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Blurred lines - an analysis on the privatisation of migration detention in the EU and its consequences

Olsson, Emma LU (2017) JURM02 20171
Department of Law
Abstract
The role of migration in the world has become a highly politicised issue. With more money than ever put into the border control and migration management a platform has opened up for private actors.
This thesis aims to explore the privatisation of migration detention in the EU and the consequences thereof. This thesis aims to explore the legal issues that could arise when private entities are getting more involved in the migration detention regime. Further it examines the underlying rationales for migration detention in general and the privatisation of migration detention in particular. By an interdisciplinary method the thesis will describe the current state of the migration detention regime today and through a legal dogmatic method... (More)
The role of migration in the world has become a highly politicised issue. With more money than ever put into the border control and migration management a platform has opened up for private actors.
This thesis aims to explore the privatisation of migration detention in the EU and the consequences thereof. This thesis aims to explore the legal issues that could arise when private entities are getting more involved in the migration detention regime. Further it examines the underlying rationales for migration detention in general and the privatisation of migration detention in particular. By an interdisciplinary method the thesis will describe the current state of the migration detention regime today and through a legal dogmatic method examine the legal framework surrounding it.
The thesis shows that there is a trend in the EU pointing towards an increase use of non-state actors in the migration detention regime, and that this could increase violations of migrant’s rights. Further it will show that there is a political economy and financial incentives to uphold the migration detention regime that falls outside the said normative goals of detention set out in the legal framework.
The thesis will show that with a market based dynamic where the company’s interest is primarily to make a profit can lead to an increase of human rights violations of detained migrants. The thesis also shows that blurred lines between punitive and administrative measures creates a rationale for the upholding of the detention regime and that the blurred lines between the public and the private creates confusion in regards to accountability and responsibility for violation of the rights of migrants. The thesis also shows that this is further enhanced due to a lack of transparency and public scrutiny. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Migration har ökat blivit en politisk fråga. I och med att EU och medlemsstaterna satsar mer pengar på gränskontroll så har en lukrativ marknad öppnats för privata företag.
Syftet med förevarande uppsats är att undersöka privatiseringen av förvar i EU och dess konsekvenser. Uppsatsen ämnar undersöka de juridiska problem som kan uppstå när private aktörer blir ökat involverade i förvarsregimen. Vidare ämnar uppsatsen undersöka de underliggande logikerna för användandet av förvar i allmänhet och privatiseringen av förvar i synnerhet. Genom en interdisciplinär metod kommer uppsatsen beskriva den nuvarande situationen i relation till privatisering av förvar i EU och genom en rättsdogmatisk metod undersöka det rättsliga ramverket.
Uppsatsen... (More)
Migration har ökat blivit en politisk fråga. I och med att EU och medlemsstaterna satsar mer pengar på gränskontroll så har en lukrativ marknad öppnats för privata företag.
Syftet med förevarande uppsats är att undersöka privatiseringen av förvar i EU och dess konsekvenser. Uppsatsen ämnar undersöka de juridiska problem som kan uppstå när private aktörer blir ökat involverade i förvarsregimen. Vidare ämnar uppsatsen undersöka de underliggande logikerna för användandet av förvar i allmänhet och privatiseringen av förvar i synnerhet. Genom en interdisciplinär metod kommer uppsatsen beskriva den nuvarande situationen i relation till privatisering av förvar i EU och genom en rättsdogmatisk metod undersöka det rättsliga ramverket.
Uppsatsen visar på att det finns tendenser till en trend av mot en ökad användning av privata aktörer i driften av förvar inom EU. Vidare påvisar uppsatsen att det finns en politisk ekonomi och ekonomiska incitement för att upphålla användandet av förvar som sträcker sig utanför de normativa mål som det juridiska ramverket föreskriver.
Uppsatsen påvisar att en marknadsbaserad logik resulterar I att företags främsta intresse är vinst vilket kan leda till att migranters rättigheter åsidosätts. Vidare påvisas det att otydliga gränser mellan straffåtgärder och administrativa åtgärder bidrar till upphållandet av förvarsregimen samtidigt som ökat oklara gränser mellan det privata och det offentliga resulterar i en oklar ansvarsfördelning som går ut över migranters rättigheter. Detta kompliceras vidare en ökad brist på transperans och offentlig insyn vid inblandning av privata aktörer. (Less)
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author
Olsson, Emma LU
supervisor
organization
course
JURM02 20171
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
migration, detention, migration industry, privatisation, crimmigration, EU, public international law, administrative law
language
English
id
8904274
date added to LUP
2017-03-27 16:22:55
date last changed
2017-03-27 16:22:55
@misc{8904274,
  abstract     = {The role of migration in the world has become a highly politicised issue. With more money than ever put into the border control and migration management a platform has opened up for private actors.
This thesis aims to explore the privatisation of migration detention in the EU and the consequences thereof. This thesis aims to explore the legal issues that could arise when private entities are getting more involved in the migration detention regime. Further it examines the underlying rationales for migration detention in general and the privatisation of migration detention in particular. By an interdisciplinary method the thesis will describe the current state of the migration detention regime today and through a legal dogmatic method examine the legal framework surrounding it.
The thesis shows that there is a trend in the EU pointing towards an increase use of non-state actors in the migration detention regime, and that this could increase violations of migrant’s rights. Further it will show that there is a political economy and financial incentives to uphold the migration detention regime that falls outside the said normative goals of detention set out in the legal framework.
The thesis will show that with a market based dynamic where the company’s interest is primarily to make a profit can lead to an increase of human rights violations of detained migrants. The thesis also shows that blurred lines between punitive and administrative measures creates a rationale for the upholding of the detention regime and that the blurred lines between the public and the private creates confusion in regards to accountability and responsibility for violation of the rights of migrants. The thesis also shows that this is further enhanced due to a lack of transparency and public scrutiny.},
  author       = {Olsson, Emma},
  keyword      = {migration,detention,migration industry,privatisation,crimmigration,EU,public international law,administrative law},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Blurred lines - an analysis on the privatisation of migration detention in the EU and its consequences},
  year         = {2017},
}