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Assessment of Urban Sprawl in Mowe/Ibafo Axis of Ogun State using GIS Capabilities

Jimoh, Haruna LU (2020) In Master Thesis in Geographical Information Science GISM01 20192
Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
Abstract
Urban Sprawl is one of the challenges to urban development in many nations.
Different aspects of the phenomenon have been researched with a view to providing solutions to myriad of ills attributed to it. For any meaningful intervention, however, assessment of development to ascertain sprawl is essential. Despite this, its quantification and monitoring in environment with paucity of data remains a daunting task. Therefore, this thesis was designed to utilise GIS to assess urban sprawl in Mowe/Ibafo area of Ogun State.
The study classified Landsat data of 1987, 2000 and 2016 covering Mowe/Ibafo
into water, vegetation and built-up areas and subjected them to post classification analysis. Digital Elevation Model and population data were... (More)
Urban Sprawl is one of the challenges to urban development in many nations.
Different aspects of the phenomenon have been researched with a view to providing solutions to myriad of ills attributed to it. For any meaningful intervention, however, assessment of development to ascertain sprawl is essential. Despite this, its quantification and monitoring in environment with paucity of data remains a daunting task. Therefore, this thesis was designed to utilise GIS to assess urban sprawl in Mowe/Ibafo area of Ogun State.
The study classified Landsat data of 1987, 2000 and 2016 covering Mowe/Ibafo
into water, vegetation and built-up areas and subjected them to post classification analysis. Digital Elevation Model and population data were used to examine factors of urban expansion and staff of Planning Offices interviewed to obtain data on development monitoring. The classified land cover map was divided into zones using centre of the towns and expressway. Shannon’s Entropy and Relative Entropy were computed from the zones. Elevation layer was also overlaid on the classified land cover map to examine
factors of expansion.
Overall Accuracy assessment for 1987, 2000 and 2016 classification were 88%,
90% and 86%. The classification showed that 1.69% (5.52 sq.km) of Mowe/Ibafo was built in 1987. This increased to 8.33% and 66.26% in 2000 and 2016 respectively. The results of a paired-samples t-test conducted revealed a significant difference between 1987 and 2016 land cover scores with an increase from 1987 (M = 2.0115, SD =0.14899) to 2016 (M = 2.3116, SD = 0.49023), t(362079) = -36.801, p <.0005). The results of Relative Entropy were very high and close to 1 confirming urban sprawl in Mowe/Ibafo. A comparison with Entropy values for the area within Obafemi-Owode (subset of the study area) produced a lower value, though close to 1, suggesting that the wider the coverage, the more the magnitude of sprawl. Pattern of development in the area was influenced by expressway and elevation as flat and stable (15 – 30 m) areas were most developed. The study revealed that there was inadequate local manpower,resources and government synergy to adequately monitor development in the area.
The government of Ogun and Lagos states should work together for orderly
development of Mowe/Ibafo axis. (Less)
Popular Abstract
Urban Sprawl is one of the challenges to urban development in many nations. Different aspects of the phenomenon have been researched with a view to providing solutions to myriad of ills attributed to it. For any meaningful intervention, however, assessment of development to ascertain sprawl is essential. Despite this, its quantification and monitoring in environment with paucity of data remains a daunting task. Therefore, this thesis was designed to utilise GIS with Shannon Entropy to assess urban sprawl in Mowe/Ibafo area of Ogun State.
The study classified Landsat data of 1987, 2000 and 2016 covering Mowe/Ibafo into water, vegetation and built-up areas and subjected them to post classification analysis. Digital Elevation Model and... (More)
Urban Sprawl is one of the challenges to urban development in many nations. Different aspects of the phenomenon have been researched with a view to providing solutions to myriad of ills attributed to it. For any meaningful intervention, however, assessment of development to ascertain sprawl is essential. Despite this, its quantification and monitoring in environment with paucity of data remains a daunting task. Therefore, this thesis was designed to utilise GIS with Shannon Entropy to assess urban sprawl in Mowe/Ibafo area of Ogun State.
