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Hållbart byggande för små hyresbostäder

Wemmenborn, Therese and Svensson, Elin (2017)
LTH School of Engineering in Helsingborg
Abstract
While there is a housing shortage in Sweden the global warming continues across the globe, according to IPCC. In order to lessen the global warming sustainable development is needed. Sustainable buildings are a part of the goal to achieve sustainable development within the building industry. “God bebyggd miljö” is one of the environmental quality goals in Sweden. SGBC works actively toward this goal by providing tools in the shape of environmental certifications for sustainable buildings. The company Henrysson & Thulin is working with Bo1, a project aiming to build sustainable buildings quickly and effectively. This thesis project strives to encourage sustainable building of small rental houses. The purpose of the project is to compare... (More)
While there is a housing shortage in Sweden the global warming continues across the globe, according to IPCC. In order to lessen the global warming sustainable development is needed. Sustainable buildings are a part of the goal to achieve sustainable development within the building industry. “God bebyggd miljö” is one of the environmental quality goals in Sweden. SGBC works actively toward this goal by providing tools in the shape of environmental certifications for sustainable buildings. The company Henrysson & Thulin is working with Bo1, a project aiming to build sustainable buildings quickly and effectively. This thesis project strives to encourage sustainable building of small rental houses. The purpose of the project is to compare three different building concepts. Later on companies will be able to use the conclusions while working on similar project, for example Henrysson & Thulin and the Bo1 project. The comparison is made between the building concepts BoKompakt, Tölo Trädgårdar and Pålsjöäng. It considers the social, ecological and economical aspects of the building process. This thesis project further aims to determine which production method as well as which framework material is most suitable for building sustainable buildings. The thesis project has been summarized in three question formulations. To answer the question formulations a literature study and a case study has been made. The literature study aims to investigate what is meant by sustainable development in general, and sustainable building in particular. The literature study also examines theory regarding life cycle analysis, the environmental database SundaHus, the environmental certification system Miljöbyggnad and the choice of framework material. The three building concepts examined in the case study are compared with regards to the credential template Miljöbyggnad. The case study is done by having interviews and analyzing archives. The three building concepts which are part of the comparison has been studied and graded with regards to the chosen certification system. The literature study results, amongst other things, a recommendation for the employer regarding choice of framework material. From the results of the case study it is concluded that the final documentation of a building is often subpar. Bad documentation means, amongst other things, that it is hard to locate the constructor in order to check up on the questions regarding the finished building. Furthermore it can be troublesome during the projects execution. The case study has also resulted in conclusions answering the question formulations. The first question formulation is about which pros and cons the different buildings concepts have with respect to environmental sustainability. The case study has shown that one of the pros consists of having a clear routine for how to work, taking the shape of an environmental policy. Having a clear target group for the buildings has also proven good with regards to environmental sustainability. An example of a con is subpar documentation. Another one is unclear distributions of responsibility within the management team. The second question formulation aims to answer what one can learn from these finished projects, and how to apply this to Bo1. The answer consists of a recommendation that Henrysson & Thulin creates a project plan early, meticulously finishes the project when the time comes and specifies a target group for the rental apartments Bo1 aims to build. The third question formulation is founded in the employers wish to get a hint about which production method and framework material to use for sustainable buildings. The literature study, as well as the analysis of the case study, results in the suggestion to use prefabricated wood volume elements when building smaller houses. However, it is important to incorporate all material in future buildings to achieve sustainable building within our society. It is the usage of these materials which has to be optimized. (Less)
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@misc{8912345,
  abstract     = {While there is a housing shortage in Sweden the global warming continues across the globe, according to IPCC. In order to lessen the global warming sustainable development is needed. Sustainable buildings are a part of the goal to achieve sustainable development within the building industry. “God bebyggd miljö” is one of the environmental quality goals in Sweden. SGBC works actively toward this goal by providing tools in the shape of environmental certifications for sustainable buildings. The company Henrysson & Thulin is working with Bo1, a project aiming to build sustainable buildings quickly and effectively. This thesis project strives to encourage sustainable building of small rental houses. The purpose of the project is to compare three different building concepts. Later on companies will be able to use the conclusions while working on similar project, for example Henrysson & Thulin and the Bo1 project. The comparison is made between the building concepts BoKompakt, Tölo Trädgårdar and Pålsjöäng. It considers the social, ecological and economical aspects of the building process. This thesis project further aims to determine which production method as well as which framework material is most suitable for building sustainable buildings. The thesis project has been summarized in three question formulations. To answer the question formulations a literature study and a case study has been made. The literature study aims to investigate what is meant by sustainable development in general, and sustainable building in particular. The literature study also examines theory regarding life cycle analysis, the environmental database SundaHus, the environmental certification system Miljöbyggnad and the choice of framework material. The three building concepts examined in the case study are compared with regards to the credential template Miljöbyggnad. The case study is done by having interviews and analyzing archives. The three building concepts which are part of the comparison has been studied and graded with regards to the chosen certification system. The literature study results, amongst other things, a recommendation for the employer regarding choice of framework material. From the results of the case study it is concluded that the final documentation of a building is often subpar. Bad documentation means, amongst other things, that it is hard to locate the constructor in order to check up on the questions regarding the finished building. Furthermore it can be troublesome during the projects execution. The case study has also resulted in conclusions answering the question formulations. The first question formulation is about which pros and cons the different buildings concepts have with respect to environmental sustainability. The case study has shown that one of the pros consists of having a clear routine for how to work, taking the shape of an environmental policy. Having a clear target group for the buildings has also proven good with regards to environmental sustainability. An example of a con is subpar documentation. Another one is unclear distributions of responsibility within the management team. The second question formulation aims to answer what one can learn from these finished projects, and how to apply this to Bo1. The answer consists of a recommendation that Henrysson & Thulin creates a project plan early, meticulously finishes the project when the time comes and specifies a target group for the rental apartments Bo1 aims to build. The third question formulation is founded in the employers wish to get a hint about which production method and framework material to use for sustainable buildings. The literature study, as well as the analysis of the case study, results in the suggestion to use prefabricated wood volume elements when building smaller houses. However, it is important to incorporate all material in future buildings to achieve sustainable building within our society. It is the usage of these materials which has to be optimized.},
  author       = {Wemmenborn, Therese and Svensson, Elin},
  keyword      = {hållbart byggande,hållbar byggnad,social hållbarhet,ekologisk hållbarhet,ekonomisk hållbarhet,miljöcertifiering,miljöbyggnad,materialval,sundahus,livscykelanalys,livscykelbedömning,compact living. sustainable construction,sustainable building,social sustainability,ecological sustainability,economic sustainability,environmental certification,choice of material,life cycle analysis,life cycle assessment,compact living},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Hållbart byggande för små hyresbostäder},
  year         = {2017},
}