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EU Environmental Policy and its Effect on U.S. Chemical Regulation

Hemche Billberg, Benjamin LU (2017) STVK02 20171
Department of Political Science
Abstract
The purpose of this paper was to assess how the EU chemical regulation, REACH, affected the reform of the U.S. Toxic Substances Control Act. It borrows from theories of policy diffusion and of the EU as a regulatory power, which were used to theorize two causal mechanisms potentially leading to convergence between the European and American chemical regulations, tested using a method of process-tracing. The first is a theory based on competition and market power, explaining that firms exporting to the EU necessarily had to adapt to REACH, provoking rent-seeking at home. The second is based on learning, and argues that American lawmakers took lessons from the EU experience with REACH.
Both models were found to be faulty. The first... (More)
The purpose of this paper was to assess how the EU chemical regulation, REACH, affected the reform of the U.S. Toxic Substances Control Act. It borrows from theories of policy diffusion and of the EU as a regulatory power, which were used to theorize two causal mechanisms potentially leading to convergence between the European and American chemical regulations, tested using a method of process-tracing. The first is a theory based on competition and market power, explaining that firms exporting to the EU necessarily had to adapt to REACH, provoking rent-seeking at home. The second is based on learning, and argues that American lawmakers took lessons from the EU experience with REACH.
Both models were found to be faulty. The first undervalued the effect of a large domestic market, and overvalued the effect of submitting to foreign regulations. The second model made the faulty assumption that, under certain circumstances, learning from REACH would necessarily lead to doing as REACH. Furthermore, the TSCA reform ended up diverging from REACH in key areas. More nuanced models can give a better understanding of both how policy converges and of the EU’s regulatory influence. (Less)
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author
Hemche Billberg, Benjamin LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
A study of the REACH package’s reach
course
STVK02 20171
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
REACH, regulatory influence, process tracing, process-tracing, policy transfer, policy diffusion, policy convergence, chemical regulations, chemicals, FLSC, TSCA
language
English
id
8907620
date added to LUP
2017-07-11 15:30:11
date last changed
2017-07-11 15:30:11
@misc{8907620,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this paper was to assess how the EU chemical regulation, REACH, affected the reform of the U.S. Toxic Substances Control Act. It borrows from theories of policy diffusion and of the EU as a regulatory power, which were used to theorize two causal mechanisms potentially leading to convergence between the European and American chemical regulations, tested using a method of process-tracing. The first is a theory based on competition and market power, explaining that firms exporting to the EU necessarily had to adapt to REACH, provoking rent-seeking at home. The second is based on learning, and argues that American lawmakers took lessons from the EU experience with REACH. 
Both models were found to be faulty. The first undervalued the effect of a large domestic market, and overvalued the effect of submitting to foreign regulations. The second model made the faulty assumption that, under certain circumstances, learning from REACH would necessarily lead to doing as REACH. Furthermore, the TSCA reform ended up diverging from REACH in key areas. More nuanced models can give a better understanding of both how policy converges and of the EU’s regulatory influence.},
  author       = {Hemche Billberg, Benjamin},
  keyword      = {REACH,regulatory influence,process tracing,process-tracing,policy transfer,policy diffusion,policy convergence,chemical regulations,chemicals,FLSC,TSCA},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {EU Environmental Policy and its Effect on U.S. Chemical Regulation},
  year         = {2017},
}