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Sociala medier: kvalitet framför kvantitet? - En RCT om psykisk ohälsa i cyberrymden

Palmqvist, Eric LU and Lundberg, Katja LU (2021) PSPR14 20202
Department of Psychology
Abstract (Swedish)
Forskningen har hittills visat på spridda resultat över hur Social Networking Sites (SNS) och psykisk ohälsa hänger samman. Det har inom fältet efterfrågats studier med experimentell design, således var syftet med aktuell studie att experimentellt undersöka kvalitet och kvantitet av SNS-användande och dess kausala samband med depression, ångest, stress, självkänsla, upplevd ensamhet, medveten närvaro, medvetet agerande, livstillfredsställelse, narcissism, emotionell investering i SNS samt Social Media Disorder (SMD). I studien randomiserades 173 svenskspråkiga studenter vid Lunds universitet, mellan 18-29 år, till tre grupper. Experimentgrupp 1 skulle reducera sin tid på SNS, experimentgrupp 2 skulle endast använda SNS passivt och... (More)
Forskningen har hittills visat på spridda resultat över hur Social Networking Sites (SNS) och psykisk ohälsa hänger samman. Det har inom fältet efterfrågats studier med experimentell design, således var syftet med aktuell studie att experimentellt undersöka kvalitet och kvantitet av SNS-användande och dess kausala samband med depression, ångest, stress, självkänsla, upplevd ensamhet, medveten närvaro, medvetet agerande, livstillfredsställelse, narcissism, emotionell investering i SNS samt Social Media Disorder (SMD). I studien randomiserades 173 svenskspråkiga studenter vid Lunds universitet, mellan 18-29 år, till tre grupper. Experimentgrupp 1 skulle reducera sin tid på SNS, experimentgrupp 2 skulle endast använda SNS passivt och kontrollgruppen skulle använda SNS oförändrat, över tre veckors tid. Datainsamling skedde genom för- och eftermätning via onlineenkäter. Resultaten visade att gruppen med reducerat SNS-användande förbättrades signifikant avseende depression, stress, självkänsla, emotionell investering i SNS, medvetet agerande samt SMD. Gruppen med passivt SNS-användande förbättrades signifikant avseende medvetet agerande och SMD. Dessutom utgjorde emotionell investering i SNS en mediator gällande sambandet mellan förändrat SNS användande och SMD i båda experimentgrupperna. Till vår kännedom var aktuell studie den första att experimentellt undersöka emotionell investering i SNS som mediator. Studien har visat att förändrat SNS-användande förbättrar psykisk hälsa. (Less)
Abstract
Research has shown ambiguous results regarding the associations between Social Networking Sites (SNS) and mental health. Experimental studies have been requested, hence the purpose of the current study was to investigate quality and quantity of SNS usage and its causal relationships with depression, anxiety, stress, self-esteem, perceived loneliness, mindfulness, acting with awareness, life satisfaction, narcissism, emotional investment in SNS and Social Media Disorder (SMD). In the study 173 Swedish-speaking students at Lund University between 18-29 years old, were randomized to three groups. Experimental group 1 was instructed to reduce their time at SNS, experimental group 2 was instructed to only use SNS passively and the control group... (More)
Research has shown ambiguous results regarding the associations between Social Networking Sites (SNS) and mental health. Experimental studies have been requested, hence the purpose of the current study was to investigate quality and quantity of SNS usage and its causal relationships with depression, anxiety, stress, self-esteem, perceived loneliness, mindfulness, acting with awareness, life satisfaction, narcissism, emotional investment in SNS and Social Media Disorder (SMD). In the study 173 Swedish-speaking students at Lund University between 18-29 years old, were randomized to three groups. Experimental group 1 was instructed to reduce their time at SNS, experimental group 2 was instructed to only use SNS passively and the control group was instructed to use SNS as usual, over a three-week period. Data was collected through a pre-post measure online survey. The results showed that the group with reduced SNS usage was significantly improved regarding depression, stress, self-esteem, emotional investment in SNS, acting with awareness and SMD. The group with passive SNS usage was significantly improved regarding acting with awareness and SMD. In addition to this, emotional investment in SNS was a mediator of the relationship between changed SNS usage and SMD in both experimental groups. To our knowledge, the current study was the first to experimentally investigate emotional investment in SNS as a mediator. The study has shown that changed SNS usage improves mental health. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Palmqvist, Eric LU and Lundberg, Katja LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSPR14 20202
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
SNS, social media, depression, stress, self-esteem, mindfulness, acting with awareness, SMD, SNS addiction, emotional investment in SNS, active SNS usage, passive SNS usage, reduced SNS usage.
language
Swedish
id
9037765
date added to LUP
2021-01-25 08:05:23
date last changed
2021-01-25 08:05:23
@misc{9037765,
  abstract     = {Research has shown ambiguous results regarding the associations between Social Networking Sites (SNS) and mental health. Experimental studies have been requested, hence the purpose of the current study was to investigate quality and quantity of SNS usage and its causal relationships with depression, anxiety, stress, self-esteem, perceived loneliness, mindfulness, acting with awareness, life satisfaction, narcissism, emotional investment in SNS and Social Media Disorder (SMD). In the study 173 Swedish-speaking students at Lund University between 18-29 years old, were randomized to three groups. Experimental group 1 was instructed to reduce their time at SNS, experimental group 2 was instructed to only use SNS passively and the control group was instructed to use SNS as usual, over a three-week period. Data was collected through a pre-post measure online survey. The results showed that the group with reduced SNS usage was significantly improved regarding depression, stress, self-esteem, emotional investment in SNS, acting with awareness and SMD. The group with passive SNS usage was significantly improved regarding acting with awareness and SMD. In addition to this, emotional investment in SNS was a mediator of the relationship between changed SNS usage and SMD in both experimental groups. To our knowledge, the current study was the first to experimentally investigate emotional investment in SNS as a mediator. The study has shown that changed SNS usage improves mental health.},
  author       = {Palmqvist, Eric and Lundberg, Katja},
  keyword      = {SNS,social media,depression,stress,self-esteem,mindfulness,acting with awareness,SMD,SNS addiction,emotional investment in SNS,active SNS usage,passive SNS usage,reduced SNS usage.},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Sociala medier: kvalitet framför kvantitet? - En RCT om psykisk ohälsa i cyberrymden},
  year         = {2021},
}