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Att vinna kriget utanför slagfältet i antikens Grekland och Rom - Generalerna berättar

Frendin, Nicolas LU (2017) AKSK04 20162
Classical archaeology and ancient history
Abstract
”How to win the war outside of the battlefield in ancient Greece and Rome – the generals explain”

The purpose of this thesis is to shed some light on the topic of psychological warfare in two ancient, war-describing texts: The History of the Peloponnesian War, written by Thucydides, and The Commentaries on the Gallic War, written by Julius Caesar. The main reason behind this lays in modern approach to warfare, where psychological strategies are common on the international warfare stage. The lack of comprehensive academic work on that specific, important component of warfare in the Classical antiquity triggered the idea behind this research. The logical result of that primarily purpose is to compare the results from these two texts: what... (More)
”How to win the war outside of the battlefield in ancient Greece and Rome – the generals explain”

The purpose of this thesis is to shed some light on the topic of psychological warfare in two ancient, war-describing texts: The History of the Peloponnesian War, written by Thucydides, and The Commentaries on the Gallic War, written by Julius Caesar. The main reason behind this lays in modern approach to warfare, where psychological strategies are common on the international warfare stage. The lack of comprehensive academic work on that specific, important component of warfare in the Classical antiquity triggered the idea behind this research. The logical result of that primarily purpose is to compare the results from these two texts: what are the similarities, and what are the differences in these texts?
The conclusion of this thesis is that psychological warfare is greatly used, in both Thucydides’ and Caesar’s texts. The similiraties lies in the chosen methods, classified in 5 different themes. Generally speaking, these 5 themes can be divided into 2 target-groups: those where the target is primarily the enemy’s military force and those where the enemy as a whole is the target (i.e. the civil populations as well). The first 2 methods are military dissuasion and intelligence operations. The methods used on the enemy’s population as a whole are executions, exhaustion by plunder, siege and scorched-earth policy, and diplomatic communications.
The main differences lie in the scope of use of each chosen method, as well as the chronological use of these, in each of these 2 wars. This thesis discusses several hypotheses behind these differences and argues that the 2 main reasons behind these significant differences lies in the ideological, as well as the cultural nature of warfare in the Greek Classical era, in comparison to the Late Republican Roman era. (Less)
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author
Frendin, Nicolas LU
supervisor
organization
course
AKSK04 20162
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
warfare, psychological warfare, classical antiquity, tactics, strategy, operational level
language
Swedish
id
8926562
date added to LUP
2018-01-24 16:38:19
date last changed
2018-01-24 16:38:19
@misc{8926562,
  abstract     = {”How to win the war outside of the battlefield in ancient Greece and Rome – the generals explain”

The purpose of this thesis is to shed some light on the topic of psychological warfare in two ancient, war-describing texts: The History of the Peloponnesian War, written by Thucydides, and The Commentaries on the Gallic War, written by Julius Caesar. The main reason behind this lays in modern approach to warfare, where psychological strategies are common on the international warfare stage. The lack of comprehensive academic work on that specific, important component of warfare in the Classical antiquity triggered the idea behind this research. The logical result of that primarily purpose is to compare the results from these two texts: what are the similarities, and what are the differences in these texts? 
The conclusion of this thesis is that psychological warfare is greatly used, in both Thucydides’ and Caesar’s texts. The similiraties lies in the chosen methods, classified in 5 different themes. Generally speaking, these 5 themes can be divided into 2 target-groups: those where the target is primarily the enemy’s military force and those where the enemy as a whole is the target (i.e. the civil populations as well). The first 2 methods are military dissuasion and intelligence operations. The methods used on the enemy’s population as a whole are executions, exhaustion by plunder, siege and scorched-earth policy, and diplomatic communications. 
The main differences lie in the scope of use of each chosen method, as well as the chronological use of these, in each of these 2 wars. This thesis discusses several hypotheses behind these differences and argues that the 2 main reasons behind these significant differences lies in the ideological, as well as the cultural nature of warfare in the Greek Classical era, in comparison to the Late Republican Roman era.},
  author       = {Frendin, Nicolas},
  keyword      = {warfare,psychological warfare,classical antiquity,tactics,strategy,operational level},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Att vinna kriget utanför slagfältet i antikens Grekland och Rom - Generalerna berättar},
  year         = {2017},
}