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Anonyma vittnen: strider anonyma vittnen mot artikel 6 i EKMR?

Akbari, Ayub LU (2019) LAGF03 20192
Department of Law
Faculty of Law
Abstract
In recent years, the debate of introducing anonymous witnesses to appear in court has escalated and numerous European countries has already implemented the possibility. Today anonymous witnesses are not allowed in Sweden law, but as more people are afraid of testifying the debate of implementing anonymous witnesses has now been more current and there are separate arguments by politicians that it could be of real use against organized crime.

The purpose of the thesis is to investigate whether anonymous witnesses violate Article 6 of the ECHR. There is no absolute prohibition on anonymous witnesses in the ECHR, but the European Court of Justice has established in its practice what requirements must be met and how the system may be used... (More)
In recent years, the debate of introducing anonymous witnesses to appear in court has escalated and numerous European countries has already implemented the possibility. Today anonymous witnesses are not allowed in Sweden law, but as more people are afraid of testifying the debate of implementing anonymous witnesses has now been more current and there are separate arguments by politicians that it could be of real use against organized crime.

The purpose of the thesis is to investigate whether anonymous witnesses violate Article 6 of the ECHR. There is no absolute prohibition on anonymous witnesses in the ECHR, but the European Court of Justice has established in its practice what requirements must be met and how the system may be used to ensure that the defendant's legal security is not violated. The thesis will be based on the rule of law and the defendant's right to a fair trial. The presentation provides a brief background of both European and Swedish law. Ongoing analysis is provided and various arguments are highlighted to illustrate the problem.

Finally, the essay will highlight important arguments and conclusions with anonymous witnesses. A concluding analysis will address the risks that anonymous witnesses would pose. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Under de senaste åren har debatten om att införa anonyma vittnen eskalerat och många europeiska länder har redan infört möjligheten. Idag tillåts inte anonyma vittnen i svensk rätt, men eftersom fler människor är rädda för att vittna har debatten om att införa anonyma vittnen nu blivit mer aktuell och det finns skilda argument från politiker att det kan vara till verklig nytta mot organiserad brottslighet. I Sverige har möjligheten utretts under flera utredningar och den 21 november 2019 påbörjade regeringen en ny utredning om möjligheten att införa anonyma vittnen.

Syftet med uppsatsen är att utreda om anonyma vittnen strider mot artikel 6 i EKMR. Det finns i EKMR inget absolut förbud mot anonyma vittnen, men Europadomstolen har i sin... (More)
Under de senaste åren har debatten om att införa anonyma vittnen eskalerat och många europeiska länder har redan infört möjligheten. Idag tillåts inte anonyma vittnen i svensk rätt, men eftersom fler människor är rädda för att vittna har debatten om att införa anonyma vittnen nu blivit mer aktuell och det finns skilda argument från politiker att det kan vara till verklig nytta mot organiserad brottslighet. I Sverige har möjligheten utretts under flera utredningar och den 21 november 2019 påbörjade regeringen en ny utredning om möjligheten att införa anonyma vittnen.

Syftet med uppsatsen är att utreda om anonyma vittnen strider mot artikel 6 i EKMR. Det finns i EKMR inget absolut förbud mot anonyma vittnen, men Europadomstolen har i sin praxis konstaterat vilka krav som måste uppfyllas och hur systemet får användas för att den tilltalades rättssäkerhet inte kränks. Uppsatsen kommer att ha utgångspunkt i rättssäkerheten och den tilltalades rätt till rättvis rättegång. Framställningen ger en kort bakgrund av både europeisk och svensk rätt. Löpande ges en analys och olika argument lyftes fram för att belysa problemet.

Avslutningsvis kommer uppsatsen att lyfta fram viktiga argument och slutsatser med anonyma vittnen. En avslutande analys kommer att behandla vilka risker som anonyma vittnen skulle innebära. (Less)
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author
Akbari, Ayub LU
supervisor
organization
course
LAGF03 20192
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
processrätt, straffrätt
language
Swedish
id
8999976
date added to LUP
2020-04-09 13:57:50
date last changed
2020-04-09 13:57:50
@misc{8999976,
  abstract     = {In recent years, the debate of introducing anonymous witnesses to appear in court has escalated and numerous European countries has already implemented the possibility. Today anonymous witnesses are not allowed in Sweden law, but as more people are afraid of testifying the debate of implementing anonymous witnesses has now been more current and there are separate arguments by politicians that it could be of real use against organized crime. 

The purpose of the thesis is to investigate whether anonymous witnesses violate Article 6 of the ECHR. There is no absolute prohibition on anonymous witnesses in the ECHR, but the European Court of Justice has established in its practice what requirements must be met and how the system may be used to ensure that the defendant's legal security is not violated. The thesis will be based on the rule of law and the defendant's right to a fair trial. The presentation provides a brief background of both European and Swedish law. Ongoing analysis is provided and various arguments are highlighted to illustrate the problem.

Finally, the essay will highlight important arguments and conclusions with anonymous witnesses. A concluding analysis will address the risks that anonymous witnesses would pose.},
  author       = {Akbari, Ayub},
  keyword      = {processrätt,straffrätt},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Anonyma vittnen: strider anonyma vittnen mot artikel 6 i EKMR?},
  year         = {2019},
}