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Do Martial Artists Make Decisions Faster? A Study Comparing Martial Arts Practitioners to Non-Practitioners on a CRT Task.

Jerklöv, Jonathan LU and Norman, Arvid LU (2020) PSPR14 20192
Department of Psychology
Abstract
Split-second decision-making is of vital importance to many aspects of human existence, from life-and-death scenarios to sports. Studies have shown expert advantage in a given field on choice reaction time tasks within the area of expertise. Still, no conclusive studies on differences in this skill between athletes and non- athletes have been made on CRT tasks for general stimuli. The aim of this study was to establish if there are differences between martial arts practitioners and non- practitioners on a choice reaction time task to generic stimuli not related to expert knowledge. The results showed no significant advantage to martial artists regarding speed and an advantage to non-practitioners on accuracy. However, it was argued that... (More)
Split-second decision-making is of vital importance to many aspects of human existence, from life-and-death scenarios to sports. Studies have shown expert advantage in a given field on choice reaction time tasks within the area of expertise. Still, no conclusive studies on differences in this skill between athletes and non- athletes have been made on CRT tasks for general stimuli. The aim of this study was to establish if there are differences between martial arts practitioners and non- practitioners on a choice reaction time task to generic stimuli not related to expert knowledge. The results showed no significant advantage to martial artists regarding speed and an advantage to non-practitioners on accuracy. However, it was argued that the differences could either be a result of speed-accuracy trade-off or because of methodological fallacies in the study. Therefore, the study suggests that future research could achieve significantly different results by improving upon the methodology of this study. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Snabba beslut är centralt för många aspekter av människans existens, från sport till frågor om liv och död. Forskning har visat att experter har ett övertag gällande choice reaction time-uppgifter som är relaterade till deras expertområde. Trots detta har inga studier slutgiltigt kunnat konkludera huruvida en skillnad finns mellan atleter och icke-atleter på en CRT-uppgift för generella stimuli. Syftet med denna studie var att etablera om det finns skillnader mellan kampsportsutövare och icke-utövare på en choice reaction time-uppgift för generella stimuli, oberoende av deras expertkunskaper. Resultaten visade inga signifikanta fördelar gällande hastighet för kampsportsgruppen, men däremot ett signifikant resultat till fördel för icke-... (More)
Snabba beslut är centralt för många aspekter av människans existens, från sport till frågor om liv och död. Forskning har visat att experter har ett övertag gällande choice reaction time-uppgifter som är relaterade till deras expertområde. Trots detta har inga studier slutgiltigt kunnat konkludera huruvida en skillnad finns mellan atleter och icke-atleter på en CRT-uppgift för generella stimuli. Syftet med denna studie var att etablera om det finns skillnader mellan kampsportsutövare och icke-utövare på en choice reaction time-uppgift för generella stimuli, oberoende av deras expertkunskaper. Resultaten visade inga signifikanta fördelar gällande hastighet för kampsportsgruppen, men däremot ett signifikant resultat till fördel för icke- utövargruppen på träffsäkerhet. Detta kan antingen vara en fråga om ”speed-accuracy trade-off” eller till följd av metodologiska brister i studien. Således föreslår studien att framtida forskning kan få tydligare resultat genom att förbättra metodologin som använts i studien, snarare än att avfärda hypoteserna. (Less)
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author
Jerklöv, Jonathan LU and Norman, Arvid LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSPR14 20192
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
martial arts, decision-making, stroop, choice reaction time, reaction time, exercise
language
English
id
9001302
date added to LUP
2020-01-16 09:52:48
date last changed
2020-01-16 09:52:48
@misc{9001302,
  abstract     = {Split-second decision-making is of vital importance to many aspects of human existence, from life-and-death scenarios to sports. Studies have shown expert advantage in a given field on choice reaction time tasks within the area of expertise. Still, no conclusive studies on differences in this skill between athletes and non- athletes have been made on CRT tasks for general stimuli. The aim of this study was to establish if there are differences between martial arts practitioners and non- practitioners on a choice reaction time task to generic stimuli not related to expert knowledge. The results showed no significant advantage to martial artists regarding speed and an advantage to non-practitioners on accuracy. However, it was argued that the differences could either be a result of speed-accuracy trade-off or because of methodological fallacies in the study. Therefore, the study suggests that future research could achieve significantly different results by improving upon the methodology of this study.},
  author       = {Jerklöv, Jonathan and Norman, Arvid},
  keyword      = {martial arts,decision-making,stroop,choice reaction time,reaction time,exercise},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Do Martial Artists Make Decisions Faster? A Study Comparing Martial Arts Practitioners to Non-Practitioners on a CRT Task.},
  year         = {2020},
}