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“Vita kvinnor är till för att gifta sig med, svarta kvinnor är för att sätta i arbete och mulattskor för att älska med” : En kvalitativ studie om kubaners föreställningar gentemot jineteros och jineteras på Kuba

Borras, Sara LU (2016) SOPA63 20161
School of Social Work
Abstract
“Las mujeres blancas son pa’ casarse, las negras pa’ trabajar y las mulatas pa’ hacer el amor”

The aim of this study was to examine Cubans understandings of and attitudes towards the phenomenon jineterismo, and the concepts’ relation to discourses on gender, race and class, in order to develop a broader understanding of the concept and the process of stigmatization of the people engaged in it. The term jineterismo refers to various forms of illegal activities performed by Cubans (called jineteros/jineteras) which all can be linked to international tourism, including sexual and economical relationship with foreign visitors. While some people describe jineterismo as an economic strategy for survival, the Cuban Government perceives the... (More)
“Las mujeres blancas son pa’ casarse, las negras pa’ trabajar y las mulatas pa’ hacer el amor”

The aim of this study was to examine Cubans understandings of and attitudes towards the phenomenon jineterismo, and the concepts’ relation to discourses on gender, race and class, in order to develop a broader understanding of the concept and the process of stigmatization of the people engaged in it. The term jineterismo refers to various forms of illegal activities performed by Cubans (called jineteros/jineteras) which all can be linked to international tourism, including sexual and economical relationship with foreign visitors. While some people describe jineterismo as an economic strategy for survival, the Cuban Government perceives the concept as prostitution and a social problem that need to be eliminated. Thus, the Cuban Government and Cuban Women Federation, that state that jineteros/jineteras are immoral and a shame to the country, are stigmatizing them. The study is implemented in Havana, Cuba during the spring 2016 and included qualitative interviews and observations with young Cubans that Cuban society labels as jineteros/jineteras as well as Cuban social workers. The empiric material is interpreted from theoretical perspectives such as intersectional theory and postcolonial theory. The study has shown that jineterismo is a complex set of relationships, activities and identities that can not be specified, but which sometimes includes economic, sexual or loving relationships between people with different cultural, national and socio-economic backgrounds. The analysis distinguishes different explanations for the phenomenon's existence and causes of the stigma that is attached to the people perceived as jineteros/jineteras. The result of the study implies that many Cubans are being stigmatized due to their gender, race and class, and that this can be explained as a result of the Cuban society’s dominant gender roles and patriarchal system as well as of the post-colonial heritage. For that reason, I argue for the inclusion of the intersectional relationship between gender, race and class in the analysis of jineterismo, since it functions as a tool to maintain injustice, as well as other influences such as colonialism and society's gender processes. (Less)
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author
Borras, Sara LU
supervisor
organization
course
SOPA63 20161
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Jineterismo, jineteros, jineteras, prostitution, sex tourism, Cuba, gender, race, stigma, stigmatization, the Caribbean, self-perception
language
Swedish
id
8889385
date added to LUP
2016-09-02 09:20:41
date last changed
2016-09-02 09:20:41
@misc{8889385,
  abstract     = {“Las mujeres blancas son pa’ casarse, las negras pa’ trabajar y las mulatas pa’ hacer el amor”

The aim of this study was to examine Cubans understandings of and attitudes towards the phenomenon jineterismo, and the concepts’ relation to discourses on gender, race and class, in order to develop a broader understanding of the concept and the process of stigmatization of the people engaged in it. The term jineterismo refers to various forms of illegal activities performed by Cubans (called jineteros/jineteras) which all can be linked to international tourism, including sexual and economical relationship with foreign visitors. While some people describe jineterismo as an economic strategy for survival, the Cuban Government perceives the concept as prostitution and a social problem that need to be eliminated. Thus, the Cuban Government and Cuban Women Federation, that state that jineteros/jineteras are immoral and a shame to the country, are stigmatizing them. The study is implemented in Havana, Cuba during the spring 2016 and included qualitative interviews and observations with young Cubans that Cuban society labels as jineteros/jineteras as well as Cuban social workers. The empiric material is interpreted from theoretical perspectives such as intersectional theory and postcolonial theory. The study has shown that jineterismo is a complex set of relationships, activities and identities that can not be specified, but which sometimes includes economic, sexual or loving relationships between people with different cultural, national and socio-economic backgrounds. The analysis distinguishes different explanations for the phenomenon's existence and causes of the stigma that is attached to the people perceived as jineteros/jineteras. The result of the study implies that many Cubans are being stigmatized due to their gender, race and class, and that this can be explained as a result of the Cuban society’s dominant gender roles and patriarchal system as well as of the post-colonial heritage. For that reason, I argue for the inclusion of the intersectional relationship between gender, race and class in the analysis of jineterismo, since it functions as a tool to maintain injustice, as well as other influences such as colonialism and society's gender processes.},
  author       = {Borras, Sara},
  keyword      = {Jineterismo,jineteros,jineteras,prostitution,sex tourism,Cuba,gender,race,stigma,stigmatization,the Caribbean,self-perception},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {“Vita kvinnor är till för att gifta sig med, svarta kvinnor är för att sätta i arbete och mulattskor för att älska med” : En kvalitativ studie om kubaners föreställningar gentemot jineteros och jineteras på Kuba},
  year         = {2016},
}