on child poverty. The study then calls for policy measures in favour of increasing opportunities in the labour market for women, and educational opportunities for adults in general, as an imperative tool to lower child poverty rates in the country. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Perez Martinez, Paula Tatiana LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHM52 20161
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Child poverty, gender wage gaps, educational gender gaps
language
English
id
8881827
date added to LUP
2016-06-22 13:31:30
date last changed
2016-06-22 13:31:30
@misc{8881827,
  abstract     = {The objective of this thesis is to examine the response of child poverty to
wage and educational gender gaps within the household. The analysis combined
household level longitudinal data, from Uruguay’s Continuous Household Survey
carried on in 2012 and 2013, with the survey of Nutrition, Child Development and
Health conducted in the country in the same years. We use two different models to
estimate these linkages: a Probit model based on the income measurement of poverty, and a Logit model based on a multidimensional measurement of deprivations. Child poverty, both considered as an income constraint or deprivation, responds strongly to changes in wage and educational gender gaps, although the effects are larger in the first case. We find a strong and significant effect of parental education and labour status, especially for females, on child poverty. The study then calls for policy measures in favour of increasing opportunities in the labour market for women, and educational opportunities for adults in general, as an imperative tool to lower child poverty rates in the country.},
  author       = {Perez Martinez, Paula Tatiana},
  keyword      = {Child poverty,gender wage gaps,educational gender gaps},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Determinants of Child Poverty in Uruguay: The impact of gender inequality},
  year         = {2016},
}