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Modelling of respiratory mechanics during cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Babiera Sancho, Carlos (2019)
Department of Automatic Control
Abstract
Cardiac arrest is a common cause of death. Medical treatment consists of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, comprising chest compressions and ventilation (both of which can be either manually or automatically provided) to recover the normal functioning of the heart.

A good modelling of the process is essential to be able to study different current methods, providing a better understanding of the process itself and, therefore, furthering the developing of new and better cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques.

This thesis aims to model respiratory mechanics during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Two different ventilation methods (continuous insufflation of oxygen, CIO, and phase-controlled intermittent intratracheal insufflation of... (More)
Cardiac arrest is a common cause of death. Medical treatment consists of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, comprising chest compressions and ventilation (both of which can be either manually or automatically provided) to recover the normal functioning of the heart.

A good modelling of the process is essential to be able to study different current methods, providing a better understanding of the process itself and, therefore, furthering the developing of new and better cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques.

This thesis aims to model respiratory mechanics during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Two different ventilation methods (continuous insufflation of oxygen, CIO, and phase-controlled intermittent intratracheal insufflation of oxygen, PIIO) are simulated and compared in two different simulation models based on the RIC and Mead electrical circuits models.

Although the developed models are simple, they capture some fundamental physiological differences between the ventilation methods, previously observed in porcine studies. To make a reliable quantitative comparison, further data on which to base ventilation and chest compression augmentations of the considered respiratory mechanics models is required. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Babiera Sancho, Carlos
supervisor
organization
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
report number
TFRT-6077
ISSN
0280-5316
language
English
id
8969671
date added to LUP
2019-06-12 11:40:34
date last changed
2019-06-12 11:40:34
@misc{8969671,
  abstract     = {Cardiac arrest is a common cause of death. Medical treatment consists of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, comprising chest compressions and ventilation (both of which can be either manually or automatically provided) to recover the normal functioning of the heart.

A good modelling of the process is essential to be able to study different current methods, providing a better understanding of the process itself and, therefore, furthering the developing of new and better cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques.

This thesis aims to model respiratory mechanics during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Two different ventilation methods (continuous insufflation of oxygen, CIO, and phase-controlled intermittent intratracheal insufflation of oxygen, PIIO) are simulated and compared in two different simulation models based on the RIC and Mead electrical circuits models.

Although the developed models are simple, they capture some fundamental physiological differences between the ventilation methods, previously observed in porcine studies. To make a reliable quantitative comparison, further data on which to base ventilation and chest compression augmentations of the considered respiratory mechanics models is required.},
  author       = {Babiera Sancho, Carlos},
  issn         = {0280-5316},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Modelling of respiratory mechanics during cardiopulmonary resuscitation},
  year         = {2019},
}