Advanced

Monitoring of Santorini (Greece) volcano during post-unrest period (2014-2016) with Interferometric Time series of Sentinel-1A

Bountzouklis, Christos LU (2016) In Student thesis series INES NGEM01 20161
Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
Abstract
Ground deformation monitoring is one of the main geoindicators that should be considered to assess volcanic hazard. Satellite earth observation data and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) interferometry have been used continuously since 1992 to measure or study the temporal evolution of surface deformation in volcanic areas in conjunction with ground-based geodetic measurements.

Such methods were applied to monitor the current state of Santorini Volcanic Complex (Greece). During the period 1992-2010 the volcano was characterized by the gradual deflation of the volcanic island Nea Kameni. However, at the beginning of 2011 the volcano displayed signs of unrest with increased microseismic activity and significant ground uplift. A gradual... (More)
Ground deformation monitoring is one of the main geoindicators that should be considered to assess volcanic hazard. Satellite earth observation data and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) interferometry have been used continuously since 1992 to measure or study the temporal evolution of surface deformation in volcanic areas in conjunction with ground-based geodetic measurements.

Such methods were applied to monitor the current state of Santorini Volcanic Complex (Greece). During the period 1992-2010 the volcano was characterized by the gradual deflation of the volcanic island Nea Kameni. However, at the beginning of 2011 the volcano displayed signs of unrest with increased microseismic activity and significant ground uplift. A gradual decrease of inflation rates within the first quarter of 2012 was confirmed from subsequent observations and thus indicating that the volcano entered a post-unrest period.

The ongoing post-unrest period, was examined using 89 Sentinel-1A satellite scenes covering the period October 2014 to June 2016. Exploiting the capabilities of DInSAR techniques like the Interferometric Stacking (IS) and the Singular Value Decomposition(SVD) algorithm, several deformation maps and time series graphs were produced to illustrate the status of the volcano. Interferometric results show that the volcano displays a relative uniform surface deformation with low uplifting rates, horizontal velocities and interesting alterations in the deformation pattern through time, with the decrease of microseismicity in the area. (Less)
Popular Abstract
Satellite earth observation has proved its potential as a powerful and reliable tool to monitor volcanic activity. One of the main indicators that should be considered to assess volcanic hazard is ground deformation monitoring. Satellite earth observation data and methods have been used continuously since 1992 to measure or study the temporal evolution of surface deformation in volcanic areas in conjunction with ground-based geodetic measurements.

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is a powerful remote sensing radar system used for earth observation applications. The sensor emits electromagnetic radiation and then records the amplitude and phase of the returned signal to produce images of the ground. Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar... (More)
Satellite earth observation has proved its potential as a powerful and reliable tool to monitor volcanic activity. One of the main indicators that should be considered to assess volcanic hazard is ground deformation monitoring. Satellite earth observation data and methods have been used continuously since 1992 to measure or study the temporal evolution of surface deformation in volcanic areas in conjunction with ground-based geodetic measurements.

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is a powerful remote sensing radar system used for earth observation applications. The sensor emits electromagnetic radiation and then records the amplitude and phase of the returned signal to produce images of the ground. Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) is a recognized and established remote sensing technique that measures the phase change between two or more SAR phase images acquired at different times of the same area. This technique can be applied to accurately measure ground deformation. Such methods were applied to monitor the current state of Santorini volcano. During the period 1992-2010 the volcano was characterized by a gradual subsidence of the volcanic island Nea Kameni. However, at the beginning of 2011 the volcano displayed signs of unrest with increased microseismic activity and significant ground uplift. A gradual decrease of the uplifting rates within the first quarter of 2012 was confirmed from subsequent observations and thus indicating that the volcano entered a post-unrest state.

The ongoing period, was examined using 89 Sentinel-1A satellite scenes covering the period October 2014 to June 2016. Several deformation maps and time series graphs were produced to illustrate the status of the volcano. Interferometric results show that the volcano displays a relative uniform surface deformation with low uplifting rates, horizontal velocities and interesting alterations in the deformation pattern through time, with the decrease of microseismicity in the area. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Bountzouklis, Christos LU
supervisor
organization
course
NGEM01 20161
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Santorini Volcanic Complex, earth observation, volcanic hazard, SAR Interferometry, Sentinel-1A, physical geography and ecosystem science
publication/series
Student thesis series INES
report number
404
language
English
additional info
External supervisor: Prof. Issaak Parcharidis, Department of Geography, Harokopio University, Greece
id
8897945
date added to LUP
2017-01-09 09:15:17
date last changed
2017-01-09 09:15:17
@misc{8897945,
  abstract     = {Ground deformation monitoring is one of the main geoindicators that should be considered to assess volcanic hazard. Satellite earth observation data and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) interferometry have been used continuously since 1992 to measure or study the temporal evolution of surface deformation in volcanic areas in conjunction with ground-based geodetic measurements.

Such methods were applied to monitor the current state of Santorini Volcanic Complex (Greece). During the period 1992-2010 the volcano was characterized by the gradual deflation of the volcanic island Nea Kameni. However, at the beginning of 2011 the volcano displayed signs of unrest with increased microseismic activity and significant ground uplift. A gradual decrease of inflation rates within the first quarter of 2012 was confirmed from subsequent observations and thus indicating that the volcano entered a post-unrest period.

The ongoing post-unrest period, was examined using 89 Sentinel-1A satellite scenes covering the period October 2014 to June 2016. Exploiting the capabilities of DInSAR techniques like the Interferometric Stacking (IS) and the Singular Value Decomposition(SVD) algorithm, several deformation maps and time series graphs were produced to illustrate the status of the volcano. Interferometric results show that the volcano displays a relative uniform surface deformation with low uplifting rates, horizontal velocities and interesting alterations in the deformation pattern through time, with the decrease of microseismicity in the area.},
  author       = {Bountzouklis, Christos},
  keyword      = {Santorini Volcanic Complex,earth observation,volcanic hazard,SAR Interferometry,Sentinel-1A,physical geography and ecosystem science},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {Student thesis series INES},
  title        = {Monitoring of Santorini (Greece) volcano during post-unrest period (2014-2016) with Interferometric Time series of Sentinel-1A},
  year         = {2016},
}