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”Vi måste tro på oss själva” – en studie om ledarskapets påverkan på collective efficacy hos lagidrottare

Gullers Ahlin, Oscar LU and von Uthmann, Christoffer LU (2018) PSYK11 20181
Department of Psychology
Abstract
Previous research showed that the three leadership styles in the CPE-model (Change-, Production- & Employee-centered leadership) varies in efficiency. Further research showed that prior performances has a positive correlation with collective efficacy. The relationship between the CPE-model and collective efficacy, however has not been researched. This study, therefore, aimed at answering whether perceived leadership and prior performance can predict collective efficacy. An internet survey was answered by 91 team athletes in different codependent sports. The survey consisted of two existing questionnaires, Collective Efficacy Questionnaire for Sports and CPE-leadership model as well as an introduction with questions about gender, age, sport... (More)
Previous research showed that the three leadership styles in the CPE-model (Change-, Production- & Employee-centered leadership) varies in efficiency. Further research showed that prior performances has a positive correlation with collective efficacy. The relationship between the CPE-model and collective efficacy, however has not been researched. This study, therefore, aimed at answering whether perceived leadership and prior performance can predict collective efficacy. An internet survey was answered by 91 team athletes in different codependent sports. The survey consisted of two existing questionnaires, Collective Efficacy Questionnaire for Sports and CPE-leadership model as well as an introduction with questions about gender, age, sport affiliation and prior performances. The effect on collective efficacy was measured by four prediction variables including prior performances and the three leadership styles of the CPE-model. A standard multiple regression was conducted to try the hypotheses. The results showed that the model had an effect on collective efficacy. Change- and Production-centered leadership and prior performances showed a positive correlation to collective efficacy. Prior performances were the only variable to have an individual effect on the criteria variable. The study aimed to clarify which of the leadership styles that would have the most positive effect on collective efficacy, as well as make teams aware of the importance of prior performances. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Tidigare forskning visade på att ledarskapsstilarna i CPE-modellen (Change-, Production- & Employee-centered leadership) är olika effektiva. Annan forskning visade att tidigare prestationer har en positiv korrelation till collective efficacy. Sambandet mellan CPE-modellen och collective efficacy inom idrottslag har däremot inte undersökts. Studiens frågeställning var därför att undersöka hur det upplevda ledarskapet samt lagets tidigare prestationer, predicerar lagets collective efficacy. En internetenkät besvarades av 91 stycken lagidrottare i olika ömsesidigt beroende lagsporter. Enkäten bestod av två färdiga frågeformulär, vilka var Collective Efficacy Questionnaire for Sports och CPE-leadership model, samt en inledning med frågor om... (More)
Tidigare forskning visade på att ledarskapsstilarna i CPE-modellen (Change-, Production- & Employee-centered leadership) är olika effektiva. Annan forskning visade att tidigare prestationer har en positiv korrelation till collective efficacy. Sambandet mellan CPE-modellen och collective efficacy inom idrottslag har däremot inte undersökts. Studiens frågeställning var därför att undersöka hur det upplevda ledarskapet samt lagets tidigare prestationer, predicerar lagets collective efficacy. En internetenkät besvarades av 91 stycken lagidrottare i olika ömsesidigt beroende lagsporter. Enkäten bestod av två färdiga frågeformulär, vilka var Collective Efficacy Questionnaire for Sports och CPE-leadership model, samt en inledning med frågor om deltagarnas kön, ålder, idrottstillhörighet samt tidigare prestationer. Påverkan på kriterievariabeln mättes utifrån fyra prediktorvariabler, vilka var CPE-modellens tre ledarskapsstilar, samt tidigare prestationer. En standard multipel regressionsanalys gjordes för att pröva studiens hypoteser. Resultatet visade på att CPE-modellens ledarskapsstilar och tidigare prestationer hade en effekt på collective efficacy. Change- och Production-centered leadership samt tidigare prestationer visade på en positiv korrelation till collective efficacy. Tidigare prestationer var enda prediktorvariabeln som hade en enskild effekt på collective efficacy. Resultatet hoppades kunna ge förståelse kring vilken ledarskapsstil som är bäst lämpad för att lyckas öka spelarnas collective efficacy, samt att öka idrottslags medvetande om vikten av tidigare prestationer. (Less)
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author
Gullers Ahlin, Oscar LU and von Uthmann, Christoffer LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSYK11 20181
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Collective efficacy, Ledarskap, CPE-modellen, Lagidrott, Prestation, Sport
language
Swedish
id
8944718
date added to LUP
2018-06-04 16:36:03
date last changed
2018-06-04 16:36:03
@misc{8944718,
  abstract     = {Previous research showed that the three leadership styles in the CPE-model (Change-, Production- & Employee-centered leadership) varies in efficiency. Further research showed that prior performances has a positive correlation with collective efficacy. The relationship between the CPE-model and collective efficacy, however has not been researched. This study, therefore, aimed at answering whether perceived leadership and prior performance can predict collective efficacy. An internet survey was answered by 91 team athletes in different codependent sports. The survey consisted of two existing questionnaires, Collective Efficacy Questionnaire for Sports and CPE-leadership model as well as an introduction with questions about gender, age, sport affiliation and prior performances. The effect on collective efficacy was measured by four prediction variables including prior performances and the three leadership styles of the CPE-model. A standard multiple regression was conducted to try the hypotheses. The results showed that the model had an effect on collective efficacy. Change- and Production-centered leadership and prior performances showed a positive correlation to collective efficacy. Prior performances were the only variable to have an individual effect on the criteria variable. The study aimed to clarify which of the leadership styles that would have the most positive effect on collective efficacy, as well as make teams aware of the importance of prior performances.},
  author       = {Gullers Ahlin, Oscar and von Uthmann, Christoffer},
  keyword      = {Collective efficacy,Ledarskap,CPE-modellen,Lagidrott,Prestation,Sport},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {”Vi måste tro på oss själva” – en studie om ledarskapets påverkan på collective efficacy hos lagidrottare},
  year         = {2018},
}