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Narkotikasmuggling och narkotikabrott - när bör konsumtion ske?

Lishajko, Hanna LU (2020) LAGF03 20201
Department of Law
Faculty of Law
Abstract (Swedish)
För att brottet narkotikasmuggling ska anses fullbordat måste en gärningsperson passera någon av landets tullkontroller utan att anmäla sin medhavda narkotika. Vid en fullbordad narkotikasmuggling kan sägas att gäringspersonen även per automatik begår narkotikabrott, åtminstone i form av innehav, då denne har narkotikan i sin besittning på svenskt territorium.

Syftet med denna framställning har varit att klargöra vad som gäller då en gärningsperson begår båda dessa brott och sedermera om och när konsumtion av narkotikabrottet bör ske. För att uppnå syftet med framställningen har en genomgång av gällande rätt och relevant praxis varit nödvändig. Rättsfall från både hovrätt och tingsrätt har analyserats för att peka på den oenighet som... (More)
För att brottet narkotikasmuggling ska anses fullbordat måste en gärningsperson passera någon av landets tullkontroller utan att anmäla sin medhavda narkotika. Vid en fullbordad narkotikasmuggling kan sägas att gäringspersonen även per automatik begår narkotikabrott, åtminstone i form av innehav, då denne har narkotikan i sin besittning på svenskt territorium.

Syftet med denna framställning har varit att klargöra vad som gäller då en gärningsperson begår båda dessa brott och sedermera om och när konsumtion av narkotikabrottet bör ske. För att uppnå syftet med framställningen har en genomgång av gällande rätt och relevant praxis varit nödvändig. Rättsfall från både hovrätt och tingsrätt har analyserats för att peka på den oenighet som råder domstolarna emellan och för att på ett relevant sätt kunna komma fram till hur domstolarna bör döma i dessa fall.

Resultatet av undersökningen visar att tydlig ställning bör tas till om narkotikasmugglingen och det efterföljande narkotikabrottet är att betrakta som en gärningsenhet eller flera. Beroende på vad domstolen då kommer fram till aktualiseras olika former av brottslighetskonkurrens. I det fall det bedöms vara en gärningsenhet är det fråga om olikartad konkurrens, varpå konkurrensproblematiken kan lösas genom kumulation eller konsumtion. Men om domstolen anser att det föreligger fler än en gärningsenhet kan konsumtion ändå bli aktuell om narkotikabrottet är att betrakta som medbestraffat med smugglingsbrottet.

Beroende på om händelseförloppet är att betrakta som en eller flera gärningsenheter kommer utfallen bli olika. Enligt min mening borde huvudregeln vid en gärningsenhet vara att konsumtion ska ske, medan det efterföljande narkotikabrottet endast undantagsvis bör betraktas som medbestraffat. (Less)
Abstract
In order to complete the drug smuggling crime, the perpetrator must pass one of the country’s custom checks without reporting the unauthorized drug.
When committing the drug smuggling crime, the perpetrator automatically commits drug offence, at least in the form of possession, since the perpetrator has the drug in its possession in Swedish territory.

The purpose of this thesis has thus been to clarify what applies when a perpetrator commits both of these crimes and subsequently if and when consumption of the drug crime should occur. In order to fulfil the purpose of the thesis, an examination of applicable law and relevant case law has been necessary. Judgments from both courts of appeal and district courts have been analyzed to... (More)
In order to complete the drug smuggling crime, the perpetrator must pass one of the country’s custom checks without reporting the unauthorized drug.
When committing the drug smuggling crime, the perpetrator automatically commits drug offence, at least in the form of possession, since the perpetrator has the drug in its possession in Swedish territory.

The purpose of this thesis has thus been to clarify what applies when a perpetrator commits both of these crimes and subsequently if and when consumption of the drug crime should occur. In order to fulfil the purpose of the thesis, an examination of applicable law and relevant case law has been necessary. Judgments from both courts of appeal and district courts have been analyzed to point out the disagreement between the courts and to determine how the courts should adjudicate in these cases.

The result of this thesis shows that a clear position should be taken if the crime of drug smuggling and the subsequent drug crime is to be regarded as one offence or more. Depending on what the court then concludes, different forms of criminal competition will be applied. If the court finds that there is only one offence, it is a matter of unequal competition. If that is the case the problem is solved by either cumulation or consumption. But if the court finds that there is more than one offence, consumption may still be applied if the drug offence is considered to be co-punished with the smuggling crime.

Depending on whether the course of events is to be regarded as one offence or more, the outcome will be different. In my opinion, the principle rule for unequal competition should be consumption. However, the offence should only exceptionally be considered as co-punished. (Less)
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author
Lishajko, Hanna LU
supervisor
organization
course
LAGF03 20201
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
straffrätt
language
Swedish
id
9010806
date added to LUP
2020-09-24 10:12:25
date last changed
2020-09-24 10:12:25
@misc{9010806,
  abstract     = {In order to complete the drug smuggling crime, the perpetrator must pass one of the country’s custom checks without reporting the unauthorized drug. 
When committing the drug smuggling crime, the perpetrator automatically commits drug offence, at least in the form of possession, since the perpetrator has the drug in its possession in Swedish territory. 

The purpose of this thesis has thus been to clarify what applies when a perpetrator commits both of these crimes and subsequently if and when consumption of the drug crime should occur. In order to fulfil the purpose of the thesis, an examination of applicable law and relevant case law has been necessary. Judgments from both courts of appeal and district courts have been analyzed to point out the disagreement between the courts and to determine how the courts should adjudicate in these cases. 

The result of this thesis shows that a clear position should be taken if the crime of drug smuggling and the subsequent drug crime is to be regarded as one offence or more. Depending on what the court then concludes, different forms of criminal competition will be applied. If the court finds that there is only one offence, it is a matter of unequal competition. If that is the case the problem is solved by either cumulation or consumption. But if the court finds that there is more than one offence, consumption may still be applied if the drug offence is considered to be co-punished with the smuggling crime. 

Depending on whether the course of events is to be regarded as one offence or more, the outcome will be different. In my opinion, the principle rule for unequal competition should be consumption. However, the offence should only exceptionally be considered as co-punished.},
  author       = {Lishajko, Hanna},
  keyword      = {straffrätt},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Narkotikasmuggling och narkotikabrott - när bör konsumtion ske?},
  year         = {2020},
}