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Thermal Comfort and Energy-Use in Urban Transitional Spaces- Bus stop in Slovenia

Iqbal, Saima LU (2019) In Master Thesis AEBM01 20191
Department of Architecture and the Built Environment
Energy and Building Design
Abstract
Transportation plays an essential role in the European economy. The European Transport Policy aims to establish a sustainable means of transportation system to provide the social, economic and environmental needs of society contributing to an integrated society. Major reasons for people to choose private cars over public transport are infrequent connections, inadequate infrastructure and low thermal comfort while waiting for their transport. This thesis is a research on the adaptive approach to thermal comfort in bus stops in Slovenia. It provides an innovative opportunity to assess thermal comfort by using the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) method. The UTCI was compared with the operating/room temperature inside the bus stop to... (More)
Transportation plays an essential role in the European economy. The European Transport Policy aims to establish a sustainable means of transportation system to provide the social, economic and environmental needs of society contributing to an integrated society. Major reasons for people to choose private cars over public transport are infrequent connections, inadequate infrastructure and low thermal comfort while waiting for their transport. This thesis is a research on the adaptive approach to thermal comfort in bus stops in Slovenia. It provides an innovative opportunity to assess thermal comfort by using the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) method. The UTCI was compared with the operating/room temperature inside the bus stop to assess the total number of comfortable hours during an entire year. The role of climate on the architectural design was investigated. Subsequently, passive design measures such as triple glazing, insulated walls and green roof were included in the bus stop design to achieve maximum thermal comfort. A conventional and a climate-based bus stop design were tested and the thermal comfort and energy-use in both these bus stops were analysed. An iterative parametric study analysis resulted in the climate-based bus stop performing better than the conventional bus stop. Addition of an active measure comprising of an electrical floor heating powered by solar photovoltaic cells was also investigated. It was found that active floor heating could increase thermal comfort substantially, but it was necessary to investigate the feasibility and costs to determine if an active measure would be profitable in reality. In the end, it was deduced that whether or not, an active measure was included in the design, it was nevertheless, important to incorporate passive design measures to be able to achieve a holistic, sustainable design. (Less)
Popular Abstract
The biggest challenge that the world is currently facing today is climate change. The transportation sector is the second biggest contributor to climate change after the building sector. To combat climate change and reduce the emission of green-house gases, it is essential to encourage the use of public transport over private cars. One of the reasons for people to choose private cars over public transport is uncomfortable conditions experienced at bus stops while waiting for buses. The main objective of the thesis is to develop an energy-efficient bus stop design which is self-sufficient on renewable sources of energy, while keeping the comfort of the users in mind. Moreover, the thesis also aims to study the impact of climate on... (More)
The biggest challenge that the world is currently facing today is climate change. The transportation sector is the second biggest contributor to climate change after the building sector. To combat climate change and reduce the emission of green-house gases, it is essential to encourage the use of public transport over private cars. One of the reasons for people to choose private cars over public transport is uncomfortable conditions experienced at bus stops while waiting for buses. The main objective of the thesis is to develop an energy-efficient bus stop design which is self-sufficient on renewable sources of energy, while keeping the comfort of the users in mind. Moreover, the thesis also aims to study the impact of climate on architectural design in order to provide comfort to the users. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Iqbal, Saima LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
Keeping Warm in the Snow: Creating a comfortable bus stop in the Slovenian Alps
course
AEBM01 20191
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Thermal comfort, energy-use, UTCI, bus stop design, passive design strategies, climate-based design, energy-efficient, self-sufficient, solar integration.
publication/series
Master Thesis
language
English
id
8988185
date added to LUP
2019-06-26 08:58:30
date last changed
2020-01-06 03:38:59
@misc{8988185,
  abstract     = {Transportation plays an essential role in the European economy. The European Transport Policy aims to establish a sustainable means of transportation system to provide the social, economic and environmental needs of society contributing to an integrated society. Major reasons for people to choose private cars over public transport are infrequent connections, inadequate infrastructure and low thermal comfort while waiting for their transport. This thesis is a research on the adaptive approach to thermal comfort in bus stops in Slovenia. It provides an innovative opportunity to assess thermal comfort by using the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) method. The UTCI was compared with the operating/room temperature inside the bus stop to assess the total number of comfortable hours during an entire year. The role of climate on the architectural design was investigated. Subsequently, passive design measures such as triple glazing, insulated walls and green roof were included in the bus stop design to achieve maximum thermal comfort. A conventional and a climate-based bus stop design were tested and the thermal comfort and energy-use in both these bus stops were analysed. An iterative parametric study analysis resulted in the climate-based bus stop performing better than the conventional bus stop. Addition of an active measure comprising of an electrical floor heating powered by solar photovoltaic cells was also investigated. It was found that active floor heating could increase thermal comfort substantially, but it was necessary to investigate the feasibility and costs to determine if an active measure would be profitable in reality. In the end, it was deduced that whether or not, an active measure was included in the design, it was nevertheless, important to incorporate passive design measures to be able to achieve a holistic, sustainable design.},
  author       = {Iqbal, Saima},
  keyword      = {Thermal comfort,energy-use,UTCI,bus stop design,passive design strategies,climate-based design,energy-efficient,self-sufficient,solar integration.},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {Master Thesis},
  title        = {Thermal Comfort and Energy-Use in Urban Transitional Spaces- Bus stop in Slovenia},
  year         = {2019},
}