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Mänskliga rättigheter i globaliseringens tidevarv

Stolt, Daniel (2008)
Department of Political Science
Abstract
This thesis compares different justifications of human rights with the philosophy of Axel Hägerström. Hägerström´s philosophy uses a strict logic and discards the notion of the existence of absolute values and moral right and wrong. The justifications that are examined are those of Robert Nozick, Alan Gewirth and the postmodern view. Nozick emanates from arguments of natural law, which is rejected by Hägerström as metaphysics. Gewirths logical justification emanates in part from moral arguments and hence differentiates from Hägerström, but it can be used for constructing a practical application of Hägerström's philosophy and thereby motivate a legislation relating to human rights. Postmodernism shares many of it's practical conclusions... (More)
This thesis compares different justifications of human rights with the philosophy of Axel Hägerström. Hägerström´s philosophy uses a strict logic and discards the notion of the existence of absolute values and moral right and wrong. The justifications that are examined are those of Robert Nozick, Alan Gewirth and the postmodern view. Nozick emanates from arguments of natural law, which is rejected by Hägerström as metaphysics. Gewirths logical justification emanates in part from moral arguments and hence differentiates from Hägerström, but it can be used for constructing a practical application of Hägerström's philosophy and thereby motivate a legislation relating to human rights. Postmodernism shares many of it's practical conclusions with Hägerström, but differentiates in it's foundational premises. The most important conclusions are that human rights can not be justified logically, but rather is a moral issue, and that definitions and justifications of human rights is a substantially more open question in the academic debate than in the public debate and political discussions. The thesis is ended with a short description of how a justification of human rights that emanates from Hägerström's philosophy could be composed. (Less)
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author
Stolt, Daniel
supervisor
organization
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
'mänskliga rättigheter', 'Axel Hägerström', globalisering, värdenihilism, Political and administrative sciences, Statsvetenskap, förvaltningskunskap
language
Swedish
id
1315765
date added to LUP
2009-01-06
date last changed
2009-01-28
@misc{1315765,
  abstract     = {This thesis compares different justifications of human rights with the philosophy of Axel Hägerström. Hägerström´s philosophy uses a strict logic and discards the notion of the existence of absolute values and moral right and wrong. The justifications that are examined are those of Robert Nozick, Alan Gewirth and the postmodern view. Nozick emanates from arguments of natural law, which is rejected by Hägerström as metaphysics. Gewirths logical justification emanates in part from moral arguments and hence differentiates from Hägerström, but it can be used for constructing a practical application of Hägerström's philosophy and thereby motivate a legislation relating to human rights. Postmodernism shares many of it's practical conclusions with Hägerström, but differentiates in it's foundational premises. The most important conclusions are that human rights can not be justified logically, but rather is a moral issue, and that definitions and justifications of human rights is a substantially more open question in the academic debate than in the public debate and political discussions. The thesis is ended with a short description of how a justification of human rights that emanates from Hägerström's philosophy could be composed.},
  author       = {Stolt, Daniel},
  keyword      = {'mänskliga rättigheter','Axel Hägerström',globalisering,värdenihilism,Political and administrative sciences,Statsvetenskap, förvaltningskunskap},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Mänskliga rättigheter i globaliseringens tidevarv},
  year         = {2008},
}