Advanced

Protecting ‘our’ values: A study of the construction of a Muslim ‘other’ and the European ‘self’ in the European Parliament

Svens, Linnea Maria LU (2017) EUHR18 20171
European Studies
Abstract
While the EU stipulates their motto to be ‘Unity in diversity’ claiming itself to be enriched by cultural and linguistic diversity, the discourse on Muslims is, however, more often than not, one of Muslims and Europe rather than European Muslims. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate if and how this discourse is constructed and maintained by the Members of the European Parliament while simultaneously investigating how ideological affiliation matters in identity construction.
Applying the theory of social constructionism, five debates on the topic of security in the European Parliament were studied using the method of thematic analysis in order to find themes that unite and distinguish the political groups in their... (More)
While the EU stipulates their motto to be ‘Unity in diversity’ claiming itself to be enriched by cultural and linguistic diversity, the discourse on Muslims is, however, more often than not, one of Muslims and Europe rather than European Muslims. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate if and how this discourse is constructed and maintained by the Members of the European Parliament while simultaneously investigating how ideological affiliation matters in identity construction.
Applying the theory of social constructionism, five debates on the topic of security in the European Parliament were studied using the method of thematic analysis in order to find themes that unite and distinguish the political groups in their construction of the image of 'Europe' and 'Muslims'. Three strategies of othering of Muslims was found to be used by the MEPs: Muslims were constructed as violating universal principles, as inferior and as a threat. Although all three strategies were applied by all groups, there were some significant differences in how they were applied illustrating how ideology matters in the identity construction of a European ‘we’ and a Muslim ‘other’. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Svens, Linnea Maria LU
supervisor
organization
course
EUHR18 20171
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
European Parliament, othering, identity constructionism, European identity, Muslim, political ideology, thematic analysis
language
English
id
8909129
date added to LUP
2017-06-08 14:45:56
date last changed
2017-06-08 14:45:56
@misc{8909129,
  abstract     = {While the EU stipulates their motto to be ‘Unity in diversity’ claiming itself to be enriched by cultural and linguistic diversity, the discourse on Muslims is, however, more often than not, one of Muslims and Europe rather than European Muslims. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate if and how this discourse is constructed and maintained by the Members of the European Parliament while simultaneously investigating how ideological affiliation matters in identity construction. 
Applying the theory of social constructionism, five debates on the topic of security in the European Parliament were studied using the method of thematic analysis in order to find themes that unite and distinguish the political groups in their construction of the image of 'Europe' and 'Muslims'. Three strategies of othering of Muslims was found to be used by the MEPs: Muslims were constructed as violating universal principles, as inferior and as a threat. Although all three strategies were applied by all groups, there were some significant differences in how they were applied illustrating how ideology matters in the identity construction of a European ‘we’ and a Muslim ‘other’.},
  author       = {Svens, Linnea Maria},
  keyword      = {European Parliament,othering,identity constructionism,European identity,Muslim,political ideology,thematic analysis},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Protecting ‘our’ values: A study of the construction of a Muslim ‘other’ and the European ‘self’ in the European Parliament},
  year         = {2017},
}