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Methodology for a tool to assess daylight reflector tilt

Ajenjo Vallés, Pedro LU (2018) AEBM01 20181
Energy and Building Design
Abstract
Artificial lighting energy consumption in buildings can be reduced by efficiently daylighting the occupied spaces. Artificial lighting comprehends 21 % of the total energy consumption in tertiary buildings (Swedish energy agency, 2015). In many buildings daylight access is neglected, thus redirecting daylight is an efficient strategy to optimize daylighting while keeping the same area of openings for daylight. Furthermore, daylighting has proven to improve health and productivity of users (G. i Pallardo, 2011).
This thesis, which final goal is to improve daylight in buildings, describes the methodology to design and develop a tool to assess optimal tilt for planar daylight reflectors in courtyards. This methodology builds a tool which... (More)
Artificial lighting energy consumption in buildings can be reduced by efficiently daylighting the occupied spaces. Artificial lighting comprehends 21 % of the total energy consumption in tertiary buildings (Swedish energy agency, 2015). In many buildings daylight access is neglected, thus redirecting daylight is an efficient strategy to optimize daylighting while keeping the same area of openings for daylight. Furthermore, daylighting has proven to improve health and productivity of users (G. i Pallardo, 2011).
This thesis, which final goal is to improve daylight in buildings, describes the methodology to design and develop a tool to assess optimal tilt for planar daylight reflectors in courtyards. This methodology builds a tool which extracts efficiency values related to input data and reach a result. The tool development has four phases:
First, the factors influencing daylight with reflectors in courtyards were described. Through computer simulation with Honeybee for Grasshopper in Rhinoceros 5.0, case condition were simulated by varying one factor per simulation while keeping others constant. Afterwards, efficiency results were obtained by comparing the simulation with reflector results with the results of the simulation without reflector. And finally, using a study case condition input in the tool and comparing those conditions to the previously simulated with similar conditions, a tilt is assessed.
With the developed methodology, a tool was achieved with which a tilt for fixed reflectors was assessed for a case condition. Moreover, the tool results included efficiency table with an estimated efficiency for each result.
This document also includes a parametric study to assess the optimal tilt for a reflector in a case and compare its results with the result obtained by the tool. The comparison showed an accurate tilt assessment and comparable daylight improvement assessment.
By developing the tool, the time taken to assess possible efficiency and tilt for a reflector is reduced. Furthermore, the tool is transferable and easy to use by non-qualified users. (Less)
Popular Abstract
Daylight is a sustainable and economical strategy to reduce energy consumption. Currently, many buildings have a high consumption of electricity due to the use of artificial lighting during hours of daylight. This is caused because the architectural design did not contemplate the use of daylight. Since the geometry and other architectural elements such as windows, are not possible to modify cost-efficiently or easily a solution is to redirect the daylight towards the spaces that require illumination. This will to improve the daylight access, and therefore it will reduce the energy consumption. It has also other advantages over artificial lighting, such as improving the health and performance of the building occupants.
Reflectors are high... (More)
Daylight is a sustainable and economical strategy to reduce energy consumption. Currently, many buildings have a high consumption of electricity due to the use of artificial lighting during hours of daylight. This is caused because the architectural design did not contemplate the use of daylight. Since the geometry and other architectural elements such as windows, are not possible to modify cost-efficiently or easily a solution is to redirect the daylight towards the spaces that require illumination. This will to improve the daylight access, and therefore it will reduce the energy consumption. It has also other advantages over artificial lighting, such as improving the health and performance of the building occupants.
Reflectors are high reflective surfaces to redirect sunlight or daylight in buildings. However, a long study is required to assess the reflectors correct position and characteristics. There are tools to automatize the process, yet it is time consuming and inefficient for preliminary studies. The development of a tool to fastly achieve accurate results is, therefore a need and the goal of this thesis.
The methodology explained here allows consultants to assess a single characteristic optimal and accurately values without investing the time to perform a parametric study. This methodology, basically, pre-generates multiple possibilities and keeps the results accessible in a spreadsheet tool. The tool shows the optimal tilt to the user’s inputs conditions by comparing them to the obtained by pre-generated possibilities.
In this thesis, the goal is to improve the daylight performance in a courtyard by installing reflectors by developing a methodology. The methodology allows to create a spreadsheet tool to assess the optimal tilt of the reflector for annual and monthly periods of time.
The tool results was compared with the results from a parametric study to assess the optimal tilt in a fixed reflector. The comparison showed that the tool was accurate in the tilt calculation and that reflectors are efficient in the Copenhagen area. Reflectors are especially efficient for the winter season when the sun position is low and therefore the solar light does not reach the floor of the courtyard. Therefore, the annual optimal tilt does not coincide with the specific optimal tilt for a particular season or month of the year. Efficient reflectors can improve daylight performance and thus reduce electricity demand for artificial lighting. Furthermore, people feel better by having daylight in their working and living spaces instead of using exclusively artificial lights.
This thesis explains how the methodology was developed in several steps. First, the factors influencing daylight and reflector systems were identified. Then, the results of daylight simulations with and without reflectors were compared to assess the reflectors influence on the daylight performance in the courtyard. Finally, the results were compiled in a database to access from the tool and obtain particular cases results. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Ajenjo Vallés, Pedro LU
supervisor
organization
course
AEBM01 20181
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Reflectors, Daylight, Design, Spreadsheet-tool
language
English
id
8940233
date added to LUP
2018-06-13 14:45:50
date last changed
2018-06-13 14:45:50
@misc{8940233,
  abstract     = {Artificial lighting energy consumption in buildings can be reduced by efficiently daylighting the occupied spaces. Artificial lighting comprehends 21 % of the total energy consumption in tertiary buildings (Swedish energy agency, 2015). In many buildings daylight access is neglected, thus redirecting daylight is an efficient strategy to optimize daylighting while keeping the same area of openings for daylight. Furthermore, daylighting has proven to improve health and productivity of users (G. i Pallardo, 2011). 
This thesis, which final goal is to improve daylight in buildings, describes the methodology to design and develop a tool to assess optimal tilt for planar daylight reflectors in courtyards. This methodology builds a tool which extracts efficiency values related to input data and reach a result. The tool development has four phases: 
First, the factors influencing daylight with reflectors in courtyards were described. Through computer simulation with Honeybee for Grasshopper in Rhinoceros 5.0, case condition were simulated by varying one factor per simulation while keeping others constant. Afterwards, efficiency results were obtained by comparing the simulation with reflector results with the results of the simulation without reflector. And finally, using a study case condition input in the tool and comparing those conditions to the previously simulated with similar conditions, a tilt is assessed. 
With the developed methodology, a tool was achieved with which a tilt for fixed reflectors was assessed for a case condition. Moreover, the tool results included efficiency table with an estimated efficiency for each result. 
This document also includes a parametric study to assess the optimal tilt for a reflector in a case and compare its results with the result obtained by the tool. The comparison showed an accurate tilt assessment and comparable daylight improvement assessment. 
By developing the tool, the time taken to assess possible efficiency and tilt for a reflector is reduced. Furthermore, the tool is transferable and easy to use by non-qualified users.},
  author       = {Ajenjo Vallés, Pedro},
  keyword      = {Reflectors,Daylight,Design,Spreadsheet-tool},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Methodology for a tool to assess daylight reflector tilt},
  year         = {2018},
}