Advanced

Empowering the powerless: Investigating the sustainability of climate change adaptation through the lens of empowerment in Char Shakhahati, Bangladesh

Farbin, Tahura LU (2019) In Master Thesis Series in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science MESM02 20191
LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies)
Abstract
Climate Change Impacts are a major concern for Bangladesh. The country is expected to face an increase of 11% in precipitation, drier winter periods causing droughts, extremely high temperatures, sea level rise changing the dynamics of discharge of water from rivers, etc. intensifying poverty. At the forefront of these impacts are char islands highly exposed to the socio-ecological impacts from CC and river erosion. As such the country has employed various forms of planned and spontaneous forms of adaptation with the help of national government and civil society organizations.

This thesis investigates collective agency and empowerment of local communities in Char Shakhahati in adapting to extreme events in relation to the impacts of... (More)
Climate Change Impacts are a major concern for Bangladesh. The country is expected to face an increase of 11% in precipitation, drier winter periods causing droughts, extremely high temperatures, sea level rise changing the dynamics of discharge of water from rivers, etc. intensifying poverty. At the forefront of these impacts are char islands highly exposed to the socio-ecological impacts from CC and river erosion. As such the country has employed various forms of planned and spontaneous forms of adaptation with the help of national government and civil society organizations.

This thesis investigates collective agency and empowerment of local communities in Char Shakhahati in adapting to extreme events in relation to the impacts of Climate Change. It explores the empowerment of locals in Char Shakhahati using a causal framework in a state society context which subsequently is utilized to investigate agency and opportunity structure at the local level to understand whether a true collaborative engagement is in place.

The findings show that adaptation in Char Shakhahati is an individual endeavour; communities are fragmented and socially lack the self-organization necessary to initiate collective action. Char inhabitants are constrained due to lack of opportunities and the local government lacks the autonomy and has budgetary restraints. Communities do not have the agency nor the opportunity
structure to exercise self-empowerment. Second, the policy documents do not address the specific vulnerabilities of char communities marginalizing them even further. Marginal participation in decision-making processes in NGO led projects leads communities to be beneficiaries of knowledge production rather than producers maintaining their marginalization. Finally, only by creating the space for communities to initiate adaptation planning, implementing them by collaborating with civil society can char communities attain a sustainable solution and be able to empower themselves to address them in the future. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Farbin, Tahura LU
supervisor
organization
course
MESM02 20191
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Empowerment, collective agency, Climate Change Adaptation, mainstreaming adaptation, Chars, Bangladesh
publication/series
Master Thesis Series in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science
report number
No 2019:030
language
English
id
8982512
date added to LUP
2019-06-13 11:55:08
date last changed
2019-06-13 11:55:08
@misc{8982512,
  abstract     = {Climate Change Impacts are a major concern for Bangladesh. The country is expected to face an increase of 11% in precipitation, drier winter periods causing droughts, extremely high temperatures, sea level rise changing the dynamics of discharge of water from rivers, etc. intensifying poverty. At the forefront of these impacts are char islands highly exposed to the socio-ecological impacts from CC and river erosion. As such the country has employed various forms of planned and spontaneous forms of adaptation with the help of national government and civil society organizations.

This thesis investigates collective agency and empowerment of local communities in Char Shakhahati in adapting to extreme events in relation to the impacts of Climate Change. It explores the empowerment of locals in Char Shakhahati using a causal framework in a state society context which subsequently is utilized to investigate agency and opportunity structure at the local level to understand whether a true collaborative engagement is in place.

The findings show that adaptation in Char Shakhahati is an individual endeavour; communities are fragmented and socially lack the self-organization necessary to initiate collective action. Char inhabitants are constrained due to lack of opportunities and the local government lacks the autonomy and has budgetary restraints. Communities do not have the agency nor the opportunity
structure to exercise self-empowerment. Second, the policy documents do not address the specific vulnerabilities of char communities marginalizing them even further. Marginal participation in decision-making processes in NGO led projects leads communities to be beneficiaries of knowledge production rather than producers maintaining their marginalization. Finally, only by creating the space for communities to initiate adaptation planning, implementing them by collaborating with civil society can char communities attain a sustainable solution and be able to empower themselves to address them in the future.},
  author       = {Farbin, Tahura},
  keyword      = {Empowerment,collective agency,Climate Change Adaptation,mainstreaming adaptation,Chars,Bangladesh},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {Master Thesis Series in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science},
  title        = {Empowering the powerless: Investigating the sustainability of climate change adaptation through the lens of empowerment in Char Shakhahati, Bangladesh},
  year         = {2019},
}