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Sverige, Finland och Nato efter Krim - En fallstudie av skillnaden i synen på Natomedlemskap

Petersen, Robert LU (2018) STVU15 20181
Department of Political Science
Abstract
Sweden and Finland have very similar strategic situations being militarily non-aligned, perceiving an increased military threat from Russia, and engaging in extensive partnerships with NATO. However, the two nations have chosen different approaches towards a hypothetical NATO membership. Sweden has officially closed the door to membership while Finland maintains an option to join NATO if deemed necessary. This case study aims to explain why Finland and Sweden have chosen these different stands. The analysis uses Allison's and Zelikow's Rational Actor and Governmental Politics Models to analyse national security policy and parliamentary decision making. The study shows that Finland’s NATO option is rational, given the nations confidence in... (More)
Sweden and Finland have very similar strategic situations being militarily non-aligned, perceiving an increased military threat from Russia, and engaging in extensive partnerships with NATO. However, the two nations have chosen different approaches towards a hypothetical NATO membership. Sweden has officially closed the door to membership while Finland maintains an option to join NATO if deemed necessary. This case study aims to explain why Finland and Sweden have chosen these different stands. The analysis uses Allison's and Zelikow's Rational Actor and Governmental Politics Models to analyse national security policy and parliamentary decision making. The study shows that Finland’s NATO option is rational, given the nations confidence in its national defence, maintaining an open relation to its neighbour Russia, while keeping the door open if the need should arise. The general parliamentary consensus regarding a national independent narrative supports the option, while opinions differ as to the criteria for it to be activated. Sweden, on the other hand, having a more polarised national debate, can be described as choosing the most rational option available through parliamentary politics bargaining. As opinions and narratives are polarised, public opinion weak and disinterested, the political incentives for change are marginal. (Less)
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author
Petersen, Robert LU
supervisor
organization
course
STVU15 20181
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Sverige, Finland, Nato, alliansfrihet, säkerhetspolitik, Natooption, Natomedlemskap.
language
Swedish
id
8940532
date added to LUP
2018-06-05 14:26:25
date last changed
2018-06-05 14:26:25
@misc{8940532,
  abstract     = {Sweden and Finland have very similar strategic situations being militarily non-aligned, perceiving an increased military threat from Russia, and engaging in extensive partnerships with NATO. However, the two nations have chosen different approaches towards a hypothetical NATO membership. Sweden has officially closed the door to membership while Finland maintains an option to join NATO if deemed necessary. This case study aims to explain why Finland and Sweden have chosen these different stands. The analysis uses Allison's and Zelikow's Rational Actor and Governmental Politics Models to analyse national security policy and parliamentary decision making. The study shows that Finland’s NATO option is rational, given the nations confidence in its national defence, maintaining an open relation to its neighbour Russia, while keeping the door open if the need should arise. The general parliamentary consensus regarding a national independent narrative supports the option, while opinions differ as to the criteria for it to be activated. Sweden, on the other hand, having a more polarised national debate, can be described as choosing the most rational option available through parliamentary politics bargaining. As opinions and narratives are polarised, public opinion weak and disinterested, the political incentives for change are marginal.},
  author       = {Petersen, Robert},
  keyword      = {Sverige,Finland,Nato,alliansfrihet,säkerhetspolitik,Natooption,Natomedlemskap.},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Sverige, Finland och Nato efter Krim - En fallstudie av skillnaden i synen på Natomedlemskap},
  year         = {2018},
}