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A Matter of Gendered Investment: Impacts of Internal Migration on Child Education in Indonesia

Berbée, Paul Philipp Lambert LU (2017) EKHM52 20171
Department of Economic History
Abstract
This study evaluates investments in education and schooling outcomes of children in households that engage in internal migration. Using panel data from Indonesia, community and household fixed effects are employed to account for unobserved heterogeneity and self-selection of migrants. Maternal migration is found to be associated with an average 30% reduction of educational expenditure and worse schooling outcomes of children as long as the mother is absent. If the mother stays with the children at home and the father engages in labour migration, educational spending remains constant, the children’s grades increase significantly, but school attendance is reduced. These are likely results of weaker bargaining power of the absent parent... (More)
This study evaluates investments in education and schooling outcomes of children in households that engage in internal migration. Using panel data from Indonesia, community and household fixed effects are employed to account for unobserved heterogeneity and self-selection of migrants. Maternal migration is found to be associated with an average 30% reduction of educational expenditure and worse schooling outcomes of children as long as the mother is absent. If the mother stays with the children at home and the father engages in labour migration, educational spending remains constant, the children’s grades increase significantly, but school attendance is reduced. These are likely results of weaker bargaining power of the absent parent combined with stronger preferences for education among mothers. If mothers exercise decision-making, remittances can foster educational performance of students and social mobility. (Less)
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author
Berbée, Paul Philipp Lambert LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHM52 20171
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Internal migration, Parental absence, Human capital investment, Gender, Intra-household bargaining, Social Mobility, Migrant Selectivity, Fixed effects
language
English
id
8917503
date added to LUP
2017-06-29 13:40:08
date last changed
2017-06-29 13:40:08
@misc{8917503,
  abstract     = {This study evaluates investments in education and schooling outcomes of children in households that engage in internal migration. Using panel data from Indonesia, community and household fixed effects are employed to account for unobserved heterogeneity and self-selection of migrants. Maternal migration is found to be associated with an average 30% reduction of educational expenditure and worse schooling outcomes of children as long as the mother is absent. If the mother stays with the children at home and the father engages in labour migration, educational spending remains constant, the children’s grades increase significantly, but school attendance is reduced. These are likely results of weaker bargaining power of the absent parent combined with stronger preferences for education among mothers. If mothers exercise decision-making, remittances can foster educational performance of students and social mobility.},
  author       = {Berbée, Paul Philipp Lambert},
  keyword      = {Internal migration,Parental absence,Human capital investment,Gender,Intra-household bargaining,Social Mobility,Migrant Selectivity,Fixed effects},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {A Matter of Gendered Investment: Impacts of Internal Migration on Child Education in Indonesia},
  year         = {2017},
}