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Energy-water nexus in Mexico: A network-based approach of polycentric governance.

Gómez Zamudio, Ricardo LU (2019) In Master Thesis Series in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science MESM02 20191
LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies)
Abstract
By 2050, sixty percent of human population worldwide is going to live in cities. This will increase
natural resource consumption to provide products and services in cities. Additionally, current policy
making is done through a silo thinking mindset where unintended consequences can undermine
natural resources availability. To overcome this problem, I propose to use the urban nexus approach
as a starting point of analysis to increase urban resource efficiency. However, the urban nexus
proposal has been directed toward measuring material flows which have not proven to provide
enough information for policy and decision-making. Studying social flows, such as governance
systems adds an essential social perspective to supplement material... (More)
By 2050, sixty percent of human population worldwide is going to live in cities. This will increase
natural resource consumption to provide products and services in cities. Additionally, current policy
making is done through a silo thinking mindset where unintended consequences can undermine
natural resources availability. To overcome this problem, I propose to use the urban nexus approach
as a starting point of analysis to increase urban resource efficiency. However, the urban nexus
proposal has been directed toward measuring material flows which have not proven to provide
enough information for policy and decision-making. Studying social flows, such as governance
systems adds an essential social perspective to supplement material flows analysis, as governance
sets up the conditions for extraction, consumption and disposal of natural resources. Therefore, I
look at urban nexus, especially energy-water nexus, under a polycentric governance lens for
providing products and services and enhancing natural resource management in Mexico.
Additionally, I supplement urban nexus and polycentric governance frameworks by using the social
network analysis to understand stakeholders’ relationships between the energy and water sectors
in Mexico City. According to my results, Mexico’s energy (electricity) governance system is not
polycentric, however, the water sector shares some polycentricity governance traits. Due to these
central control rules of resources, some barriers appear, such as diminishing local authorities’
abilities to implement an energy-water nexus project that drives national authorities to be key
stakeholders to manage this kind of project. However, polycentric governance has proven useful to
propose recommendations to overcome these barriers through strengthening local authority’s
capacities. This study contributes by filling the gap between the urban nexus approach and
polycentric governance and provides key stakeholders according to current socio-economic settings
in Mexico, which can push forward urban nexus initiatives and pave the way to polycentric
governance of natural resources. (Less)
Abstract (Spanish)
Para el año 2050, más de la mitad de la población mundial vivirá en ciudades. Esto aumentará el
consumo de recursos naturales para proporcionar productos y servicios a las ciudades. Además, las
políticas públicas actuales se realizan en un marco de silos institucionales en donde las
consecuencias no previstas pueden socavar la disponibilidad de los recursos naturales. Para superar
este problema, propongo utilizar el enfoque de nexo urbano como punto de análisis para aumentar
la eficiencia de los recursos urbanos y mejorar el desempeño institucional. Sin embargo, la
propuesta de nexo urbano se ha dirigido principalmente hacia el análisis de flujos de materiales los
cuales no han demostrado proporcionar información suficiente para la... (More)
Para el año 2050, más de la mitad de la población mundial vivirá en ciudades. Esto aumentará el
consumo de recursos naturales para proporcionar productos y servicios a las ciudades. Además, las
políticas públicas actuales se realizan en un marco de silos institucionales en donde las
consecuencias no previstas pueden socavar la disponibilidad de los recursos naturales. Para superar
este problema, propongo utilizar el enfoque de nexo urbano como punto de análisis para aumentar
la eficiencia de los recursos urbanos y mejorar el desempeño institucional. Sin embargo, la
propuesta de nexo urbano se ha dirigido principalmente hacia el análisis de flujos de materiales los
cuales no han demostrado proporcionar información suficiente para la formulación de políticas
públicas y toma de decisiones. El estudio de los flujos sociales, como la gobernanza y relaciones
entre actores, agrega una perspectiva social esencial para complementar el análisis de los flujos de
materiales, ya que estas estructuras sociales establecen las condiciones para la extracción, el
consumo y la disposición de los recursos naturales. Por lo tanto, investigaré sobre el nexo urbano,
especialmente energía-agua, bajo el marco de gobernanza policéntrica que es útil para proporcionar
productos y servicios y mejorar la gestión de los recursos naturales en México. Además,
complemento los marcos de nexos urbanos y gobernanza policéntrica utilizando análisis de redes
sociales para comprender las relaciones entre los actores del sector energía (electricidad) y agua en
la Ciudad de México. De acuerdo con mis resultados, el sistema de gobierno de la energía
(electricidad) en México no es policéntrico, sin embargo, el sector del agua comparte algunos rasgos
de gobernanza policéntrica. Debido a estas reglas de control central de los recursos, surgen algunas
barreras como: la disminución de la capacidad de las autoridades locales para implementar un
proyecto de nexo energía y agua, lo cual influye a que autoridades nacionales sean los actores clave
para gestionar este tipo de proyectos. Sin embargo, la gobernanza policéntrica ha demostrado ser
útil para proponer recomendaciones para superar este tipo de barreras mediante el fortalecimiento
de las capacidades de autoridades locales. En conclusión, este estudio contribuye a llenar el vacío
entre nexos urbanos y la gobernanza policéntrica y resalta actores clave, de acuerdo con el contexto
social actual en México, que pueden impulsar las iniciativas de nexos urbanos y sentar las bases
hacia una gobernanza policéntrica de los recursos naturales. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Gómez Zamudio, Ricardo LU
supervisor
organization
course
MESM02 20191
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Energy-water nexus, polycentric governance, social network analyis, sustainability science, Mexico
publication/series
Master Thesis Series in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science
report number
2019:007
language
English
id
8978358
date added to LUP
2019-06-03 15:04:11
date last changed
2019-06-03 15:04:11
@misc{8978358,
  abstract     = {By 2050, sixty percent of human population worldwide is going to live in cities. This will increase
natural resource consumption to provide products and services in cities. Additionally, current policy
making is done through a silo thinking mindset where unintended consequences can undermine
natural resources availability. To overcome this problem, I propose to use the urban nexus approach
as a starting point of analysis to increase urban resource efficiency. However, the urban nexus
proposal has been directed toward measuring material flows which have not proven to provide
enough information for policy and decision-making. Studying social flows, such as governance
systems adds an essential social perspective to supplement material flows analysis, as governance
sets up the conditions for extraction, consumption and disposal of natural resources. Therefore, I
look at urban nexus, especially energy-water nexus, under a polycentric governance lens for
providing products and services and enhancing natural resource management in Mexico.
Additionally, I supplement urban nexus and polycentric governance frameworks by using the social
network analysis to understand stakeholders’ relationships between the energy and water sectors
in Mexico City. According to my results, Mexico’s energy (electricity) governance system is not
polycentric, however, the water sector shares some polycentricity governance traits. Due to these
central control rules of resources, some barriers appear, such as diminishing local authorities’
abilities to implement an energy-water nexus project that drives national authorities to be key
stakeholders to manage this kind of project. However, polycentric governance has proven useful to
propose recommendations to overcome these barriers through strengthening local authority’s
capacities. This study contributes by filling the gap between the urban nexus approach and
polycentric governance and provides key stakeholders according to current socio-economic settings
in Mexico, which can push forward urban nexus initiatives and pave the way to polycentric
governance of natural resources.},
  author       = {Gómez Zamudio, Ricardo},
  keyword      = {Energy-water nexus,polycentric governance,social network analyis,sustainability science,Mexico},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {Master Thesis Series in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science},
  title        = {Energy-water nexus in Mexico: A network-based approach of polycentric governance.},
  year         = {2019},
}