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POLITICIZING PREJUDICE An Investigation into the Historic use of Anti-Haitian Prejudice and Antagonism as a Political Tool in the Dominican Republic

Schlamovitz, Josefine Lund LU (2016) UTVK03 20161
Sociology
Abstract
In the Dominican Republic, residing Haitians and their descendants, emigrated from the neighboring country Haiti, occupy the lowest societal strata. A societal position ascribed to the long and fraught history between the two countries. Their presence has for decades caused great aversion and has officially been labeled anti-Haitianism. Described as a viable political tool for conservatives and nationalists, its early origin, anti-Haitian prejudice and antagonism, is said to go back to colonialism. This thesis investigates the politicization of anti-Haitian prejudice and antagonism in two distinct periods of the Dominican Republic’s history. The thesis is carried out as a research overview. As such, existing literature has been subjected... (More)
In the Dominican Republic, residing Haitians and their descendants, emigrated from the neighboring country Haiti, occupy the lowest societal strata. A societal position ascribed to the long and fraught history between the two countries. Their presence has for decades caused great aversion and has officially been labeled anti-Haitianism. Described as a viable political tool for conservatives and nationalists, its early origin, anti-Haitian prejudice and antagonism, is said to go back to colonialism. This thesis investigates the politicization of anti-Haitian prejudice and antagonism in two distinct periods of the Dominican Republic’s history. The thesis is carried out as a research overview. As such, existing literature has been subjected to a secondary analysis, where an eclectic theoretical framework encompassing multiple theories and concepts that all approach the research area from different perspectives, have been applied. The thesis finds that politicization of anti-Haitian prejudice and antagonism originated during the inception of the Dominican national identity, when Haiti was conceptualized as the necessary different ‘Other’ from which Dominicans could define their difference. This was among other things done through narratives encompassing representational strategies of stereotyping and naturalization which would later be reproduced and exaggerated by the dictatorial regime of Rafael L. Trujillo, who further institutionalized these as a state ideology. The thesis further finds that in both time periods, the politicization of anti-Haitian prejudice and antagonism was a means to reach the objective of two distinct racial projects. (Less)
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author
Schlamovitz, Josefine Lund LU
supervisor
organization
course
UTVK03 20161
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Dominican Republic, Dominican-Haitian relations, Anti-Haitianism, Prejudice, Politicization, National identity, Trujillo
language
English
id
8882514
date added to LUP
2016-06-20 08:13:50
date last changed
2016-06-20 08:13:50
@misc{8882514,
  abstract     = {In the Dominican Republic, residing Haitians and their descendants, emigrated from the neighboring country Haiti, occupy the lowest societal strata. A societal position ascribed to the long and fraught history between the two countries. Their presence has for decades caused great aversion and has officially been labeled anti-Haitianism. Described as a viable political tool for conservatives and nationalists, its early origin, anti-Haitian prejudice and antagonism, is said to go back to colonialism. This thesis investigates the politicization of anti-Haitian prejudice and antagonism in two distinct periods of the Dominican Republic’s history. The thesis is carried out as a research overview. As such, existing literature has been subjected to a secondary analysis, where an eclectic theoretical framework encompassing multiple theories and concepts that all approach the research area from different perspectives, have been applied. The thesis finds that politicization of anti-Haitian prejudice and antagonism originated during the inception of the Dominican national identity, when Haiti was conceptualized as the necessary different ‘Other’ from which Dominicans could define their difference. This was among other things done through narratives encompassing representational strategies of stereotyping and naturalization which would later be reproduced and exaggerated by the dictatorial regime of Rafael L. Trujillo, who further institutionalized these as a state ideology. The thesis further finds that in both time periods, the politicization of anti-Haitian prejudice and antagonism was a means to reach the objective of two distinct racial projects.},
  author       = {Schlamovitz, Josefine Lund},
  keyword      = {Dominican Republic,Dominican-Haitian relations,Anti-Haitianism,Prejudice,Politicization,National identity,Trujillo},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {POLITICIZING PREJUDICE An Investigation into the Historic use of Anti-Haitian Prejudice and Antagonism as a Political Tool in the Dominican Republic},
  year         = {2016},
}