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Evaluating undrained shear strength of clay with DPSH-A - A down to earth assessment of the applicability in Scania, Sweden

Knutsson, Julia LU (2018) In TVGT-5000 VGTM01 20181
Geotechnical Engineering
Department of Construction Sciences
Abstract
The undrained shear strength of cohesive soils is an important parameter to
assess in geotechnical investigations. It is normally evaluated with the cone penetration test (CPT) but problems with penetrating coarse, heterogeneous materials that is also hard, such as clay till, have pointed the interest towards other possible in-situ methods. This has led to studies assessing the possibility to evaluate undrained shear strength from dynamic probing. This thesis evaluates a suggested relation between the dynamic probing and the undrained shear strength of soft clays in Scania, Sweden. The undrained shear strength was evaluated by dynamic probing, CPT, field vane and piston sampling to obtained undisturbed samples for triaxial tests in the... (More)
The undrained shear strength of cohesive soils is an important parameter to
assess in geotechnical investigations. It is normally evaluated with the cone penetration test (CPT) but problems with penetrating coarse, heterogeneous materials that is also hard, such as clay till, have pointed the interest towards other possible in-situ methods. This has led to studies assessing the possibility to evaluate undrained shear strength from dynamic probing. This thesis evaluates a suggested relation between the dynamic probing and the undrained shear strength of soft clays in Scania, Sweden. The undrained shear strength was evaluated by dynamic probing, CPT, field vane and piston sampling to obtained undisturbed samples for triaxial tests in the laboratory. The undrained shear strength evaluated with DPSH-A, according to the studied relation, is consistently lower than the same parameter evaluated from triaxial testing, indicating an inaccuracy of the relation. However, with only two triaxial tests conducted it is difficult to draw conclusions. The comparison between DPSH-A and CPT did not indicate any reliable correlation with the studied relation, albeit the scatter is large. The data set obtained by field vane was largely scattered and no indication of the accuracy of the proposed relation could be given. An intention was made to find better suited relations for Swedish soft clay, however R2-values of around 0,25 - 0,30 indicated that the data was largely scattered and no new relations could be suggested. Additionally, suspicions were raised that the data from DPSHA might be unreliable because of the fact that the DPSH-A was conducted in such a soft clay that the recommended minimum number of blows per penetrated unit was not achieved. This indicates a possible source of error, probably affecting also the final results and analysis.

In conclusion, it is possible that the studied relation between the calculated dynamic tip pressure from DPSH-A and the evaluated undrained shear strength of soft clay could be accurate in soft Swedish clays, but further research is needed. (Less)
Popular Abstract (Swedish)
Att utvärdera jordens hållfasthet inför byggande av hus, vägar och broar är en mycket viktig uppgift. I Skåne består jorden till stora delar av lermorän, vilket är en jord som innehåller mycket lera, men också sand, grus och sten i olika storlekar. Denna typ av jord försvårar många gånger arbetet med att utvärdera markens egenskaper. Dock har nya metoder testats internationellt, i ett första steg på lera, vilket skulle kunna förenkla,
effektivisera och dra ned kostnaderna för geotekniska projekt. Frågan är, kan vi använda oss av denna nya metod här i Sverige?
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Knutsson, Julia LU
supervisor
organization
course
VGTM01 20181
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
publication/series
TVGT-5000
report number
TVGT-5064
ISSN
0349-4977
language
English
id
8958388
alternative location
http://www.geoteknik.lth.se/english/publications/tvgt-5000/
date added to LUP
2018-09-14 10:27:18
date last changed
2018-09-14 10:27:18
@misc{8958388,
  abstract     = {The undrained shear strength of cohesive soils is an important parameter to
assess in geotechnical investigations. It is normally evaluated with the cone penetration test (CPT) but problems with penetrating coarse, heterogeneous materials that is also hard, such as clay till, have pointed the interest towards other possible in-situ methods. This has led to studies assessing the possibility to evaluate undrained shear strength from dynamic probing. This thesis evaluates a suggested relation between the dynamic probing and the undrained shear strength of soft clays in Scania, Sweden. The undrained shear strength was evaluated by dynamic probing, CPT, field vane and piston sampling to obtained undisturbed samples for triaxial tests in the laboratory. The undrained shear strength evaluated with DPSH-A, according to the studied relation, is consistently lower than the same parameter evaluated from triaxial testing, indicating an inaccuracy of the relation. However, with only two triaxial tests conducted it is difficult to draw conclusions. The comparison between DPSH-A and CPT did not indicate any reliable correlation with the studied relation, albeit the scatter is large. The data set obtained by field vane was largely scattered and no indication of the accuracy of the proposed relation could be given. An intention was made to find better suited relations for Swedish soft clay, however R2-values of around 0,25 - 0,30 indicated that the data was largely scattered and no new relations could be suggested. Additionally, suspicions were raised that the data from DPSHA might be unreliable because of the fact that the DPSH-A was conducted in such a soft clay that the recommended minimum number of blows per penetrated unit was not achieved. This indicates a possible source of error, probably affecting also the final results and analysis.

In conclusion, it is possible that the studied relation between the calculated dynamic tip pressure from DPSH-A and the evaluated undrained shear strength of soft clay could be accurate in soft Swedish clays, but further research is needed.},
  author       = {Knutsson, Julia},
  issn         = {0349-4977},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {TVGT-5000},
  title        = {Evaluating undrained shear strength of clay with DPSH-A - A down to earth assessment of the applicability in Scania, Sweden},
  year         = {2018},
}