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LEP, LHC, och SSC: En strukturfokuserad jämförelse av faktorer för framgångar och misslyckanden i vetenskapliga projekt i mångmiljardklassen

Carlsson, Daniel LU (2017) ILHK01 20171
Division of History of Ideas and Sciences
Abstract
In 1964, a theory was presented on how an invisible field is acting in nature, which causes mass to arise. The theory gives an explanation of how something can come from nothing and thus takes humanity one step closer to understanding how the universe works. Proving the theory was problematized by the fact that no experiments could be conducted since particle accelerators at the time weren't powerful enough. Not until 2013, when the results of the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) had been analyzed, the field's smallest component, the Higgs boson, could be confirmed and the theory proved to be true. The glory of the discovery fell upon, among others, Peter Higgs and Françoise Englert who first presented the theory, the facility that CERN... (More)
In 1964, a theory was presented on how an invisible field is acting in nature, which causes mass to arise. The theory gives an explanation of how something can come from nothing and thus takes humanity one step closer to understanding how the universe works. Proving the theory was problematized by the fact that no experiments could be conducted since particle accelerators at the time weren't powerful enough. Not until 2013, when the results of the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) had been analyzed, the field's smallest component, the Higgs boson, could be confirmed and the theory proved to be true. The glory of the discovery fell upon, among others, Peter Higgs and Françoise Englert who first presented the theory, the facility that CERN (Organisation Européenne pour la Recherche Nucléaire) had created, and the research teams carrying out the experiments. On the other side of the Atlantic, in Texas, one could at the same time gaze upon the remnants of the partially completed Superconducting Super Collider (SSC), which had been abandoned since the mid 1990s. The accelerator was meant to prove the existence of the Higgs boson years ahead of the LHC, but the US Congress, partially due to ever-increasing costs, scrapped the project before completion. The study will make a detailed comparison between specific events that led to CERN's success and the United States failure in the search of the Higgs boson. This study concludes that willingness to cooperate on an international level is a crucial component in high-energy experimental physics. (Less)
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author
Carlsson, Daniel LU
supervisor
organization
course
ILHK01 20171
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
LEP, LHC, SSC, Higgs Boson, Partikelaccelerator, CERN, Projekt
language
Swedish
id
8927566
date added to LUP
2017-12-04 07:38:57
date last changed
2017-12-04 07:38:57
@misc{8927566,
  abstract     = {In 1964, a theory was presented on how an invisible field is acting in nature, which causes mass to arise. The theory gives an explanation of how something can come from nothing and thus takes humanity one step closer to understanding how the universe works. Proving the theory was problematized by the fact that no experiments could be conducted since particle accelerators at the time weren't powerful enough. Not until 2013, when the results of the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) had been analyzed, the field's smallest component, the Higgs boson, could be confirmed and the theory proved to be true. The glory of the discovery fell upon, among others, Peter Higgs and Françoise Englert who first presented the theory, the facility that CERN (Organisation Européenne pour la Recherche Nucléaire) had created, and the research teams carrying out the experiments. On the other side of the Atlantic, in Texas, one could at the same time gaze upon the remnants of the partially completed Superconducting Super Collider (SSC), which had been abandoned since the mid 1990s. The accelerator was meant to prove the existence of the Higgs boson years ahead of the LHC, but the US Congress, partially due to ever-increasing costs, scrapped the project before completion. The study will make a detailed comparison between specific events that led to CERN's success and the United States failure in the search of the Higgs boson. This study concludes that willingness to cooperate on an international level is a crucial component in high-energy experimental physics.},
  author       = {Carlsson, Daniel},
  keyword      = {LEP,LHC,SSC,Higgs Boson,Partikelaccelerator,CERN,Projekt},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {LEP, LHC, och SSC: En strukturfokuserad jämförelse av faktorer för framgångar och misslyckanden i vetenskapliga projekt i mångmiljardklassen},
  year         = {2017},
}