Advanced

The Impact of Pre-Primary Enrolment on Maternal Labour Supply in South Africa

Wallström, Erik LU (2016) NEKN01 20161
Department of Economics
Abstract
I provide evidence on the impact of pre-primary school expansion on maternal labour supply in the context of South Africa. I draw on administrative data from the South African National Census in 2001 and 2011, and a Community Survey in 2007, to extract household information. My identification strategy exploits the staggered timing and intensity in the expansion of pre-primary school facilities across municipalities in an instrumental-variables regression. I find a robust impact from the implicit child care subsidy induced by the expansion on maternal labour supply ranging from 10.4% to 13.7%. My findings suggest that early childhood development reforms aimed at raising pre-primary enrolment rates can go beyond the scope of the child,... (More)
I provide evidence on the impact of pre-primary school expansion on maternal labour supply in the context of South Africa. I draw on administrative data from the South African National Census in 2001 and 2011, and a Community Survey in 2007, to extract household information. My identification strategy exploits the staggered timing and intensity in the expansion of pre-primary school facilities across municipalities in an instrumental-variables regression. I find a robust impact from the implicit child care subsidy induced by the expansion on maternal labour supply ranging from 10.4% to 13.7%. My findings suggest that early childhood development reforms aimed at raising pre-primary enrolment rates can go beyond the scope of the child, raising incentives for women to actively take part in the labour market. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Wallström, Erik LU
supervisor
organization
course
NEKN01 20161
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
language
English
id
8889984
date added to LUP
2016-09-09 14:02:12
date last changed
2016-09-09 14:02:12
@misc{8889984,
  abstract     = {I provide evidence on the impact of pre-primary school expansion on maternal labour supply in the context of South Africa. I draw on administrative data from the South African National Census in 2001 and 2011, and a Community Survey in 2007, to extract household information. My identification strategy exploits the staggered timing and intensity in the expansion of pre-primary school facilities across municipalities in an instrumental-variables regression. I find a robust impact from the implicit child care subsidy induced by the expansion on maternal labour supply ranging from 10.4% to 13.7%. My findings suggest that early childhood development reforms aimed at raising pre-primary enrolment rates can go beyond the scope of the child, raising incentives for women to actively take part in the labour market.},
  author       = {Wallström, Erik},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {The Impact of Pre-Primary Enrolment on Maternal Labour Supply in South Africa},
  year         = {2016},
}