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På gränsen mellan liv och död - Om organanskaffning, transplantation och hjärndödens införande i Sverige

Lihv, Rebecca LU (2017) ILHM05 20171
Division of History of Ideas and Sciences
Abstract (Swedish)
The following thesis examines the work of the early swedish transplant surgeons with special regards to the question of organ procurement. Through a careful reading of letters during 1971-1986, left from one prominent swedish transplant surgeons of that time – Sven-Eric Bergentz – I investigate how clinicians sought ways to solve the controversial problem of organ procurement. The institutionalization of organ transplantion through the public health care system also included a need to organize and legitimize organ procurement, and the study shows how this was solved partly by efforts to redefine death. In other words, the battle over society’s right to use citizen’s organs to treat other patients was fought through the question of ”brain... (More)
The following thesis examines the work of the early swedish transplant surgeons with special regards to the question of organ procurement. Through a careful reading of letters during 1971-1986, left from one prominent swedish transplant surgeons of that time – Sven-Eric Bergentz – I investigate how clinicians sought ways to solve the controversial problem of organ procurement. The institutionalization of organ transplantion through the public health care system also included a need to organize and legitimize organ procurement, and the study shows how this was solved partly by efforts to redefine death. In other words, the battle over society’s right to use citizen’s organs to treat other patients was fought through the question of ”brain death”, which constituted one of the most important questions for the early transplant surgeons to solve. The study shows that the way ethics came into play in the debate, was a result of efforts to solve clinical practical problems involving organ procurement by invoking and challenging cultural beliefs about the human body and soul. Moreover, while the early transplant surgeons tried to redefine conceptual borders in order to create rules that promoted organ procurement, their daily clinical work rather resulted in trancendence of existing borders, partly making them irrelevant. The ontologization and categorization that the early transplant surgeons was involved with in their strive to expand and institutionalize organ procurement through, does not reflect the fluidity of biological, ontological and moral borders was reflected in organ transplantation as research and practice during its forming years after the second world war. (Less)
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author
Lihv, Rebecca LU
supervisor
organization
course
ILHM05 20171
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
language
Swedish
id
8927189
date added to LUP
2018-05-18 10:03:11
date last changed
2018-05-18 10:03:11
@misc{8927189,
  abstract     = {The following thesis examines the work of the early swedish transplant surgeons with special regards to the question of organ procurement. Through a careful reading of letters during 1971-1986, left from one prominent swedish transplant surgeons of that time – Sven-Eric Bergentz – I investigate how clinicians sought ways to solve the controversial problem of organ procurement. The institutionalization of organ transplantion through the public health care system also included a need to organize and legitimize organ procurement, and the study shows how this was solved partly by efforts to redefine death. In other words, the battle over society’s right to use citizen’s organs to treat other patients was fought through the question of ”brain death”, which constituted one of the most important questions for the early transplant surgeons to solve. The study shows that the way ethics came into play in the debate, was a result of efforts to solve clinical practical problems involving organ procurement by invoking and challenging cultural beliefs about the human body and soul. Moreover, while the early transplant surgeons tried to redefine conceptual borders in order to create rules that promoted organ procurement, their daily clinical work rather resulted in trancendence of existing borders, partly making them irrelevant. The ontologization and categorization that the early transplant surgeons was involved with in their strive to expand and institutionalize organ procurement through, does not reflect the fluidity of biological, ontological and moral borders was reflected in organ transplantation as research and practice during its forming years after the second world war.},
  author       = {Lihv, Rebecca},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {På gränsen mellan liv och död - Om organanskaffning, transplantation och hjärndödens införande i Sverige},
  year         = {2017},
}