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Does extraversion correlate with style of epistemological justification?

Wingren, Nicklas LU (2018) PSYK11 20181
Department of Psychology
Abstract
We all have beliefs, and we justify these beliefs to ourselves and to others when questioned. The structure that these beliefs are built upon is a rationale, that itself, consists of different types of epistemological justifications. In this study I examined if the level of extraversion an individual expresses correlated with different styles of epistemological justification. The hypothesis was that there is a correlation between level of extraversion and propensity to make externalistic epistemological justifications. This correlation would be expressed as extraverted individuals would justify their epistemological beliefs like Externalists (by referring to things in the world), and that introverted individuals would justify their... (More)
We all have beliefs, and we justify these beliefs to ourselves and to others when questioned. The structure that these beliefs are built upon is a rationale, that itself, consists of different types of epistemological justifications. In this study I examined if the level of extraversion an individual expresses correlated with different styles of epistemological justification. The hypothesis was that there is a correlation between level of extraversion and propensity to make externalistic epistemological justifications. This correlation would be expressed as extraverted individuals would justify their epistemological beliefs like Externalists (by referring to things in the world), and that introverted individuals would justify their epistemological beliefs like Internalists (by referring to a private reference system of cognitions). An epistemological justification scale consisting of nine statements was constructed, and collected together with a standardized questionnaire measuring extraversion. Fifty-six people participated in the study. The epistemological justification scale did not achieve a sufficient level of reliability and the correlational results were non-significant. Based on the participant’s answers, it was concluded that either the epistemological justification statements were too abstract for the participants to understand, or that the participants did not know why they believed what they believed, on the abstract epistemological level. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Vi har alla trosuppfattningar, och vi rättfärdigar dessa trosuppfattningar för oss själva och till andra när de ifrågasätts. Den struktur som dessa övertygelser är byggda på är en logisk grund, som i sig består av olika typer av epistemologiska rättfärdiganden. I den här studien undersöktes om nivån av extraversion är associerat med på vilket sätt vi gör epistemologiska rättfärdiganden. Hypotesen var att det finns en korrelation mellan graden av extraversion och benägenheten att göra externalistiska epistemologiska rättfärdiganden. Denna korrelation skulle uttryckas genom att extraverta individer skulle rättfärdiga sina epistemologiska övertygelser som Externalister (genom att hänvisa till saker i världen om kring dem), och introverta... (More)
Vi har alla trosuppfattningar, och vi rättfärdigar dessa trosuppfattningar för oss själva och till andra när de ifrågasätts. Den struktur som dessa övertygelser är byggda på är en logisk grund, som i sig består av olika typer av epistemologiska rättfärdiganden. I den här studien undersöktes om nivån av extraversion är associerat med på vilket sätt vi gör epistemologiska rättfärdiganden. Hypotesen var att det finns en korrelation mellan graden av extraversion och benägenheten att göra externalistiska epistemologiska rättfärdiganden. Denna korrelation skulle uttryckas genom att extraverta individer skulle rättfärdiga sina epistemologiska övertygelser som Externalister (genom att hänvisa till saker i världen om kring dem), och introverta individer som Internalister (genom att hänvisa till ett kognitivt privat referenssystem). En skala för att mäta epistemologiska rättfärdiganden bestående av nio påståenden konstruerades och samlades in tillsammans med en standardiserad extraversion-skala. Femtiosex personer deltog i studien. Skalan som mätte epistemologiska rättfärdiganden hade relativt låg reliabilitet och korrelerade inte med graden av extraversion. Baserat på deltagarnas svar drogs slutsatsen att antingen så var de epistemologiska rättfärdigande påståenden för abstrakta för att förstås, eller så visste inte deltagarna varför de trodde det de trodde, det vill säga på den abstrakta epistemologiska nivån av trosuppfattningar. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Wingren, Nicklas LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSYK11 20181
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Extraversion, Epistemological, Justification, Externalism, Internalism
language
English
id
8945336
date added to LUP
2018-06-07 11:56:34
date last changed
2018-06-07 11:56:34
@misc{8945336,
  abstract     = {We all have beliefs, and we justify these beliefs to ourselves and to others when questioned. The structure that these beliefs are built upon is a rationale, that itself, consists of different types of epistemological justifications. In this study I examined if the level of extraversion an individual expresses correlated with different styles of epistemological justification. The hypothesis was that there is a correlation between level of extraversion and propensity to make externalistic epistemological justifications. This correlation would be expressed as extraverted individuals would justify their epistemological beliefs like Externalists (by referring to things in the world), and that introverted individuals would justify their epistemological beliefs like Internalists (by referring to a private reference system of cognitions). An epistemological justification scale consisting of nine statements was constructed, and collected together with a standardized questionnaire measuring extraversion. Fifty-six people participated in the study. The epistemological justification scale did not achieve a sufficient level of reliability and the correlational results were non-significant. Based on the participant’s answers, it was concluded that either the epistemological justification statements were too abstract for the participants to understand, or that the participants did not know why they believed what they believed, on the abstract epistemological level.},
  author       = {Wingren, Nicklas},
  keyword      = {Extraversion,Epistemological,Justification,Externalism,Internalism},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Does extraversion correlate with style of epistemological justification?},
  year         = {2018},
}