The study classified Landsat data of 1987, 2000 and 2016 covering Mowe/Ibafo into water, vegetation and built-up areas and subjected them to post classification analysis. Digital Elevation Model and population data were used to examine factors of urban expansion while staff of Planning Offices were interviewed to obtain data on development monitoring. The classified land cover maps were divided into zones using centre of the towns and major roads. Shannon Entropy and Relative Entropy were computed from the zones.
Overall Accuracy assessment for 1987, 2000 and 2016 classification were 88%, 90% and 86%. The classification showed that 1.69% (5.52 sq.km) of Mowe/Ibafo was built in 1987. This increased to 8.33% and 66.26% in 2000 and 2016 respectively. The results of a paired-samples t-test conducted revealed a significant difference between 1987 and 2016 land cover scores with an increase from 1987 (M = 2.0115, SD = 0.14899) to 2016 (M = 2.3116, SD = 0.49023), t(362079) = -36.801, p <.0005 ). The results of Relative Entropy were very high and close to 1 confirming urban sprawl in Mowe/Ibafo. A comparison with Entropy values for the area within Obafemi-Owode (subset of the study area) produced a lower value, though close to 1, suggesting that the wider the coverage, the more the magnitude of sprawl. Pattern of development in the area was influenced by major roads and elevation as flat and stable (15 – 30m) areas were most developed. The study revealed that there was inadequate local manpower, resources and government synergy to adequately monitor development in the area.
GIS is a valuable tool for assessment of urban sprawl with minimal availability of data. Concerned governments should work together for orderly development of Mowe/Ibafo axis. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Jimoh, Haruna LU
supervisor
organization
course
GISM01 20192
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
GIS, Urban sprawl, expansion, assessment, Shannon’s entropy, Mowe/Ibafo
publication/series
Master Thesis in Geographical Information Science
report number
114
funder
VR
language
English
id
9006032
date added to LUP
2020-03-06 17:48:19
date last changed
2020-03-06 17:48:19
@misc{9006032,
  abstract     = {Urban Sprawl is one of the challenges to urban development in many nations.
Different aspects of the phenomenon have been researched with a view to providing solutions to myriad of ills attributed to it. For any meaningful intervention, however, assessment of development to ascertain sprawl is essential. Despite this, its quantification and monitoring in environment with paucity of data remains a daunting task. Therefore, this thesis was designed to utilise GIS to assess urban sprawl in Mowe/Ibafo area of Ogun State.
The study classified Landsat data of 1987, 2000 and 2016 covering Mowe/Ibafo
into water, vegetation and built-up areas and subjected them to post classification analysis. Digital Elevation Model and population data were used to examine factors of urban expansion and staff of Planning Offices interviewed to obtain data on development monitoring. The classified land cover map was divided into zones using centre of the towns and expressway. Shannon’s Entropy and Relative Entropy were computed from the zones. Elevation layer was also overlaid on the classified land cover map to examine
factors of expansion.
Overall Accuracy assessment for 1987, 2000 and 2016 classification were 88%,
90% and 86%. The classification showed that 1.69% (5.52 sq.km) of Mowe/Ibafo was built in 1987. This increased to 8.33% and 66.26% in 2000 and 2016 respectively. The results of a paired-samples t-test conducted revealed a significant difference between 1987 and 2016 land cover scores with an increase from 1987 (M = 2.0115, SD =0.14899) to 2016 (M = 2.3116, SD = 0.49023), t(362079) = -36.801, p <.0005). The results of Relative Entropy were very high and close to 1 confirming urban sprawl in Mowe/Ibafo. A comparison with Entropy values for the area within Obafemi-Owode (subset of the study area) produced a lower value, though close to 1, suggesting that the wider the coverage, the more the magnitude of sprawl. Pattern of development in the area was influenced by expressway and elevation as flat and stable (15 – 30 m) areas were most developed. The study revealed that there was inadequate local manpower,resources and government synergy to adequately monitor development in the area.
The government of Ogun and Lagos states should work together for orderly
development of Mowe/Ibafo axis.},
  author       = {Jimoh, Haruna},
  keyword      = {GIS,Urban sprawl,expansion,assessment,Shannon’s entropy,Mowe/Ibafo},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {Master Thesis in Geographical Information Science},
  title        = {Assessment of Urban Sprawl in Mowe/Ibafo Axis of Ogun State using GIS Capabilities},
  year         = {2020},
}