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Institutionalization before Liberalization theory tested on Côte d'Ivoire

Hemche Billberg, Benjamin LU and Söndergaard, Frederik (2017) STVA22 20162
Department of Political Science
Abstract
Following the election of 2010, Côte d’Ivoire suffered through “La Crise”, a civil war
which lasted until 2011 and came only a few years after the end of the first Ivoirian civil war. In 2015, Côte d’Ivoire held an election without an eruption of violence. This study attempts to explain why using Roland Paris’ Institutionalization Before Liberalization theory, which focuses on the dangers of liberalization, arguing that political liberalization can lead to violence if the country has not gone through an institutionalization process. The purpose is to test the IBL-theory on a new case by conducting the same focused analysis of the country in the years before both elections. This study found that the electoral design had not changed, and... (More)
Following the election of 2010, Côte d’Ivoire suffered through “La Crise”, a civil war
which lasted until 2011 and came only a few years after the end of the first Ivoirian civil war. In 2015, Côte d’Ivoire held an election without an eruption of violence. This study attempts to explain why using Roland Paris’ Institutionalization Before Liberalization theory, which focuses on the dangers of liberalization, arguing that political liberalization can lead to violence if the country has not gone through an institutionalization process. The purpose is to test the IBL-theory on a new case by conducting the same focused analysis of the country in the years before both elections. This study found that the electoral design had not changed, and therefore could not explain the peaceful outcome of the 2015 election. However, notable changes were discovered regarding the electoral institutions as well as the civil society. This study also examines if other variables, omitted by IBL, can explain the successful elections, and formulates a brief criticism of the theory. (Less)
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author
Hemche Billberg, Benjamin LU and Söndergaard, Frederik
supervisor
organization
course
STVA22 20162
year
type
L2 - 2nd term paper (old degree order)
subject
keywords
institutionalization., peacebuilding, Liberal peace, IBL, Ivory Coast, Côte d’Ivoire
language
English
id
8896760
date added to LUP
2017-02-08 15:54:38
date last changed
2017-02-08 15:54:38
@misc{8896760,
  abstract     = {Following the election of 2010, Côte d’Ivoire suffered through “La Crise”, a civil war
which lasted until 2011 and came only a few years after the end of the first Ivoirian civil war. In 2015, Côte d’Ivoire held an election without an eruption of violence. This study attempts to explain why using Roland Paris’ Institutionalization Before Liberalization theory, which focuses on the dangers of liberalization, arguing that political liberalization can lead to violence if the country has not gone through an institutionalization process. The purpose is to test the IBL-theory on a new case by conducting the same focused analysis of the country in the years before both elections. This study found that the electoral design had not changed, and therefore could not explain the peaceful outcome of the 2015 election. However, notable changes were discovered regarding the electoral institutions as well as the civil society. This study also examines if other variables, omitted by IBL, can explain the successful elections, and formulates a brief criticism of the theory.},
  author       = {Hemche Billberg, Benjamin and Söndergaard, Frederik},
  keyword      = {institutionalization.,peacebuilding,Liberal peace,IBL,Ivory Coast,Côte d’Ivoire},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Institutionalization before Liberalization theory tested on Côte d'Ivoire},
  year         = {2017},
}