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Dynamic Technology-Adjusted Consumption-Based Accounting: National emission responsibilities based on current consumption patterns and production technologies

Kjellberg, Linnéa LU (2019) EKHS34 20191
Department of Economic History
Abstract
Effective global emission mitigation policies require accurate guidance in terms of a fair and comparable emission accounting framework. This thesis presents an indicator that acknowledges countries’ technological differences as well as intertemporal capital dynamics. Accordingly, emissions associated with current consumption patterns are distinguished and less (more) polluting production compared to world averages are credited (punished). The novel contribution lies within the combination of two existing modifications to CBA for 40 countries using the World Input-Output Tables. The measure is created by deducting emissions embodied in exports based on world average sectoral emission intensities, and endogenizing capital dynamics as an... (More)
Effective global emission mitigation policies require accurate guidance in terms of a fair and comparable emission accounting framework. This thesis presents an indicator that acknowledges countries’ technological differences as well as intertemporal capital dynamics. Accordingly, emissions associated with current consumption patterns are distinguished and less (more) polluting production compared to world averages are credited (punished). The novel contribution lies within the combination of two existing modifications to CBA for 40 countries using the World Input-Output Tables. The measure is created by deducting emissions embodied in exports based on world average sectoral emission intensities, and endogenizing capital dynamics as an approximation of inventory use following the augmentation method. Results impose considerable changes on emission responsibilities for a broad range of countries compared to conventional footprints, although not systematically in favor or disfavor of countries within similar development stages. Even if a measure capturing both of these features is interesting on its own, it should be further methodologically developed to differentiate between aims of capital investments. (Less)
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author
Kjellberg, Linnéa LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHS34 20191
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
Emission Responsibilities, Consumption-Based Accounting, Technology-Adjusted Emissions, Intertemporal Capital Dynamics, Input-Output Analysis
language
English
id
8987223
date added to LUP
2019-10-22 14:44:24
date last changed
2019-10-22 14:44:24
@misc{8987223,
  abstract     = {Effective global emission mitigation policies require accurate guidance in terms of a fair and comparable emission accounting framework. This thesis presents an indicator that acknowledges countries’ technological differences as well as intertemporal capital dynamics. Accordingly, emissions associated with current consumption patterns are distinguished and less (more) polluting production compared to world averages are credited (punished). The novel contribution lies within the combination of two existing modifications to CBA for 40 countries using the World Input-Output Tables. The measure is created by deducting emissions embodied in exports based on world average sectoral emission intensities, and endogenizing capital dynamics as an approximation of inventory use following the augmentation method. Results impose considerable changes on emission responsibilities for a broad range of countries compared to conventional footprints, although not systematically in favor or disfavor of countries within similar development stages. Even if a measure capturing both of these features is interesting on its own, it should be further methodologically developed to differentiate between aims of capital investments.},
  author       = {Kjellberg, Linnéa},
  keyword      = {Emission Responsibilities,Consumption-Based Accounting,Technology-Adjusted Emissions,Intertemporal Capital Dynamics,Input-Output Analysis},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Dynamic Technology-Adjusted Consumption-Based Accounting: National emission responsibilities based on current consumption patterns and production technologies},
  year         = {2019},
}