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The European Project : A Comparative Critical Discourse Analysis of Three State of the Union Speeches

Svensson, Louise LU (2018) EUHK30 20181
European Studies
Abstract
This thesis is a qualitative study on how the current President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, views the on-going project of European integration and how he constructs a ‘European identity’. The sample material consists of his three State of the Union speeches from 2015, 2016 and 2017, where Juncker reflects on events in the past year and presents the European Commission’s coming proposals. By applying methods of critical discourse analysis, together with theories on neo-functionalism, intergovernmentalism, social constructivism, ‘othering’ and identity construction, the author has attempted to identify any discursive changes in these speeches and thereafter analytically discussed reasons for these changes.

The results... (More)
This thesis is a qualitative study on how the current President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, views the on-going project of European integration and how he constructs a ‘European identity’. The sample material consists of his three State of the Union speeches from 2015, 2016 and 2017, where Juncker reflects on events in the past year and presents the European Commission’s coming proposals. By applying methods of critical discourse analysis, together with theories on neo-functionalism, intergovernmentalism, social constructivism, ‘othering’ and identity construction, the author has attempted to identify any discursive changes in these speeches and thereafter analytically discussed reasons for these changes.

The results show that Juncker shifts from taking a neo-functionalist approach to European integration in the State of the Union speech from 2015, to an intergovernmental approach in the speeches from 2016 and 2017. Furthermore, the appeal to common values as a means of constructing a ‘European identity’ is more prominent in the two later speeches. This thesis argues that these differences are results of major European events, or “crises”, such as the refugee crisis and the Brexit referendum. (Less)
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author
Svensson, Louise LU
supervisor
organization
course
EUHK30 20181
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
EU, Juncker, discourse, legitimisation, identity, Europastudier, State of the Union speeches
language
English
id
8952844
date added to LUP
2018-07-02 11:20:24
date last changed
2018-07-02 11:20:24
@misc{8952844,
  abstract     = {This thesis is a qualitative study on how the current President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, views the on-going project of European integration and how he constructs a ‘European identity’. The sample material consists of his three State of the Union speeches from 2015, 2016 and 2017, where Juncker reflects on events in the past year and presents the European Commission’s coming proposals. By applying methods of critical discourse analysis, together with theories on neo-functionalism, intergovernmentalism, social constructivism, ‘othering’ and identity construction, the author has attempted to identify any discursive changes in these speeches and thereafter analytically discussed reasons for these changes.

The results show that Juncker shifts from taking a neo-functionalist approach to European integration in the State of the Union speech from 2015, to an intergovernmental approach in the speeches from 2016 and 2017. Furthermore, the appeal to common values as a means of constructing a ‘European identity’ is more prominent in the two later speeches. This thesis argues that these differences are results of major European events, or “crises”, such as the refugee crisis and the Brexit referendum.},
  author       = {Svensson, Louise},
  keyword      = {EU,Juncker,discourse,legitimisation,identity,Europastudier,State of the Union speeches},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {The European Project : A Comparative Critical Discourse Analysis of Three State of the Union Speeches},
  year         = {2018},
}