Advanced

Exploring the potential for an EPR programme for EEE in Belarus Factors influencing the implementation of an EPR programme for EEE

Paulavets, Katsiaryna (2006)
The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics
Abstract
Electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) causes serious environmental impact in its end-of-life phase and it is the largest known source of heavy metals and organic pollutants in municipal waste. Moreover, waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) containes valuable components that if recycled and reused, could reduce the use of virgin materials. However, nowdays WEEE is mostly landfilled. The enormous volume of WEEE, and accompanying environmental impacts, encourages seeking an environmentally effective policy solution to control the problem of end-of-life EEE. The Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) principle has been recognized by many countries from Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) as an... (More)
Electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) causes serious environmental impact in its end-of-life phase and it is the largest known source of heavy metals and organic pollutants in municipal waste. Moreover, waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) containes valuable components that if recycled and reused, could reduce the use of virgin materials. However, nowdays WEEE is mostly landfilled. The enormous volume of WEEE, and accompanying environmental impacts, encourages seeking an environmentally effective policy solution to control the problem of end-of-life EEE. The Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) principle has been recognized by many countries from Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) as an effective policy approach that addresses the problems associated with EEE in the waste stream and stimulates changes in three key priority areas: resource efficiency, cleaner products and waste management.

This thesis is an attempt to explore the potential for an EPR programme for EEE in Belarus because today there is no such programme and it is becoming urgent to deal with problems associated with WEEE in the country. To do so, the thesis attempts to identify key factors that will influence the successful implementation of an EPR programme for EEE in Belarus. The identification of key factors is carried out based on the existing approach of handling WEEE in Belarus, the EPR programme for plastic packaging in Belarus and two EPR programmes for EEE in Lithuania and Sweden. While studying these programmes, the main focus was on legislation, compliance scheme, allocation of responsibilities for collection and recycling, financial mechanism including financing of historical and orphan products, monitoring and enforcement, and public participation. Based on the experiences of these selected cases, the thesis work allowed to identify factors that affect collection and recycling rates, the provision of environmentally sound treatment of collected products, the design change for end-of-life management, and the solution of the problem of free riders, historical and orphan products. It was decided to focus on these areas, as, for the purpose of this thesis, an EPR programme is considered to be successfully implemented if the system addresses them. Discussion of these key factors may provide better understanding when developing and implementing an EPR programme for EEE in Belarus. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
@misc{1329408,
  abstract     = {Electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) causes serious environmental impact in its end-of-life phase and it is the largest known source of heavy metals and organic pollutants in municipal waste. Moreover, waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) containes valuable components that if recycled and reused, could reduce the use of virgin materials. However, nowdays WEEE is mostly landfilled. The enormous volume of WEEE, and accompanying environmental impacts, encourages seeking an environmentally effective policy solution to control the problem of end-of-life EEE. The Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) principle has been recognized by many countries from Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) as an effective policy approach that addresses the problems associated with EEE in the waste stream and stimulates changes in three key priority areas: resource efficiency, cleaner products and waste management.

This thesis is an attempt to explore the potential for an EPR programme for EEE in Belarus because today there is no such programme and it is becoming urgent to deal with problems associated with WEEE in the country. To do so, the thesis attempts to identify key factors that will influence the successful implementation of an EPR programme for EEE in Belarus. The identification of key factors is carried out based on the existing approach of handling WEEE in Belarus, the EPR programme for plastic packaging in Belarus and two EPR programmes for EEE in Lithuania and Sweden. While studying these programmes, the main focus was on legislation, compliance scheme, allocation of responsibilities for collection and recycling, financial mechanism including financing of historical and orphan products, monitoring and enforcement, and public participation. Based on the experiences of these selected cases, the thesis work allowed to identify factors that affect collection and recycling rates, the provision of environmentally sound treatment of collected products, the design change for end-of-life management, and the solution of the problem of free riders, historical and orphan products. It was decided to focus on these areas, as, for the purpose of this thesis, an EPR programme is considered to be successfully implemented if the system addresses them. Discussion of these key factors may provide better understanding when developing and implementing an EPR programme for EEE in Belarus.},
  author       = {Paulavets, Katsiaryna},
  keyword      = {Waste Elctrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE),Extended Producer Responsability (EPR),influence and success factors,Belarus,Lithuania,Sweden,Environmental studies,Miljöstudier},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Exploring the potential for an EPR programme for EEE in Belarus Factors influencing the implementation of an EPR programme for EEE},
  year         = {2006},
}