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Brandteknisk riskvärdering av Lasarettet Trelleborg

Andersson, Sofie LU ; Einer, Stefan LU ; Fast, Anton LU and Rostedt, Rebecca LU (2017) VBR054 20171
Division of Fire Safety Engineering
Abstract
This report is the result of a fire safety evaluation of the hospital in Trelleborg. The evaluation was limited to ward 22 on the third floor in building 22. Ward 22 holds patients that have had strokes or other neurological injuries. This ward is considered the most critical part of the building, because it is in the top patient floor in the building and because some of the patients are not able to evacuate themselves.
The evaluation started with a scenario analysis where a number of fire scenarios were identified. The three most critical scenarios: fire in a patient room, fire in the social room and fire in storage room, were further studied. Simulations in FDS, hand calculations of evacuation time and ventilation were made and... (More)
This report is the result of a fire safety evaluation of the hospital in Trelleborg. The evaluation was limited to ward 22 on the third floor in building 22. Ward 22 holds patients that have had strokes or other neurological injuries. This ward is considered the most critical part of the building, because it is in the top patient floor in the building and because some of the patients are not able to evacuate themselves.
The evaluation started with a scenario analysis where a number of fire scenarios were identified. The three most critical scenarios: fire in a patient room, fire in the social room and fire in storage room, were further studied. Simulations in FDS, hand calculations of evacuation time and ventilation were made and analyzed. The most critical parameter is limited visibility, which will hinder the evacuation. To improve the fire safety even further a number of suggestions are given. The most important
suggestions are changing some of the materials of the furniture and to oversee the routines for prioritization of patients in case of a fire. Some sort of flame retardant fabric could for example be used for the sofa in the social room to prevent ignition. Further it is suggested to prioritize the evacuation of patients in an optimal order to decrease the evacuation time. This may be seen as unethical, but it would help the employees to make the evacuation as effective as possible. The results of the report includes several uncertainties, which are analyzed and discussed. There are some parameters in the simulations and calculations that could be improved for a more realistic result. The conclusion though, is that building 22 of the hospital in Trelleborg has good standards when it comes to fire protection. Employees has clear routines of what they should do in case of a fire and fire installations are up to date and safe. (Less)
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author
Andersson, Sofie LU ; Einer, Stefan LU ; Fast, Anton LU and Rostedt, Rebecca LU
supervisor
organization
course
VBR054 20171
year
type
L3 - Miscellaneous, Projetcs etc.
subject
keywords
Fire risk assessment, Trelleborg hospital, Evacuation, FDS-simulation, Ventilation, PFS, Smoke spread, Sensitivity analysis, Risk matrix, Risk scenario, BTR
report number
9496
language
Swedish
id
8909687
date added to LUP
2017-06-09 15:22:22
date last changed
2017-10-04 14:50:57
@misc{8909687,
  abstract     = {This report is the result of a fire safety evaluation of the hospital in Trelleborg. The evaluation was limited to ward 22 on the third floor in building 22. Ward 22 holds patients that have had strokes or other neurological injuries. This ward is considered the most critical part of the building, because it is in the top patient floor in the building and because some of the patients are not able to evacuate themselves.
The evaluation started with a scenario analysis where a number of fire scenarios were identified. The three most critical scenarios: fire in a patient room, fire in the social room and fire in storage room, were further studied. Simulations in FDS, hand calculations of evacuation time and ventilation were made and analyzed. The most critical parameter is limited visibility, which will hinder the evacuation. To improve the fire safety even further a number of suggestions are given. The most important
suggestions are changing some of the materials of the furniture and to oversee the routines for prioritization of patients in case of a fire. Some sort of flame retardant fabric could for example be used for the sofa in the social room to prevent ignition. Further it is suggested to prioritize the evacuation of patients in an optimal order to decrease the evacuation time. This may be seen as unethical, but it would help the employees to make the evacuation as effective as possible. The results of the report includes several uncertainties, which are analyzed and discussed. There are some parameters in the simulations and calculations that could be improved for a more realistic result. The conclusion though, is that building 22 of the hospital in Trelleborg has good standards when it comes to fire protection. Employees has clear routines of what they should do in case of a fire and fire installations are up to date and safe.},
  author       = {Andersson, Sofie and Einer, Stefan and Fast, Anton and Rostedt, Rebecca},
  keyword      = {Fire risk assessment,Trelleborg hospital,Evacuation,FDS-simulation,Ventilation,PFS,Smoke spread,Sensitivity analysis,Risk matrix,Risk scenario,BTR},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Brandteknisk riskvärdering av Lasarettet Trelleborg},
  year         = {2017},
}