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Wishing for better jobs: Understanding the mismatch between education and youth employment in Ethiopia

Korpela, Kia LU (2017) EKHS21 20171
Department of Economic History
Abstract
Ethiopia is the second most populated country on the continent of Africa, with a high density of young people. Its economy remains largely based on agriculture, however, in recent years, slow structural change can be seen. Concurrently, youth education has been on the rise. Due to this phenomenon, the educated youth are now trying to match their skills with current employment opportunities. As a consequence, unemployment rates for the educated youth are the highest in the country. The purpose of this study is to investigate the developments between education and the labour market, specifically in the case of youth, by providing a comprehensive overview of secondary data gathered by the Ethiopian National Labour Force Surveys (NLFS) in... (More)
Ethiopia is the second most populated country on the continent of Africa, with a high density of young people. Its economy remains largely based on agriculture, however, in recent years, slow structural change can be seen. Concurrently, youth education has been on the rise. Due to this phenomenon, the educated youth are now trying to match their skills with current employment opportunities. As a consequence, unemployment rates for the educated youth are the highest in the country. The purpose of this study is to investigate the developments between education and the labour market, specifically in the case of youth, by providing a comprehensive overview of secondary data gathered by the Ethiopian National Labour Force Surveys (NLFS) in 1999, 2005 and 2013. The study discusses the possible effects of the simultaneously launched Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) on the size and scope of youth unemployment. Results show clear evidence of a skills mismatch, resulting from the insufficient quality of education to undeveloped markets without open internet usage. Low job creation has resulted in high unemployment of the educated youth, especially in the urban areas. The results from this study suggest that measures need to be taken to match education and employment in order to sustain a highly populated country. (Less)
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author
Korpela, Kia LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHS21 20171
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
developing country, Ethiopia, skills mismatch, youth unemployment
language
English
id
8925631
date added to LUP
2017-09-15 10:05:44
date last changed
2017-09-15 10:05:44
@misc{8925631,
  abstract     = {Ethiopia is the second most populated country on the continent of Africa, with a high density of young people. Its economy remains largely based on agriculture, however, in recent years, slow structural change can be seen. Concurrently, youth education has been on the rise. Due to this phenomenon, the educated youth are now trying to match their skills with current employment opportunities. As a consequence, unemployment rates for the educated youth are the highest in the country. The purpose of this study is to investigate the developments between education and the labour market, specifically in the case of youth, by providing a comprehensive overview of secondary data gathered by the Ethiopian National Labour Force Surveys (NLFS) in 1999, 2005 and 2013. The study discusses the possible effects of the simultaneously launched Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) on the size and scope of youth unemployment. Results show clear evidence of a skills mismatch, resulting from the insufficient quality of education to undeveloped markets without open internet usage. Low job creation has resulted in high unemployment of the educated youth, especially in the urban areas. The results from this study suggest that measures need to be taken to match education and employment in order to sustain a highly populated country.},
  author       = {Korpela, Kia},
  keyword      = {developing country,Ethiopia,skills mismatch,youth unemployment},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Wishing for better jobs: Understanding the mismatch between education and youth employment in Ethiopia},
  year         = {2017},
}