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De politiska domarna - en kritisk granskning av nämndemannasystemet

Albinsson, Martin LU (2018) LAGF03 20181
Department of Law
Faculty of Law
Abstract (Swedish)
I Sverige har lekmän deltagit i våra domstolar sedan 800 år. I dagens svenska domstolar sitter juridisk outbildade men politiskt utvalda nämndemän och dömer sida vid sida med juridiskt utbildade domare. Systemet motiveras med att medborgarna ska få insyn i domstolarna och juristdomarna inte ska tappa kontakten med allmänhetens rättsliga värderingar. På senare tid har enskilda nämndemän uppvisat stor olämplighet, och systemet med lekmannamedverkan i domstolarna har debatterats och kritiserats kraftigt i media. En bristande överensstämmelse mellan nämndemännen och den befolkning de ska representera och döma över innebär ett problem för systemets legitimitet. Nämndemännens politiska hemvist visar sig dessutom ha en avgörande betydelse för... (More)
I Sverige har lekmän deltagit i våra domstolar sedan 800 år. I dagens svenska domstolar sitter juridisk outbildade men politiskt utvalda nämndemän och dömer sida vid sida med juridiskt utbildade domare. Systemet motiveras med att medborgarna ska få insyn i domstolarna och juristdomarna inte ska tappa kontakten med allmänhetens rättsliga värderingar. På senare tid har enskilda nämndemän uppvisat stor olämplighet, och systemet med lekmannamedverkan i domstolarna har debatterats och kritiserats kraftigt i media. En bristande överensstämmelse mellan nämndemännen och den befolkning de ska representera och döma över innebär ett problem för systemets legitimitet. Nämndemännens politiska hemvist visar sig dessutom ha en avgörande betydelse för utgången i olika mål. Denna uppsats försöker besvara frågan varför vi tillåter politiskt utsedda lekmän som domare i domstolarna. Mina slutsatser blir i princip: på grund av avsaknad av bättre alternativ. (Less)
Abstract
Laymen have been a part of the Swedish judiciary for 800 years. Today, politically appointed laymen are judging side by side with legally trained judges in Swedish courts. The system with participation of legally untrained and inexperienced judges is based on the assumption that it increases transparency in the courts, and that the legally trained judges would otherwise lose contact with the people, and its notion of justice. Lately a debate in the media and civil society has blossomed, putting the whole concept of participation of lay judges in Swedish courts under critique. A lack of correspondence concerning age and economic conditions between the lay judges and the citizens they are meant to represent threatens the legitimacy of the... (More)
Laymen have been a part of the Swedish judiciary for 800 years. Today, politically appointed laymen are judging side by side with legally trained judges in Swedish courts. The system with participation of legally untrained and inexperienced judges is based on the assumption that it increases transparency in the courts, and that the legally trained judges would otherwise lose contact with the people, and its notion of justice. Lately a debate in the media and civil society has blossomed, putting the whole concept of participation of lay judges in Swedish courts under critique. A lack of correspondence concerning age and economic conditions between the lay judges and the citizens they are meant to represent threatens the legitimacy of the system in its current form. Some recent studies indicate that the political views of the individual lay judges can be of crucial significance on the ruling in some cases. This essay attempts to answer the question why Sweden allows the participation of politically appointed lay judges in its courts. My conclusion is basically: in lack of a better option. (Less)
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author
Albinsson, Martin LU
supervisor
organization
course
LAGF03 20181
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
allmän rättslära, komparativ rätt, processrätt, rättshistoria, straffrätt, nämndemän, lekmannadomare
language
Swedish
id
8941134
date added to LUP
2018-07-07 11:27:35
date last changed
2018-07-07 11:27:35
@misc{8941134,
  abstract     = {Laymen have been a part of the Swedish judiciary for 800 years. Today, politically appointed laymen are judging side by side with legally trained judges in Swedish courts. The system with participation of legally untrained and inexperienced judges is based on the assumption that it increases transparency in the courts, and that the legally trained judges would otherwise lose contact with the people, and its notion of justice. Lately a debate in the media and civil society has blossomed, putting the whole concept of participation of lay judges in Swedish courts under critique. A lack of correspondence concerning age and economic conditions between the lay judges and the citizens they are meant to represent threatens the legitimacy of the system in its current form. Some recent studies indicate that the political views of the individual lay judges can be of crucial significance on the ruling in some cases. This essay attempts to answer the question why Sweden allows the participation of politically appointed lay judges in its courts. My conclusion is basically: in lack of a better option.},
  author       = {Albinsson, Martin},
  keyword      = {allmän rättslära,komparativ rätt,processrätt,rättshistoria,straffrätt,nämndemän,lekmannadomare},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {De politiska domarna - en kritisk granskning av nämndemannasystemet},
  year         = {2018},
}