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Access to Asylum in the EU - Externalizing Borders and Shifting Responsibility

Wilkman, Santiago LU (2020) JURM02 20202
Department of Law
Faculty of Law
Abstract
The purpose of this thesis is to research the access to asylum within the EU and how this is regulated in the EU legal system. At the center are the European Courts and their interpretation of the law concerning access to asylum. The thesis examines various stages in which refugees may access asylum and how this increasingly made more difficult by the EU and its Member States. For this reason, the research question is as follows: How is the access to asylum regulated by EU law and how is it ensured to be followed in practice by Member States and interpreted by the European Courts? In order to answer this question, the material researched has primarily been EU law such as directives and regulations, as well as case law from the CJEU and... (More)
The purpose of this thesis is to research the access to asylum within the EU and how this is regulated in the EU legal system. At the center are the European Courts and their interpretation of the law concerning access to asylum. The thesis examines various stages in which refugees may access asylum and how this increasingly made more difficult by the EU and its Member States. For this reason, the research question is as follows: How is the access to asylum regulated by EU law and how is it ensured to be followed in practice by Member States and interpreted by the European Courts? In order to answer this question, the material researched has primarily been EU law such as directives and regulations, as well as case law from the CJEU and ECtHR. There is also secondary sources such as literature from researchers and scholars. The conclusions reached are that the EU continuously externalizes its own borders and shifting responsibility to both its own Member States, where Mediterranean States are taking the heaviest burden, but also to third countries through special agreements and arrangements. This trend has become more significant in the years following the 2015 so-called refugee crisis, as now the judiciaries are ruling more restrictively in migration cases than before. This has resulted in systematically eliminating the few legal ways for people to access asylum, such as visas, and leaving them no choice but to attempt the dangerous crossings of deserts and seas to enter Europe irregularly. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Syftet med detta examensarbete är att forska kring tillgång till asyl inom EU och hur detta regleras inom EU-rätten. Vid kärnan återfinns de europeiska domstolarna och deras tolkningar av rätten gällande tillgång till asyl. Uppsatsen undersöker de olika stadierna där flyktingar kan
få tillgång till asyl och hur detta har alltmer försvårats av EU och dess medlemsstater. Av denna anledning är forskningsfrågan som följer: Hur är tillgången till asyl reglerad inom EU-rätten och hur säkerställs medlemsstaternas efterlevnad i praktiken samt tolkas av de europeiska domstolarna? För att besvara denna fråga är det undersökta materialet främst EU-rätt som direktiv och förordningar, och även praxis från EU-domstolen och Europadomstolen. Det finns... (More)
Syftet med detta examensarbete är att forska kring tillgång till asyl inom EU och hur detta regleras inom EU-rätten. Vid kärnan återfinns de europeiska domstolarna och deras tolkningar av rätten gällande tillgång till asyl. Uppsatsen undersöker de olika stadierna där flyktingar kan
få tillgång till asyl och hur detta har alltmer försvårats av EU och dess medlemsstater. Av denna anledning är forskningsfrågan som följer: Hur är tillgången till asyl reglerad inom EU-rätten och hur säkerställs medlemsstaternas efterlevnad i praktiken samt tolkas av de europeiska domstolarna? För att besvara denna fråga är det undersökta materialet främst EU-rätt som direktiv och förordningar, och även praxis från EU-domstolen och Europadomstolen. Det finns även sekundära källor som litteratur och doktrin. Slutsatserna som nåddes är att EU kontinuerligt externaliserar dess egna gränser och förflyttar ansvar till båda de egna
medlemsstaterna men även tredjeländer med särskilda avtal och arrangemang. Den här trenden har blivit mycket mer tydlig på senare år efter den så kallade flyktingkrisen 2015, när nu även domstolsväsendet dömer mycket mer restriktivt i migrationsmål än innan. Detta har resulterat i en systematisk eliminering de få lagliga sätten för folk att få tillgång till asyl, som t.ex. visum, vilket lämnar dem utan andra alternativ än att försöka sig på den farliga resan genom öknar och hav för att komma in i Europa olagligt. (Less)
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author
Wilkman, Santiago LU
supervisor
organization
course
JURM02 20202
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
EU law, Migration law, Asylum law
language
English
id
9034410
date added to LUP
2021-01-26 10:48:44
date last changed
2021-01-26 10:48:44
@misc{9034410,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this thesis is to research the access to asylum within the EU and how this is regulated in the EU legal system. At the center are the European Courts and their interpretation of the law concerning access to asylum. The thesis examines various stages in which refugees may access asylum and how this increasingly made more difficult by the EU and its Member States. For this reason, the research question is as follows: How is the access to asylum regulated by EU law and how is it ensured to be followed in practice by Member States and interpreted by the European Courts? In order to answer this question, the material researched has primarily been EU law such as directives and regulations, as well as case law from the CJEU and ECtHR. There is also secondary sources such as literature from researchers and scholars. The conclusions reached are that the EU continuously externalizes its own borders and shifting responsibility to both its own Member States, where Mediterranean States are taking the heaviest burden, but also to third countries through special agreements and arrangements. This trend has become more significant in the years following the 2015 so-called refugee crisis, as now the judiciaries are ruling more restrictively in migration cases than before. This has resulted in systematically eliminating the few legal ways for people to access asylum, such as visas, and leaving them no choice but to attempt the dangerous crossings of deserts and seas to enter Europe irregularly.},
  author       = {Wilkman, Santiago},
  keyword      = {EU law,Migration law,Asylum law},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Access to Asylum in the EU - Externalizing Borders and Shifting Responsibility},
  year         = {2020},
}