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Krigets diskurs och vägar till (positiv) fred: En idé- och diskursanalys av Belfastavtalet och Annanplanen med diskursiv konflikttransformation som normativ utgångspunkt

Sandman, Tua (2008)
Department of Political Science
Abstract
Protracted social conflicts, as those in Cyprus and Northern Ireland, are based on deep rooted perceptions of identity and definitions of "the other". According to the theory of discursive conflict transformation, war is primarily a social phenomenon, which is legitimated by a discourse of identity defined in terms of exclusionist boundaries and structural ideas of the social relations in society. In order to develop positive peace, the discourse of violence has to be challenged and the discursive structures that enable war have to transform into a counterdiscourse of inclusion and individuality. For the purpose of making a critical peace analysis, I have, with the assistance of established conflict theories, analysed the basic ideas... (More)
Protracted social conflicts, as those in Cyprus and Northern Ireland, are based on deep rooted perceptions of identity and definitions of "the other". According to the theory of discursive conflict transformation, war is primarily a social phenomenon, which is legitimated by a discourse of identity defined in terms of exclusionist boundaries and structural ideas of the social relations in society. In order to develop positive peace, the discourse of violence has to be challenged and the discursive structures that enable war have to transform into a counterdiscourse of inclusion and individuality. For the purpose of making a critical peace analysis, I have, with the assistance of established conflict theories, analysed the basic ideas behind the the Annan Plan and the Belfast Agreement and thus been able to interpret to what extent they may foster positive peace. I argue, that in order to provide basic needs on a group basis, power sharing arrangement, based on ethnicity or religion, exacerbates division rather than ameliorating it. It also creates barriers to normal politics and mobilization based on alternative motives. Therefore new societal security dilemmas might be fostered and peace proposals such as the Belfast Agreement and the Annan Plan could be counterproductive in the process of developing positive peace. (Less)
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author
Sandman, Tua
supervisor
organization
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Diskursiv konflikttransformation, positiv fred, identitet, konfliktteori, maktdelning, Belfastavtalet, Annanplanen, Peace and conflict research, polemology, Freds- och konfliktforskning
language
Swedish
id
1317055
date added to LUP
2008-06-16
date last changed
2015-12-14 13:34:38
@misc{1317055,
  abstract     = {Protracted social conflicts, as those in Cyprus and Northern Ireland, are based on deep rooted perceptions of identity and definitions of "the other". According to the theory of discursive conflict transformation, war is primarily a social phenomenon, which is legitimated by a discourse of identity defined in terms of exclusionist boundaries and structural ideas of the social relations in society. In order to develop positive peace, the discourse of violence has to be challenged and the discursive structures that enable war have to transform into a counterdiscourse of inclusion and individuality. For the purpose of making a critical peace analysis, I have, with the assistance of established conflict theories, analysed the basic ideas behind the the Annan Plan and the Belfast Agreement and thus been able to interpret to what extent they may foster positive peace. I argue, that in order to provide basic needs on a group basis, power sharing arrangement, based on ethnicity or religion, exacerbates division rather than ameliorating it. It also creates barriers to normal politics and mobilization based on alternative motives. Therefore new societal security dilemmas might be fostered and peace proposals such as the Belfast Agreement and the Annan Plan could be counterproductive in the process of developing positive peace.},
  author       = {Sandman, Tua},
  keyword      = {Diskursiv konflikttransformation,positiv fred,identitet,konfliktteori,maktdelning,Belfastavtalet,Annanplanen,Peace and conflict research, polemology,Freds- och konfliktforskning},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Krigets diskurs och vägar till (positiv) fred: En idé- och diskursanalys av Belfastavtalet och Annanplanen med diskursiv konflikttransformation som normativ utgångspunkt},
  year         = {2008},
}